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A New Kind of Revolution
Transcript of A New Kind of Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a change in the way goods were produced, from handmade goods to goods made by machines. What in this classroom was not made by a machine?
How do you think the handmade process of making
things was? The invention of machines helped businesses manufacture goods much faster and more cheaply than before.
To manufacture is to make goods from raw materials. By the late 1700's, the Industrial Revolution made its way to the United States.
Samuel Slater began his career as a skilled worker in a cloth factory in Britain, helped bring the Industrial Revolution to the United States. Technology is the way people use new ideas to make tools that improve people's lives.
What does technology do for you? Cyrus McCormick developed a horse-drawn mechanical reaper that could aid in harvesting wheat.
John Deere developed a plow made of steel rather than iron. It could plow through thick soil better than the older plows. People needed better ways to get their products to market.
Settlers heading west also needed better methods of transportation.
In 1811, the federal government began building the National Road. It stretched from Maryland to Illinois.
All roads in this time were harsh travels. Travelers could get stuck in the ruts left by other wagons. Robert Fulton wanted to fix the problem of transportation. He developed a river-boat powered by a steam engine. His boat was named the Clermont. In August 1807, the Clermont set off from New York City to Albany, New York. This journey was 150 miles upstream. Water transportation could carry both goods and people cheaper than road transportation. But rivers did not flow in all parts of the country. Canals were dug through the land and filled with water.
A Canal is a narrow waterway that usually connects other bodies of water. Cotton was the major crop in the South's economy. The harvesting of cotton had been given a huge boost by the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney. The Erie Canal One of the largest canals built in the early 1800's was the Erie Canal. Thousands of workers began digging a ditch that extended from Albany to Lake Erie. In 1825, the Erie Canal opened and allowed for thousands of people to travel from NYC to the midwest. "I can explain the Industrial Revolution and the people involved."