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Factors affecting the use of ICT

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by

Jessica Passey

on 2 December 2012

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Transcript of Factors affecting the use of ICT

0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c Social Factors With the increase in the use of ICT, social problems have developed.

- They have reduced the amount of manual jobs available because robots have replaced jobs where low skills are needed.
- People are required to understand how ICT works because ICT systems are changing how their jobs are done.
- Job loss is increasing as ICT systems evolve to take over.
- ICT systems are widening the gap of the 'haves' and 'have-nots' where people with the internet can access discounts whereas those who do not have access to the internet are penalized with less discounts.
- ICT systems are de-skilling jobs such as typist, which was a skillful job but those with a basic knowledge of word processing can produce professional documents.
- The distinction of home and work has become blurred which means that conflict in families of people working too much has developed.
- Businesses often have to trade 24 hours a day to remain competitive and therefore there are a lot of temporary and part time posts- putting stress on employees.
- Social interaction is decreasing rapidly with the development of ICT because more people work from home, which creates an unhealthy lifestyle for the workers who are alone.
-ICT systems have developed a less personal interaction system because people are becoming locked into cyber worlds and losing face to face interaction.
-Leisure time has become blurred for workers because they can now work twilight, nights and weekends rather than 9 to 5 which greatly affects family life.
- People have found themselves addicted to aspects of ICT such as internet gambling, chat room and playing online games. Cultural factors More people have lost the custom of writing to each other by letter, but rather emailing each other.
People have changed their habits by texting rather than ringing eachother.
People having a more relaxed attitude to copyright issues.
Legal Factors The Data protection act 1998 can make it impossible for a system to be developed.
Companies may wish to create a large database with all the personal information held about us including our purchasing habits. This is not allowed by the act and therefore cannot be developed.
Copyright laws prevent the free passage of music on peer-to-peer file sharing websites.
Selling devices that crack codes or copy protection are illegal as it would encourage people to break the law by copying cds, software or DVD's.
Mobile communication such as the use of mobile phones while driving a car is banned unless you are using a hands-free system. The mobile phone had to be developed to fit this. Economic factors Labour costs being cheaper elsewhere - many call centres are now located in India. As the systems are far cheaper and the labour costs are lower, many companies now locate call centres in India.
High labour costs- more uses for ICT have been sought that will reduce the wage bill in an organisation.
Fuel costs- a lot of fuel is wasted if you get lost. GPS systems and effiecent routing systems are used by parcel and delivery firms in order to save time and money.
Availabilty of high speed internet access- the availability of fast internet access is essential to a company's prosperity.
The availability of skilled staff for companies that need staff that can do programming. Environmental factors ICT has been estimated to produce the same level of carbon dioxide emissions as the aircraft industry.
There are over 880 million computers worldwide.
The use of ICT systems contributes two percent of global emissions.
We must be mindful of the issues that ICT creates:
Recycling of hardware helps reduce carbon footprint.
Print preview prevents the amount of money it costs to produce documents etc.
Reduction in the number of printouts made- ICT systems should only create print outs if totally necessary.
Recycle paper- printouts and other paper documents should be collected for recycling.
Switching off systems.
Allow some staff to work at home to ease congestion and pollution.
Factors affecting the use of ICT Ethical factors Ethical factors include:
Privacy can affect systems in the way that people may refuse to supply information for fear that there is lack of privacy.
Property - people have spent time developing ideas and products can have them copied.
Accuracy - mistakes can be easily made and have consequences .
Accessibility- there needs to be proper security in place to ensure that ICT systems cannot be accessed by those without authorisation. Culture Knowledge Beliefs Customs Arts Laws Habits Morals People being able to access information about the arts, book suggestions and reviews etc.
People taking a more relaxed view of issues such as pornography.
People exploring new ideas such as new religions and medicines etc.
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