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Lesson 3 - Unit 18: Sports Injuries
Transcript of Lesson 3 - Unit 18: Sports Injuries
Write down in your exercise book, what you already know about treating sports injuries?
- What types of sports cause specific injuries?
- Do you know anything about hard and soft tissue injuries?
- Preventative measures in place?
3. Know how to apply methods of treating sports injuries
- Describe first aid and common treatments used for four different types of sports injury (P5)
What I already know?
Types of sporting injuries:
(Hard and soft tissue)
- Collisions with other performers or objects, and twists or turns beyond the body's capabilities are common causes of acute injury.
Hard tissue injuries - bones, joints and cartilage
A hard tissue injury is damage to bone tissue.
A hard tissue injury is also called a "fracture" and is defined as a "loss of continuity in the substance of a bone".
Hard tissue injuries, also known as "fractures" are commonly referred to as "broken bones", or perhaps "cracked bones" in the case of stress fractures and hairline fractures.
How do these occur?
Soft tissue injuries - muscles, tendons, ligaments, internal organs and skin.
A soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a particular part of the body.
HARD OR SOFT TISSUE DAMAGE? YOU DECIDE!
Research using the internet or a BTEC book the following types of hard and soft sports injuries and write them in your exercise book:
All types of fractures
Sprain and strains
In the different types of fractures, which are more likely to produce an open fracture and why?
Haematoma: Intermuscular and Intramuscular
Define each and relate to a sporting example
Produce a poster for each definition.
What is a dislocation?
Sprains and Strains
is damage to ligaments (stretch and tear).
is damage to muscle or tendon.
Sprains can be categorised into first, second or third degree injuries.
Hard tissue damage
Open and closed fractures.
Complete and incomplete fractures.
Discuss with your partner, what is a stress fracture?
Define the causes of a stress fracture?
Soft tissue damage
Do you know the difference?
Which is more severe?
What are strains graded in?
Task - Research other soft tissue injuries and provide a definition (P5)
Working in pairs or groups, discuss what injuries may occur in the following sports:
Complete the extension activity in the BTEC textbook:
Complete the table suggesting strategies to decrease the risk of such injuries taking place.
Rules and Regulations
Possible future schemes
Cartilage acts as a ossification (bone growth) and minimises the the impact of internal skeletal forces during sports.
Cartilage absorbs the impact of bones whilst reducing friction.
Acute trauma could also cause damage to cartilage e.g. dislocation.