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Structural Functionalism

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Tammy Yang

on 25 September 2013

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Transcript of Structural Functionalism

Structural Functionalism
Brief History
View of Society
Generally, structural functionalism is focused on larger institutes, but smaller groups still follow the same principles.
Edna Chan & Tammy Yang
Sociology 11
2.4
Explaining one of the major perspectives of sociology.
Emile Durkheim (FR)
Talbott Parsons (US)
Alfred Radcliffe-Brown (UK)
Herbert Spencer (UK)
1858-1917
Deemed Father of Sociology
Credited with making sociology a science
Believed science could keep society together
Suggested education brought formed society structures
1820-1903
Helped develop the functionalist perspective
Believed change in society could only take place after all the individuals within it did
Critic of religion because he believed there was no way to test if a greater power is real
Coined the phrase "survival of the fittest" supporting (natural selection)
1902-1979
Had an optimistic view of society
Made concepts that emphasized the importance of cooperation between features of society
Noted that while individuals seek self-satisfaction, their main concern is getting along with other people
Believed that the needs and wants of people are socially derived
1881-1955
Influenced by Durkheim
Linked with functionalism, rejected being called functionalist
Believed if one aspect changed, whole society changed
People were replaceable/had little worth, only significant in relation to their roles in society
Made analogy: social life and organic life (functions work in order for survival)
Developed slowly over time
Especially popular during the 1940's and 1950's
Declined in 1960's
Basic foundation was laid in the late 19th century by Durkheim, in response to evolutionary theorist E.B. Taylor
In the early 20th century, Radcliffe-Brown stated that individuals were only significant in respect to their position
Parsons then developed the status role complex, which expanded on Radcliffe-Brown's belief stated above
Family
Reproduction of people for society
Main source that provides children with values/standards
First interactions/relationships that form adult personalities
Education
Allows people to prepare for future role/job
Socialization of young people
Shapes and unites values
Acts as a link between family and rest of society
Teaches people good citizenship and how to get along with others
Media
Crime
Without crime, there would be no legal system/rules to follow
Punishment for crime allows people to recognize right from wrong
Too high of a crime rate = society will lose balance, people will lose trust and stability
Too low of a crime rate = society has little freedom, individualism
Politics
Maintains social order
Governs all people in society
Power used to achieve goals of society
Economy
in business/working environment, there are hierarchies (bosses, workers, etc)
provides workforce for citizens
different aspects of economy work in harmony (eg. consumer and producer)
Covers politics, universal issues, that affect us as a society
Reflects opinions as a society, and also in subgroups
Shows diversity of cultures, interests
Covers politics, universal issues, etc
What is Structural Functionalism?
States that society is made of group/institutions which share similarities working together in harmony
Social structures (such as class systems) help mold society
Believes dysfunctions are common and can threaten the stability of society
More optimistic than the Conflict Theory
Functionalists study how society manages to stay stable, by adjusting to destructing forces
Example of a Collapse
in structural functionalism
The Russian Revolution - 1917
Working class banded together to end the Tsarist autocracy
Parts of the society weren't working together
Government did not care for it's people
Lack of jobs and horrible conditions for those that did have jobs

Bibliography Part 1
"Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)." Emile Durkheim. N.p., 13 Dec. 2002. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://www.emile-durkheim.com/>.
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"Herbert Spencer." About.com Sociology. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://sociology.about.com/od/Profiles/p/Herbert-Spencer.htm>.
N.d. Photograph. Emile Durkheim. 22 Dec. 2002. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://www.emile-durkheim.com/pics/emile_durkheim.jpg>.
N.d. Photograph. Empoweringldswomen.blogspot.com. 05 Oct. 2011. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-BMp9M2YjafE/TowWPt_lZ1I/AAAAAAAACEk/k5PzK0nJMUc/s1600/Family+clip+art.jpg>.
N.d. Photograph. Http://commons.wikimedia.org. 03 May 2011. Web. 22
Sept. 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:General_Diagram_of_Structural-Functionalism.png>.
N.d. Photograph. Www.123rf.com. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://www.123rf.com/photo_16572301_abstract-word-cloud-for-structural-functionalism-with-related-tags-and-terms.html>.
N.d. Photograph. Www.emersonkent.com. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSbRFIi21AocpCZEXHQuqJAAd7WxBiMsJHvuTpvWWLj3MfWBBfh2w>.
N.d. Photograph. Www.margaretamedia.blogspot.com. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTDgvTZ8W185QjEzM1Rsq7qKKCMmxvOLwwhud7q2bR7sfui7GKwMw>.
N.d. Photograph. Www.mediacriminaljustice.blogspot.com. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_YVTQXuywWWY/TUwJhP9SeEI/AAAAAAAAAUM/OmavcrUtSnY/s1600/violent_crime.png>.
N.d. Photograph. Www.newmediawise.com. 16 Apr. 2012. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://www.newmediawise.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/social-media-sites.png>.
N.d. Photograph. Www.nndb.com. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://www.nndb.com/people/318/000099021/radcliffe-brown-1.jpg>.
N.d. Photograph. Www.sheknows.com. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://cdn.sheknows.com/articles/2011/07/family-at-music-festival.jpg>.
"Notes on Structural Functionalism and Parsons." Notes on Structural Functionalism and Parsons. Sociology 250, 02 Nov. 1999. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/n2f99.htm>.
"Sociological Theory/Structural Functionalism." - Wikibooks, Open Books for an Open World. Wikibooks.org, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sociological_Theory/Structural_Functionalism>.
Sweet, William. "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Spencer, Herbert []. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosphy, 22 Oct. 2004. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://www.iep.utm.edu/spencer/>.
Trueman, Chris. "Concepts of Functionalism." Concepts of Functionalism. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/concepts_functionalism.htm>.
"Young Sociologist." : Talcott Parsons AGIL Paradigm. N.p., 06 Oct. 2011. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. <http://youngsociologist.blogspot.ca/2011/10/talcott-parsons-agil-paradigm.html>.
Bibliography Part 2
Full transcript