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TA 386 #01 Indian Culture and Theatre

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by

Michael Phillips

on 10 January 2018

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Transcript of TA 386 #01 Indian Culture and Theatre

The buildings
Performance
Unknown
origins
Sanskrit Drama
Distinct from
Western theatre
Eastern Theatre
“Imagine, if you will…”
Indian Culture
In conclusion…
Elaborate
conventions
Performance Style
Written vs.
spoken
Sanskrit Literature
Social, economic,
racial & spiritual
The Caste System
The Supreme
World-Soul: Brahman
Hinduism
The Vedic period
(1500-200 BCE)
An Introduction
Pleasure
Mirth
Sorrow
Wrath
Vigor
Fear
Disgust
Wonder
Erotic
Comic
Pathetic
Furious
Heroic
Terrible
Odious
Marvelous
Rasas & Bhavas
Most agreed
upon chronology
India: 1700 BCE
vs. 2nd century CE
Unclear beginnings
Multiple forms
Sanskrit literary
conventions
The Caste system
Hinduism
The necessity of
reincarnation
Principle gods:
Brahma (the creator)
Siva (the destroyer)
Vishnu (the preserver)
Polytheism
Brahman as the
ultimate reality
The
Untouchables
Hereditary &
binding
Sudras (unskilled
laborers)
Vaisyas (artisans
& farmers)
Kshatriyas
(warriors & rulers)
Brahmins (priests
& intellectuals)
Four major castes:
Written between
500 & 200 BCE
Ramayana
The Mahabharata
Indian Epics
The Rigveda
8
Bharata’s
"Natyasastra"
To arouse
emotions
Indian
nobility
Rasa
rasas
8
bhavas
Rasas
Bhavas
Play sources
and lengths
400 seats,
rectangular stage
Seating by social caste
near painted pillars
Religious and
ceremonial occasions
Costumes &
makeup
Intricate body
positions
Elaborate gestures
(mudras)
Highly skilled
actors
Scenery
The Clay Cart
The Recognition
of Sakuntala
Popularity
Kathakali
Hybrid dance/
drama form
The Ramayana
Hand
Mudras
Full transcript