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First Language Acquisition

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Christine Mclaughlin

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of First Language Acquisition

How do children learn language?
The five stages of language acquisition are: the babbling stage, the holophrastic, the two word stage, the teleghrapic, and the multi-word stage.
Stages of Language Acquisition
Holophrastic Stage (9- 18 Months)
Two-Word Stage (18-24 Months)
In the second stage of language acquisition, one-word is often used to convey the child's needs and wants. They begin to say single words like cookie or up! By this time the baby has learned to say one or two words like 'mama', and 'papa'
Babbling (4-12 Months)
Stage 1: Cooing (4-6 Months Old):
In this stage the baby makes very basic sounds such as Ppp, Mmm. The baby chuckles and laughs when playing with their mother.

Stage 2: Canonical Babbling (7-10 Months Old.)
At this stage the baby starts to babble sounds like: ‘mamama’, ‘dadada’ , ‘papapa’

Stage 3: Variegated Babbling (10-12 Months Old)
At this stage the baby begins to use gestures such as waving his hands to gain and keep attention.
Five Stages of Language Acquisition
First Language Acquisition
Telegraphic Stage (24-30 Months)

The telegraphic stage is where children acquire and start to use multiple-word sentences. They ask for, or direct attention to objects by naming them. At about two years of age, their speech is clearer and is understood by parents and caretakers.Over a year to a year and a half children’s sentences get longer, grammar is less often omitted and is used more accurately. Mommy may I have a cookie?
Later Multi-Word Stage (30+ Months)
The final stage of language acquisition is deemed the later multi-word stage which is from three years onward. At this stage the child begins to talk about activities at school or at friends' homes. A person outside of the family understands the child's speech.The child now uses a lot of sentences that have four or more words and usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words.By five years old, the child utters an average of 4.6 words per sentence and his or her vocabulary increases by about 20 words per day. At age six, the child knows about 13,000 words and by age eight, he or she has learned about 28,000 words and can speak their native language fluently.
The baby starts using nouns, verbs and adjectives in mini sentences to explain their wants and needs
In nearly all cases, children's language development follows a predictable sequence. However, there is a great deal of variation in the age at which children reach a given milestone. Furthermore, each child's development is usually characterized by gradual acquisition of particular abilities: thus "correct" use of English verbal inflection will emerge over a period of a year or more, starting from a stage where verbal inflections are always left out, and ending in a stage where they are nearly always used correctly.

There are also many different ways to characterize the developmental sequence. On the production side, one way to name the stages is as follows, focusing primarily on the unfolding of lexical and syntactic knowledge.
Literary Review

(ASHA). American Speech Language Hearing Association. (2012).

Klass, P. (2010, October 11). Understanding ‘Ba Ba Ba’ as a key to development. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/12/health/12klass.html?_r=0

Mahoney, N. (2014). Language learning. The National Science Foundation.

Saxton, W. (2010). Child language acquisition and development. London: SAGE Publications.

Swingley, D. (2008) The roots of the early vocabulary in infant’s learning from speech. Current Directions in Psychological Science, Vol. 17, No. 5, 308-312.

Interest in Topic
The reason I chose this topic is I am thinking of pursuing a career in early childhood education. I am curious as to how humans learn language.
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