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AP Rhetorical Analysis Essay
Transcript of AP Rhetorical Analysis Essay
What is it?
Rhetoric--How a writer or a speaker persuades his or her audience using specific techniques
Most Common Strategies
Addressing the counter-argument
Not Sure What to Do?
The basic construction should look like this:
Not so much about what they say as... HOW THEY SAY IT
Play by Play: How to plan your Rhetorical Analysis Essay
Read the introductory information to the text you will be analyzing. This info can be extremely helpful.
Describe the idea you think is best
Remember the Rhetorical Triangle!
The elements of the Rhetorical Triangle are all connected and important!
The Big Question
What choices did the writer or speaker make in HOW they communicate their ideas?
Is when we talk about what tools and tricks we see the writer using and explain what effect they have on the audience.
Ultimately this is a LANGUAGE test. At the end of the day you are trying to show college professors that you already write at a college level and don't need to take a writing college class. You must impress them with your writing skills. That is the whole point of the essay section.
You MUST write about HOW the author writes
What does HOW mean?--It means you should write about the writing and communication tricks, tools, and strategies the author is using.
Do NOT get stuck simply summarizing the author's points or getting into "what he is saying" too much.
Do NOT "enter the argument" and start debating whether or not you agree or disagree with the author's argument.
Read the Text
Actively pay attention and note the strategies the author uses. (ANNOTATE)
Pick out about three strategies that you can write about with the most confidence, and that are most dominate in the author's style.
Write a THESIS
Write a thesis statement that includes a brief summary of the author's argument, as well as a list of the strategies the author used that you will be analyzing.
How to write a THESIS statement
Make a plan: Look over your annotation and decide which rhetorical strategies you will discuss. Quickly, list the strategies you might discuss, the purpose of the writing, the author, and the context. You will need all of this info for your thesis.
Add in your Main Points
For each strategy you write about:
1. Name the strategy being used
2. Quote an example of the strategy being used in the text
3. Explain how the strategy works, what effect it has on the audience, and why the author chose this strategy
Refer back to the pros and cons
Explain how it will help
Describe the next steps
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
The tools and tricks the author uses to persuade their audience to agree with their argument.
Similes, Metaphors, Connotation, Tone, Imagery, Overstatement, Emotional Appeals, and many more
Example: Pathos, humor, hyperbole, contingency, logos
Purpose: To convince people to help with the crisis in Haiti
Author: George Clooney
Context: A script from a public service announcement
In his public service announcement, George Clooney tries to convince his audience to help out with the crisis in Haiti
After you've stated the intro info, use a transition phrase like "by using" and then list the main points (rhetorical strategies) you will make in your paper. This gives your reader an idea of what to expect, so when they get there they aren't confused.
Example: In his public service announcement, George Clooney tries to convince his audience to help out with the crisis in Haiti by using pathos, humor, and contingency.