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History of Art (Modernism)

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Jenny Zhan

on 15 June 2017

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Transcript of History of Art (Modernism)

History Of Art (Modernism)
What is Modernism?
Modernism is a philosophical art movement that occurred
between the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Shaped by the modern industrial society (followed by the horror of WWI), this movement rejected the certainty of enlightenment, religious beliefs, and the ideology of realism. Modernism, at the time it occurred, was fully emerging in the
industrial world. The notable characteristics of this movement is self-consciousness and the rejection of "realism ideology". Artists made use of works from the past by
reprise, incorporation, recapitulation, revision, and
This art style affirms the power of humans to create,
improve and reshape their environment with practical
experimentation, scientific knowledge or technology. It also encouraged re-examination of every aspect of existence.
- Expressive use of colour
- Non-traditional materials
- New techniques and mediums (ex.
- Draws attention to the
processes and materials being
Cubism (1907-1911):
3D objects that are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form. Artists depict the subject from a multitude of viewpoints.

Surrealism (Early 1920's):
Its aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality", especially in art.

Abstract Expressionism (1940's):
Morally loaded themes, heavyweight and tragic on a grand scale, valued individuality, spontaneous improvisation (ex. Jackson Pollock used an "all-over" (anything but a brush) style for his artwork.

Pop art (1950's):
Based on popular images derived from commercial and mass media sources (bold images, manipulated pop images [expansion, repetition])
History Of Modernism
Prior to the 19th century,artists were commissioned to make art by
wealthy patrons or institutions like the church. The artwork during that period mainly depicted religious or mythological scenes. In the 19th century, however, artists began to make art about people, places, and ideas that interested them or which they had direct experience with. This means they ditched old rules of perspective, colour, and composition to work out their own visions.
As the 20th century approached, cubists and surrealists continued
the progression towards abstract art. Pablo Picasso's 1907 artwork
Dance Of The Veils
demonstrated how geometry can express the depths of form. Jackson Pollock used the 'paint splatter' technique for his 1950 artwork
One: Number 31
. In the 1960s, Andy Warhol embodied the plastic nature of pop culture (celebrities and commercial items) with commercial art. This showed a heavy consciousness of change (in terms of art).
Artist: Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)
In the 1930s, Jackson Pollock worked in the manner of
Regionalism, which is a realist modern art movement. He was influenced by Mexican muralist painters and certain aspects of Surrealism. During the Great Depression (1938-1942), Pollock worked for the 'Federal Art Project'.
However, it was not until the mid-1940s when he began
to paint in a completely abstract manner. Pollock affixed his canvas to the floor or wall rather than easels. He poured and dripped paint from his can. Instead of
brushes, Pollock manipulated with 'sticks, trowels or knives', and engaged his entire body throughout the process. Thus, the styles "action painting" and "all-over" painting were born. Not only that, but Pollock also became the 'first abstract painter'.
Five Key Points
1) Rejected traditional art

2) Modernism is more self-

3) Artworks from the past were
"edited" by artists

4) Non-traditional materials
were used

5) New techniques and mediums
were introduced
Wikipedia contributors. "Modernism."
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modernism>.
"What Is Modern Art?." MoMA Learning.
. Web. 20 Mar 2014. <https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/themes/what-is-modern-art>.
. N.p.. Web. 20 Mar 2014. <http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Modernism.html>.
Jirousek, Charlotte. "The Development of Modern Art In the US."
Art, Design, and Visual Thinking
. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar 2014. <http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/fineart/modernus/modernus.htm>.
"Introduction to the Artistic Style of Modern Art."
. N.p.. Web. 27 Mar 2014. <http://www.arthistory.net/artstyles/modernart/modernart1.html>.
Pioch , Nicolas. "Abstract Expressionism."
WebMuseum, Paris
. N.p., 14 Oct 2002. Web. 20 Mar 2014. <http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/tl/20th/abs-expr.html>.
Wikipedia contributors. "Cubism."
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cubism>.
Wikipedia contributors. "Surrealism."
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrealism>.

Wikipedia contributors. "List of modern artists."
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_modern_artists

Jackson Pollock:
Pioch, Nicolas. "Pollock, Jackson ."
WebMuseum, Paris
. N.p., 16 Jul 2002. Web. 20 Mar 2014. <http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/pollock/>.
Wikipedia contributors. " Jackson Pollock."
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_Pollock >.
"Jackson Pollock."
. N.p.. Web. 28 Mar 2014. <http://www.ago.net/pollock>.

Warhol, Andy.
Eight Elvises
. Digital image.
Design Limited Edition
. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2014. <http://designlimitededition.com/the-10-most-expensive-paintings-ever-sold/>.
Pollock, Jackson.
Troubled Queen
. Digital image.
. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2014. <http://euclidsbook.blogspot.ca/2010/04/name-troubled-queen-1945-jackson.html>.
Picasso, Pablo.
. Digital image.
The Artchive
. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. <http://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/picasso/accordst.jpg.html>.
Dalí, Salvador.
Apparition Of Face and Fruit Dish On A Beach
. Digital image.
. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. <http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/salvador-dali/apparition-of-face-and-fruit-dish-on-a-beach.html>.

Wikipedia contributors. "Regionalism (art)."
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regionalism_(art)>.
1) How has Modernism influenced
today's art?

2) What are the four types of
Eight Elvises
(Andy Warhol, 1963)
Troubled Queen
(Jackson Pollock, 1945)
(Pablo Picasso, 1911)
Apparition Of Face and Fruit Dish On A Beach
(Salvador Dalí, 1938)
Chicago Picasso
(Pablo Picasso, 1967)
The Gate
(Hans Hofmann, 1960)
Male and Female
(Jackson Pollock, 1942)
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