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Chemotherapy

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Yvonne L

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Chemotherapy

Presented By: Davita, Preeti, Vaishnaviy, Yvonne Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy There are many ways to perform chemotherapy, which include:

Injection
Intra- arterial (IA)
Intraperitoneal (IP)
Intravenous (IV)
Topically
Orally What is Chemotherapy/ radiotherapy ? Background information about chemotherapy:

Mustard gas was used as a chemical warfare agent during World War I and was studied further during World War II Success Rates Chemotherapy
Life span is longer with chemotherapy treatments
Chemotherapy may fail
Depends on cancer being treated

Radiotherapy
Increased survival rates for specific cancers

Both
Survival rates increase when treatments are used together Qualifications for Chemotherapy Both adults and kids can get cancer. No matter what age a person is, chemotherapy/radiotherapy may be used to treat the cancer. But this decision is based on the type of cancer, the patient's age and health, and other drugs the patient is taking. Some patients should not be treated with certain chemotherapy drugs due to conditions such as heart disease, kidney disease, and diabetes which may limit the choice. It may affect the drugs that the person may be treated with. Alternatives Immunotherapy/Biotherapy/Biological Side Effects and Dangers Short term side effects:

Nausea
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Fatigue
Hair loss

Long term side effects:
Chemobrain
Loss of ability to fight infection
Organ damage
Loss of red blood cells also can occur, resulting in anemia Procedure Details (Where/Time/Personnel) Chemotherapy
Where?
many locations, location depends on several factors
Wait Times?
wait times increased, referral to consult times, consult to treatment times
Personnel?
chemotherapy technicians

Radiotherapy
Where?
radiation therapy centers, hospitals
Wait Times?
planning appointments, treatment appointments
Personnel?
radiation oncologist, physicist, dosimetrist How Does Chemotherapy/ radiotherapy Work? References http://denise4health.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/bardport-location.png
http://www.dentistrochesterhills.com/images/featured/Cosmetic-Dentist-Rochester-Hills.jpg
http://cgicm.ca/wp/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/chemotherapy.jpg
https://www.cancercare.on.ca/common/pages/UserFile.aspx?fileId=37677
http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/treatment/chemotherapy/
http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/58045/cc-publications/understanding-cancer-series/understanding-chemotherapy/chemotherapy-safety-precautions/?pp=58045
http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/treatmenttypes/chemotherapy/chemotherapyprinciplesanin-depthdiscussionofthetechniquesanditsroleintreatment/chemotherapy-principles-safety-precautions
http://safety.lovetoknow.com/personal-safety-protection/chemotherapy-safety-precautions
http://www.livestrong.com/article/234191-chemotherapy-safety-precautions/
http://www.chemotherapy.com/
http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/treatmenttypes/chemotherapy/chemotherapyprinciplesanin-depthdiscussionofthetechniquesanditsroleintreatment/chemotherapy-principles-where-are-chemo-treatments-given
https://www.cancercare.on.ca/cms/one.aspx?pageId=41089
http://www.csqi.on.ca/cms/One.aspx?portalId=126935&pageId=128179
http://education-portal.com/articles/Chemotherapy_Technician_Job_Description_Duties_and_Requirements.html
http://www.alive.com/articles/view/16503/the_failure_of_chemotherapy
http://badscienceblindtruth.wordpress.com/2011/08/01/here-it-goes-again-how-effective-is-chemotherapy/
http://www.livestrong.com/article/153376-the-average-cost-for-cancer-chemotherapy-treatment/http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/treatment/chemotherapy/having/ways-of-having-chemotherapyhttp://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/treatmenttypes/chemotherapy/understandingchemotherapyaguideforpatientsandfamilies/understanding-chemotherapy-learning-what-is-it-how-it-works
www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you/page2
http://www.drugcoverage.ca/en-ca/Provincial-Coverage/ontario/cancer-drug-coverage.aspx
http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/treatment/radiotherapy/external/plan/preparing-your-radiotherapy-plan http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/treatment/radiotherapy/internal/about/internal-radiotherapy-safety
http://www.ncic.cancer.ca/~/media/Files/Manitoba%20Cancer%20Home%20Drug%20Program.ashxhttp://cancer.disease.com/Treatment/Radiation-Therapy
http://to12.conquercancer.ca/images/content/pagebuilder/51757.jpg
http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerhelp/about%20cancer/treatment/chemotherapy/chemotherapy-side-effects
http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/treatmenttypes/chemotherapy/understandingchemotherapyaguideforpatientsandfamilies/understanding-chemotherapy-how-will-i-get-chemo
http://school.eb.com/eb/article-224744?query=Chemotherapy&ct=null
http://cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you/page2
For Additional
Information The Canadian Cancer Society

Speak to an information specialist at:
1-888-939-3333

Or email them at:
info@cis.cancer.ca

You can also register to speak to a former cancer patient using the listed information above. When/Why Is This Procedure Used? Preparation and Safety Cost Chemotherapy
Preparation:
Implanting chemotherapy device, blood, lung, liver, kidney, heart tests, personal health check, dentist, knowing side effects, arrangements
Safety:
Understanding side effects
Safety procedures for both nurses and patients

Radiotherapy
Preparation:
Simulation - scans, X-ray simulator
Safety:
Prevent spreading of radiation, previous radiotherapy treatments Implanting chemotherapy port Dental Checkup To Detect Signs of Infections Chemotherapy Wait Times Depending on Type of Cancer Purchasing Head Wrap Beforehand * The use of a drug to treat any disease
stop cancer cells from multiplying
cures, controls, and eases symptoms Chemotherapy:
Enters blood stream
attack cancer and healthy cells Monocolonal antibodies
Cancer vaccines
Angiogenesis inhibitors
Cytokines
Colony-stimulating growth factors
Gene therapy Hormonal Drug Therapy Androgen
Androgen blockers
Aromatase inhibitors Targeted Therapy Tyrosine kinase inhibitors
Apoptosis inducing drugs
Hormonal drug therapy
Biological therapy $100 - $30 000 for eight weeks of chemo
$300 for 5-FU or Leucovorin
Up to $30 000 when Advastin or Erbitux is mixed with other drugs
Chemotherapy medicine given in hospital suites are mostly covered by OHIP
Cost for oral chemotherapy can be up to $65 000
Patients may pay up to $13 000
Treatment for radiotherapy can be up o $20 000 Factors Affecting Cost Choice of drug
How long the treatment is
Hospital charges
Improved drugs Chemotherapy is used on patients to kills cancer cells, after other treatments to kill cancer cells, to prepare you for other treatments, and to ease signs and symptoms. Radiotherapy may be used as a curative treatment, treatment to control symptoms, treatment before surgery, treatment after surgery, or total body irradiation (TBI). It is often a part of a treatment of certain types of cancer, such as cancers of the head and neck, bladder, lung, and Hodgkin disease. They also ask for a written form. Questions before you sign the consent form may include:
Which chemo drugs will I be given?
How will the drugs be given to me?
How often will I need to get chemo?
How long will my treatments last?
What side effects could I have?
How likely is it that this treatment will work? http://thehistoryofchemotherapy.weebly.com/how-does-chemotherapy-work.html
http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/treatmenttypes/chemotherapy/chemotherapyprinciplesanin-depthdiscussionofthetechniquesanditsroleintreatment/chemotherapy-principles-what-is-chemo
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/158401.phpn
http://picsbox.biz/key/mustard%20gas
The different ways to perform radiotherapy are:

External beam
Internal beam Radiotherapy:
High doses of radiation kills cancer cells
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