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Battle of Midway
Transcript of Battle of Midway
Battle of Midway
Japan vs. America
Battle of Midway Play by Play
The Outcome of the Battle of Midway
The United States finally won the battle. They caused the Japanese to many casualties, and forced them back.
The Battle of Midway
How the US won.
The United States crippled the Japanese navy into surrendering. Japans main fleet ships, their aircraft carriers, were the key to their victory in the pacific. They allowed the Japanese to launch hundreds of planes to drop bombs, strafe and destroy ground installments and ships. The United States launched their main fleet, with the largest carriers the Yorktown and Enterprise, launched attack after attack onto the Japanese fleet and sunk their carriers and multiple destroyers and cruisers.
Casualties of Midway from both sides.
The Japanese lost their 4 main fleet carriers,the Akagi, Hiryu, Soryu, Kaga, and one of their cruisers Mikuma. They lost 3,057 men and around 240 to 270 aircraft. Their naval fleet was decimated. The United States lost one carrier, the USS Yorktown. 307 men died, 1 destroyer was lost, along with 147 aircraft.
The Significance of Midway
Midway was regarded as the most influential battle in the pacific. It turned the tide of war in the pacific. The Americans reduced the might of the Japanese Navy considerably, and took away Japanese power to make war in the Pacific. The Japanese carriers were the main weapon of their navy, and they caused the most destruction. The US still had a full force of carriers, and was therefore able to more effectively attack and take over enemy islands, ships, and defend the fleet. While the Japanese still had a host of enormous battleships and heavy cruisers, their carriers were the heavy hitters. They could never again launch an effective naval strike, and from now on, the US was always on the naval offensive
How this helped the US achieve its objectives
Besides the small island of Midway, the battle "ground" was all water and air. Some winds from the east were coming in which made flying more difficult. On top of that there was a cloud cover rolling in over the Japanese ship.
The US had a tough campaign ahead of them. The Japanese had a firm grasp on the Pacific Island, with a very strong navy and air force. The islands they held were also crawling with Japanese forces. At Midway, the US destroyed the Japanese carriers and wiped out a large portion of their Air Force. It helped us achieve our objective of driving the Japanese off the islands in the pacific because they could not move large amounts of fighters to invasion sights like the US could with their carriers. It made Island Hopping a little easier for the Americans by taking away a huge part of their naval power.
This battle was a strategic battle on both sides. The placement of midway was an important refueling station for America. Japan, knowing this, sought to eliminate this refueling station while drawing out the US fleet to destroy as well. The US had also broke the Japanese war code and new about the attack ahead of time.This allowed the US to set an ambush for the Japanese.
According to Yamamoto plan, the Japanese were to only send half of their aerial fleet to attack Midway so as to save the other half for fighting the US Fleet that would come to save Midway. What Yamamoto didn't know was that the US fleet was already waiting for Yamamoto.
While the Japanese bested the US in quality, the US greatly outnumbered them.
The US fleet that was at midway for the battle consisted of 3 carriers, 15 destroyers, 16 submarines, 7 cruisers, and over 350 aircraft. No small amount of weaponry.
The Japanese fleet at Midway consisted of 4 carriers, 2 battleships, 15 support ships, and over 250 aircraft. Their pilots were well trained, and more accurate.
A good portion of US aircraft were outdated. This gave Japan superiority in the air. Meanwhile Ships were still pretty evenly matched. The US however had more of each to fight with, leveling the playing field.
Overall, US aircraft were outgunned. In the battle of Midway, the US used outdated planes such as the Vought SB2U Vindicator, or the Brewster F2A Buffalo. The US had more aircraft than Japan but there was only so much outdated planes could do against the superior Japanese planes like the Mitsubishi A6m Zero, or the Aichi D3A.
The United State's war ships on the other hand were up to date and rivaling Japan's. Aircraft carrier like the United State's USS Hornet (CV-8) and the Japanese carrier the Shōhō Were very much the same concerning how effective they were at performance. Other support ships on both sides were closely matched.
This battle was a make it of break it for both sides. Either the Japanese would cripple the US fleet for good and continue their conquest or the US would stop the Japanese advance and put them on the defensive. Thankfully, the US won this battle.
The battle of Midway was a ocean battle. Both sides threw majority of their fleets into this battle including aircraft carriers, planes, and other support ships. The Japanese
Admiral Isoruku Yamamoto planned to take out Midway drawing out the US fleet for him to finish off crippling the United States or the rest or the war. While the US planned and ambush at midway.
Broke Japanese codes and knew about attack on midway
Element of surprise
Better trained men
By David, Ryan, and Tom