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The Dynastic Cycle

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by

Claire Fischer

on 12 September 2014

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Transcript of The Dynastic Cycle

The New Dynasty
Restores peace
Appoints loyal officials
Redistributes land to peasants
Builds canals, irrigation systems, and roads
Repairs defensive walls
The Aging Dynasty
Neglects government duties
Ignores corrupt officials
Loses control of the provinces
Imposes heavy taxes to pay for luxuries
Allows defensive walls to decay
Problems
Floods, famine, earthquakes
Invasions
Armed bandits in the provinces
Peasant revolts
The Dynastic Cycle
Q: Who first used the Mandate of Heaven?
A: The Mandate of Heaven was first used by the Zhou, but was used the most by the Qin.
After several generations, the new dynasty becomes an aging dynasty.
New dynasty claims the Mandate of Heaven.
Aging dynasty loses the Mandate of Heaven.
Q: Why was it created?
A: The Mandate of Heaven was used to show the Zhou as the main power of the region.
Q: What was the Mandate of Heaven?
Q: What are some principles of the Mandate of Heaven?
A:
1. heaven grants the right to rule
2. Since, there is only one heaven, there can only be one ruler.
3. the right to rule is based on the righteousness of a ruler
4. the right to rule is passed on from one dynasty to another, forms of power that take over other forces of power can be granted this right to rule
A: The belief that Heaven gives the divine right to rule.
Citations/Sources:
"Chinese Dynasties and the 'Mandate of Heaven'" The Epoch Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.
"Mandate of Heaven." Flashcards. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.
Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor., Anthony Esler, and Burton F. Beers. "2.4." Prentice Hall World History. Boston, MA: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. 94-95. Print.
"Who Created the Mandate of Heaven - Google Search." Who Created the Mandate of Heaven - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.
"History: Ancient China for Kids." Ducksters. Technological Solutions, Inc. (TSI), Sept. 2014. Web. 11 Sept. 2014. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/china/ancient_china.php>.
"Gaia Online." GaiaOnline.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2014.
"Our Learning Profiles." Westerlund10. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2014.
"‎2,000 Years of Chinese History! The Mandate of Heaven and Confucius: World History #7." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2014.
The Chinese expanded on the idea of the Mandate of Heaven, in order to explain the dynastic cycle.
The Dynastic Cycle:
Ancient China:
Dynasties controlled China, from about 1766 B.C. until about 1912.
Dynasties in China:
Fun Facts:
The most recent emperor of China, Puyi, became ruler when he was 3 years old.
Chopsticks have been used, to eat, for over 4,000 years.
The Yangtze River, in China, and is the third longest river in the world.
In China, the Yellow River is the sixth longest river.
The dragon was often used as a symbol of the Emperor, because it's a sign of good luck, power, and strength.
Ancient Chinese people were the first people to drink tea, which was first used as medicine.
In Ancient China many people spoke different types of Chinese, but the written language was the same. This made reading and writing extremely important to the Empire.
Most Chinese people took time off and celebrated during the New Year celebration.
Based on a legend, silk was discovered by Hsi-Ling-Shi, Emporer Huang-Ti's wife, in 2700 B.C. in the emperor's garden.
Buddhist sayings and prayers, were the most popular type of booklet after the invention of the printing press.
Dynasty and Dates
Shang: 1766 B.C. - 1122 B.C.
Zhou: 1122 B.C. - 256 B.C.
Qin: 221 B.C. - 206B.C.
Han: 202 B.C. - A.D. 220
Sui: A.D. 581 - A.D. 618
Tang: A.D. 618 - A.D. 907
Song: A.D. 960 - A.D. 1279
Ming: A.D. 1368 - A.D. 1644
Qing: A.D. 1644- A.D. 1911
Greatest Contribution:
The Mandate of Heaven's most significant contribution to history is it was a way to show or appoint who would have the right to rule.
Claire Fischer: 1st hour
The Great Wall of China.
Full transcript