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The Use of Patriotism in 1984

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jordan mathews

on 14 April 2016

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Transcript of The Use of Patriotism in 1984

The Use of Patriotism in 1984
Thesis
Throughout the novel 1984 by George Orwell it can be seen through the political environment, the citizens of Oceania, the use of telescreens and the upbringing of children, that patriotism plays a crucial role in the structure and on going control of the party.
Environment
Citizens
Telescreens
Throughout 1984 there are many uses for the telescreens by the party however, they all relate back to the idea of patriotism and creating a society where the people are forced to act in a patriotic fashion for fear of being caught acting otherwise. The telescreens in the novel are used as a weapon by the party to constantly watch over the people of Oceania.
Video
Where was patriotism showcased during this video?
Quote 1 and Analysis
“It was not desired that the proles should have strong political feelings. All that was required of them was a primitive patriotism which could be appealed to whenever it was necessary to make them accept longer working-hours or short rations.” (Pg.74 & 75)
Quote 2 and Analysis
"More commonly, people who had incurred the displeasure of the Party simply disappeared and were never heard of again. One never had the smallest clue as to what had happened to them. In some cases they might not even be dead. Perhaps thirty people personally known to Winston, not counting his parents, had disappeared at one time or another." (Pg. 47)
Quote 1 and Analysis
Quote 2 and Analysis
Text To World
Text To Self
Discussion Question
Text To Text
Discussion Question
Quote 2 and Analysis
Text To World
Quote 1 and Analysis
Discussion Question
Children
Quote 1 and Analysis
Quote 2 and Analysis
Text to World
Discussion Question
How would knowing that you were being watched at every moment of the day affect your actions?
“It was nearly eleven hundred, and in the records department, where Winston worked, they were dragging the chairs out of the cubicles and grouping them in the centre of the hall, opposite the big telescreen, in preparation for the Two Minutes Hate” (Pg.11)
"An already excited voice was gabbling from the telescreen, but even as it started it was almost drowned by a roar of cheering from outside. The news had run round the streets like magic.” (Pg.310)
“Down in the street little eddies of wind were whirling dust and torn paper into spirals, and though the sun was shining and the sky a harsh blue, there seemed to be no color in anything, except the posters that were plastered everywhere. The black mustachioed face gazed down from every commanding corner. There was one on the house-front immediately opposite. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption said, while the dark eyes looked deep into Winston's own” (Pg. 4)
“Attention! Your attention, please! A newsflash has this moment arrived from the Malabar front. Our forces in South India have won a glorious victory. I am authorized to say that the action we are now reporting may well bring the war within measurable distance of its end.” (Pg. 28)
Imagine being in Oceania and being subjected to the same environment as the people, would the environment play an influence to how you feel towards your nation?
How would you react if you were constantly being told what to do by your own government, every day of your life, and if you try resisting it could cost you your life?
Do you think that being brought up like the children in Oceania would cause you to betray your own parents?
People will follow their government for the love of their country; these people are seen as patriots. The support of their country leads to many of their citizens participating in many of government’s activities. Weather its rallies, government events and etc. Patriotism can also be used as a weapon and becoming controlling in ways where there is no freedom towards their citizens.
"North Korea Warns of New Famine as Kim's Weight, Belligerence Balloon”

North Korea Leader Kim Jong Un said his nation could be heading into another famine.
A famine is a extreme storage in food
Their last famine killed 3.5Million in 1990s
Now Pyongyang (the capital of North Korea) has ordered every citizen in the capital to provide around 2 pounds of rice to the state’s supplies every month.
Farmers are now forced to give their addition crops to the military stated by their government.

Throughout 1984, it is evident that the Party is brainwashing the children of Oceania. The party constantly tries to make children love and be loyal to Big Brother, making them believe that everything is perfect.
“The children, on the other hand, were systematically turned against their parents and taught to spy on them and report their deviations.” (Pg.140)
“It was almost normal for people over thirty to be frightened of their own children. And with good reason, for hardly a week passed in which the Times did not carry a paragraph describing how some eavesdropping little sneak – ‘child hero’ was the phrase generally used – had overheard some compromising remark and denounced his parents to the Thought Police.” ( Pg. 26-27)
During World War II, the Junior Spies relate to the Hitler Youth. The Hitler Youth is an organization of the Nazi Party where children are recruited to train according to the standards of Nazis. These children are brainwashed to be patriotic, by prioritizing their country over their families. They are disciplined to develop into people that Hitler and Nazis want them to be.
There are examples on a smaller scale in normal everyday life as well as on a larger scale in modern day dictatorships.
This town is one of the richest in the Riviera and has installed cameras around the town in order to stop people from littering or engaging in inappropriate actions in public.
cameras watch over the people and if they are caught littering these cameras use their loud speaker to tell off the person committing the action in an effort to stop them.
Text To World
Another more drastic example of a real life use of telescreens is in North Korea.
North Korea is a dictatorship run by the Supreme Leader, Kim Jong-un.
North Korea 16000 new CCTV cameras have been installed to increase surveillance on the people.
Throughout 1984, Orwell uses manipulation of the environment to present an atmosphere of forced patriotism in the book. This segment focuses on the environment and atmosphere created by the Party and the various propaganda posters that create a sense of forced patriotism throughout the novel.
Full transcript