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WHAP Ch. 24: Industrialization and Imperialism
Transcript of WHAP Ch. 24: Industrialization and Imperialism
Rivalries between European countries occur in non-Western territories (Asia & Africa)
Chapter 24: Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global Order
European Interactions with India
Battle at Plassey
(June 23, 1757)
Europeans exploited long-standing ethnic and cultural divisions in the states to gain land
Major source of raw materials
British East India company
Sepoys- indian troops
European interaction with Africa
Methods the British Used to Control India
- initiated by Boer assaults against British bases
- in Natal and the Cape Colony
- British victory
European Military in Africa
Cape Town was est. for Dutch merchants but
descendents of Dutch immigrants
, moved in because of the temperate climate.
The Boers grew crops and raised livestock similar to the Europeans.
British captured Cape Town in 1790s
The Boers and the British had great differences
- language, isolation vs. revolutions, slavery
Divide and Conquer
Used feuding neighboring kingdoms
regional Indian princes fought to defend and expand = weakened
Britain most dominant
Caused by Industrialization: nations needed more raw materials for the factories.
The colonizers increasingly isolated themselves from the natives
- British victory = control
Scientific discoveries and technological innovations gave the Europeans an advantage.
By 1914, all of Africa but Ethiopia and Liberia had fallen to Europeans.
Areas such as India and Java, adopted European institutions and education
Different farming techniques
New crops from America
How did European imperialism affect societies around the world?
How did imperialism help, hurt, or change various states?
Western language education in Java and India was state sponsored
Christian missionaries ran the schools in Africa
Motives for Imperialism