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Transcript of Africville
When did they immigrate to Canada?
They came to Canada because they needed a home because most residents were once enslaved so coming to Canada meant freedom to them. Even more residents came when they opened a church in 1849 called Seaview African United Baptist Church. The church was called “the beating heart of Africville”. It was the centre of the village to both church-goers and non church-goers. It held the main civic events, including weddings, funerals and baptisms.
Wednesday, Febuary 4, 2015
BY: TIFFANY YANG
Where are members of this community from?
THE HISTORY OF AFRICVILLE
Where Do The Majority of This Community Live in Canada?
Africville is a community originally from Halifax, Nova Scotia. These people were African decendants from the west coast of Africa, brought to America as slaves and escaped or were freed and came to Canada. There were a mix of freed slaves, Maroons of Jamaica and refugees from the war of 1812.
They first immigrated to Canada in 1761 but the land wasn't granted to them until about 10 years later.
In 1761, their location was in Bedford Basin. However, the city of Halifax did not like it so they called it a "slum" and said it would always be an industrial site. In 1917 to 1962 the city of Halifax ruined Africville. The residents were forced to relocate in 1962 and the city of Halifax destroyed Africville. The Africville relocation today is in Halifax.
Famous/ Notable People of Africville
Portia White was a black opera singer, born June 24, 1911 in Truro,NS; and died Febuary 13,1968 in Toronto,ON. She was the first black women to break the colour barrier and become the first black Canadian singer to be famous. She was considered to be one of the best classical singers of the 20th century. Portia was named a “person of national historic significance” by the Government of Canada in 1995. She lived in Africville and began singing in the choir at church. She started her teacher training at Dalhousie University in 1929 and after graduating, became a schoolteacher in black communities in Nova Scotia. In the 1930s, she competed in the Halifax Music Festival, where her voice won the Helen Kennedy Silver Cup in 1935, 1937 and 1938. Portia left her job as a teacher and continued giving concerts in Canada. After many years, a life-sized sculpture of her was carved from a tree in front of Truro’s Zion Baptist Church in 2004.
Contributions of Africville and How they are Important to Canadians
Africville has made a couple of contibutions to Canada. Similary, some of these things are also important to Canadians and Canadian identity. First of all, they contributed a home where slaves and black people can live in an anti-racist community. This is important because even though they had a haven from racism, there were still many racist words and actions about to Africville. Still, they talked and acted with pride when it came to the residents home community. They are also important to Canadian identity because when the community was taken down, there was an apology to the people of Africville in 2010 and is now standing tall and with pride and is a national landmark of black Canadians who face wrongs and proved their rights in Canada. To many, it shows the fight for rights and made Canada what it is today. Without them we would not think of them and we may not have Black history month.