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Epic Hero Cycle

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on 11 March 2015

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Transcript of Epic Hero Cycle

Journal-Traits of a Hero
List/describe the traits you believe a hero should have (or already does)
Characteristics of an Epic include:
A long narrative poem. (Tells a story)
--"Larger Than Life"
--vast--covers nations, the world, the universe
--deeds of great valor often requiring superhuman courage/strength
--gods, angels, demons often involved in the action
--elevated, grand, sophisticated
The Epic Poem
--recounts deeds of the hero with objectivity
A descriptive nickname of two or more words which describes a character.
Example: Beowulf

"Protector of Warriors"
"Dispenser of Treasure"
A descriptive nickname, usually two or more words, which is used as a synonym for a simple noun.

Ship = "bent-necked wood," 'ringed prow," "sea-farer"

Sea = "Whale-road"

Battle = "Storm of Swords"
Ancient Greece produced two epics,
The Iliad
The Odyssey
, which are considered the first great works of Western Literature.

Both epics have been attributed to a poet named Homer.

When the poems were first created, they were not written down. They were passed orally from one generation to the next.
The Iliad
is named for the setting in which it occurs, Troy. Was said to be written sometime between 900-700 B. C and is about the last year of the Trojan War.
The Odyssey
is named for its hero, who is also known as Ulysses. Tells of Odysseus' homeward journey from Troy to Ithaca which took ten years and was written some years after
The Iliad
The Odyssey
a very long poem
11,300 lines
divided into 24 books

Poem has 3 major plot strands:

story of what happens in Ithaca to Odysseus' wife and son as they await his return

Odysseus' wanderings during the 10 years following the Trojan War

Odysseus' return to Ithaca
Interpretations of The Odyssey
-Exciting adventure story
-Story of every human being, who must overcome temptations and obstacles in the journey through life in the effort to find a place of peace and joy
Elements of the Epic Hero Cycle
Element #1
The main character is a hero, who is often possessed of supernatural abilities or qualities.
Element #2
The hero is charged with a quest.
Element #3
The hero is tested, often to prove the worthiness of himself and his quest.
Element #5
Risks death for glory or for the greater good of society or to save those for whom he/she is responsible.
Element #7
The hero's travels take him to a supernatural world, often one that normal human beings are barred from entering.

The cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeated.

A resurrection
Element #4
Is ethical. Shows that he/she knows right from wrong and tries to do what is right.
Element #6
The presence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, and human helpers and companions.
Element #8
Is a strong and responsible leader.
Element #9
Performs brave deeds--sometimes using tricks which require intellectual or verbal skill.
Element #10
Restitution (compensation for completion of the quest).

Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place in history.

Reflects the ideals of a particular society or community.
Epic Hero Cycle
Describe a time when someone told you not to do something, but you did it anyway.
Traits of an Epic Hero
Has "larger than life" qualities, possibly supernatural powers
Defeats monsters (bad guys) and/or fights gods
Has "good" on his or her side
Has a weakness that often destroys him or her or leads to death
Makes long journeys, always on the move, travels to find adventure
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