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The Strengths, Weaknesses, and Strategies of the Union and the Conferderacy

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James Hasell

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of The Strengths, Weaknesses, and Strategies of the Union and the Conferderacy

The Strengths, Weaknesses, and Strategies of:
The Union
& The Confederacy
This is a map that shows the division between the Union and Confederate states during the Civil War
You can see from the map that the Union states represented the North and the Confederate states represented the South
Confederate
Union
Advantages of the Confederacy

Defending their homeland

They might step in to aid the South
Possibility of Foreign Alliances

He refused Lincoln's offer and soon found himself in command of the Confederate Army
Skilled Military Leaders

Did not have to travel far
They did not want to lose their property, country, and freedom
Knew land well
Because of this they had passionate soldiers that volunteered to fight
Britain and France were two major buyers of southern cotton
Robert E. Lee was so highly regarded that Lincoln asked him to take command of the Union army
Confederacy Weaknesses
Fighting for a cause that was bound to lose
By outlawing slavery, the North did what was popular and right
Low Resources
Compared to the North, the South did not have many supplies ready for the war
Few Railroads
The less mobility they had to move their supplies
Small Population
Less than half the amount of people in the North
Poor Navy
The Confederate Navy had a few warships yet could never confront the Union on the open sea.
South refused to recognize that slavery was immoral and outdated
One/Third of the population was enslaved
Less people for their military
They had few factories to produce weapons
The Union
Strengths
Weaknesses
With a larger population they had:
a greater pool from which to draw replacements for casualties and
more workers for essential noncombat jobs in industry


Large Population

The North had four times as much cash on deposit in banks as the South did
Resources

The Union commanded the U.S. Navy, which would prove to be a key weapon in the war
Strong Navy

More railroads and roads than the Confederacy enabled them to transport supplies and troops and communicate faster than them

Better Transportation/Communication

The Union was more than twice the size of the Confederacy
The Union controlled well over 80 percent of the nation’s factories and industry
They could produce the necessary uniforms, supplies, and weapons themselves, without relying on foreign allies or going into debt
Did not know land well
Attacking Side

Had to travel more than the confederates
Lincoln had less military experience than the Confederate President Jefferson Davis
Less Experienced Military

They did not have a highly respected general like Robert E. Lee
The Union had to invade, conquer, and occupy the South
Harder Objectives

They had to destroy the South's capacity and the will to resist
Confederacy Background
Together, they formed a government with a constitution under president Jefferson Davis.
The Confederate States of America consisted of eleven states that seceded from the Union before or after the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and 1861
They were: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas.
Originally, the capital was located in Montgomery, Alabama, but was moved to Richmond, Virginia
Union Background
The Union referred to all the states that did not secede from the U.S. and included the national government
The Union consisted of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Kansas, California, Nevada, and Oregon.
Capital was in Washington
Led by Abraham Lincoln
Strategies
Both sides played off of their strengths and their opponents weaknesses to plan their strategy
The Union's Strategy
The Anaconda Plan
- to squeeze the South and suffocate them
The Confederate's Strategy
To be victorious, the CSA knew it did not need to invade the North or capture a mile of its territory
Because the South did not have many factories to make supplies for the war and depended heavily on imports, the North planned to starve the south and keep the military from getting bullets, guns, and food
Step 1
Win control of the Mississippi River
Step 2
Block all Southern Ports
Step 3
Divide the South
Step 4
Conquer the Confederate Capital
Scott's Great Snake
The Union controlled the sea
It simply needed to defend its territories
Elements of Their Strategy
Keep the War in the South
One of the Confederate's main advantage was that they knew their homeland well
Offensive-Defensive
They would focus on defending their own territory, except when the opportunity presented itself to attack Union territory
Border States
To gain the border states into the Confederacy
Diplomatic Recognition
With few supplies and factories to produce them, the south would need foreign assistance to win the war
If they kept most of the war in the south they could maneuver through the lands faster and more effectively than the Union
This would give them more manpower and more land for the Union to have to conquer
vs.
Strengths and Weaknesses
Union and Confederate Statistics
Union
Confederacy
Population
22,300,000
9,100,000 (3.5 mil slaves)
Factories
110,000
18,000
Shipping (tonnage)
Workers
4,600,000
290,000
1,300,000
290,000
Re-
cap
More Statistics
Here you can visually see how much more resour-ces the North had
Confederate's Main Advantage
Strategies
Union's main strategy was to blockade the South and starve them of supplies
Because of West Point Military School
They were fighting a defensive war with the best military minds out of West Point
-The Anaconda Plan
Confederate's Main strategy was an offensive-defensive strategy
-Mostly defense, attacking when possible
Weaknesses
Union's Main Weaknesses
Was the attacking side, had poor military leaders, and had to conquer a large area
Confederacy's Main Weakness
Lack of resources
From the chart you can see that the Union had significantly more people, factories, shipping, and workers
Ultimately, it shows that the Union had a lot more
resources
to work with than the Confederates, which was the
Union's Main Advantage
Full transcript