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Utah - Presentation

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Eric Dawson

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Utah - Presentation

"Industry" Utah State Geography Was it Worth It? Capital and Largest City: Salt Lake City
Population: 2,855,287
Total Area: 219,887 km2
Highest Peak: Kings Peak (4,120m)
Lowest Point: Beaver Dam Wash (716m) In 1844, Joseph Smith died
More than 11000 Mormons found themselves in conflict until Brigham Young became the leader
Brigham Young and the first band of Mormon pioneers came to the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847
Over the next 22 years, more than 70,000 pioneers crossed the plains and settled in Utah
Brigham Young and the thousands of early settlers of Salt Lake City struggled to survive (the land was desert-like)
The Manifesto ending polygamy happened AFTER the Utah war ended The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (Mormons) The Utah War An Analysis of the Exodus and where Utah is now... Perms Having attained this land, the United States of America benefited in a number of different sectors, some of the strongest being:
Politically
It allowed for more territory to control
It also meant that for the free states, there were more to align with their beliefs, therefore having a stronger pull when it came to decisions in the States
Economically
In the long run, it provided a number of different resources to the United States
It is a major source of income in the tourist sector Fun Facts... The name "Utah" is derived from the name of the Ute tribe and means "people of the mountains" in the Ute language
Hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City
Utah has some of the youngest median populations in the United States
Utah one of the highest birth rates in the United States State Facts Politics: Current Governor is Gary R. Herbert (Republican)
Religious Affiliation: 60% of Utahans are reported to be Mormons
Admission into the Union: January 4, 1896 The Utah war was an armed confrontation between LDS settlers in the Utah Territory (organized by Brigham Young) and the armed forces of the United States
Young and his military prevented the government to enter the territory for more than a year
The conflict was resolved through negotiation Causes Tensions between the north and south were extremely high
President Buchanan wanted to unite the north and the south and prevent war if possible
Upon hearing that the Mormons in Utah were practicing polygamy, and that Brigham Young, second president of the Church was also governor of the territory, Buchanan declared that Mormons were traitors to the US
Declaring them traitors was an attempt to distract the country from tensions over slavery
Congress saw right through what President Buchanan was trying to do, and strongly opposed the Utah War Results Brigham Young replaced as governor of the territory
Full amnesty for charges of sedition and treason issued to the citizens of Utah Territory by President James Buchanan on the condition that they accept U.S. Federal authority. The Original Settlers The first European settlers in Utah were Mormons who had migrated after unrest within their religion and political structure
The Mormons arrived in 1847 while the region was still under Mexican control
Brigham Young (the Mormon leader) petitioned to create a religious State of the Deseret
The Compromise of 1850 (the compromise that decided which states would be slave and which would be free with new territory) instead carved out the Utah territory
The new colonies were incorporated into the Union of the United States after the territory was seized from Mexico (after the Mexican Cession)
Brigham Young became the first governor of the state of Utah
Shortly after, the President of the United States at the time said Young wasn’t fit to government Modern Day Facts As of October 2011, the state's unemployment rate was 7.0%
Approximately 80% of Utah's population lives along the Wasatch Front, centering on Salt Lake City
Utah was Ranked number one in Forbes' list of "Best States For Business" (October 2010)
Tourism is a major industry in Utah (skiing, biking, hiking, etc.) History 45th state to join the Union (January 4, 1896)
Utah was Mexican territory when the first pioneers (the Mormons) arrived in 1847
Before the arrival of European explorers, the Anasazi and the Fremont tribes lived in Utah
The Navajo settled in the region around the 18th century
In the early 20th century, with the establishment national parks, Utah became known for its natural beauty
In 1939, with the establishment of Alta Ski Area, Utah has become world-renowned for its skiing Brigham Young and other Mormon Church leaders believed that the remoteness of Utah would secure the rights of Mormons, and ensure the free practice of their religion
Although the United States had gained control of the settled parts of Alta California and Nuevo México in 1846 in the early stages of the Mexican-American War, legal transfer of the Mexican Cession to the U.S. came only with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ending the war in 1848
Mormon Church leaders understood that they were not "leaving the political orbit of the United States", nor did they want to. When gold was discovered in California thousands of immigrants began moving west on trails that passed directly through territory settled by Mormon pioneers
Although the immigrants brought opportunities for trade, it also ended the Mormons' short-lived isolation Exodus to the Utah Territory President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death
Repeated conflict in their ‘homeland’ of Ohio led Brigham to relocate the Latter-day Saints to a territory in what is now Utah, then part of Mexico.
He founded Salt Lake City when he migrated with the Mormons in 1847
Served as the first governor of the Utah Territory until removed by President Brigham Young YES! The Mormon settlers traveled to Utah because of political unrest within the religion
After Joseph Smith died, the LDS church didn’t have a leader
The LDS church also moved because of pressures from other groups in their home region of Ohio
Many Christian and Catholics didn’t agree with the Latter-Day Saint movement so they shunned the group

In modern day…
Utah has always been a state where religion has a high influence over politics
Due to this, Republicans are almost always voted into congress Politics Economic There were not many economic factors that led to the Mormons leaving the Eastern united States other than new opportunities that they expected could arise
In Modern Day
Utah proved to be an economic gain for the United States for a number of different sectorsPetroleum is a large industry that provides many jobs and a lot of income for the stateCoal production is another huge industry that had benefited the United States as a wholeUtah is also a major tourist area for active adventuresSkiing, snowboarding, mountain biking and hiking are very popular for touristsIt is said that Utah is one of the best states to start businesses Religion The majority of Utahans are Mormons
This is largely due to the fact that the first settlers were primarily a part of the LDS church
The reason for expansion to Utah was because of unrest within the LDS religion
In Modern Day
Due to the fact that the majority of Utahans are Mormon, they most often align themselves with Republicans
The Mormons take up over 60% of the Utah population so the society is fairly conservative and dedicated to their faiths Social By migrating towards the West from their previous homes, the Mormon Utahans were able to create a new society which conformed to their values rather than the other way around
They could make decisions based on the church, rather than in ways that were more political
In Modern Day…Utah is still primarily Mormon, so many of the reasons for high birth rates, high marriage rates and low divorce rates is due to thisThe State also has one of the most dedicated religious populations in the country Military While there was not a specific militarist reason for the Mormons to flee to Utah territory, they did use military forces during the Utah War
During the war, the LDS church members were using military tactics to fight for their church leader to maintain political power
In Modern Day… It has been estimated that there are more than 18,000 Utahans involved in current day US military operationsThere currently are a number of Military bases located in the State of Utah 1915 Utah passes first state anti-marijuana law

In Modern Day
Marijuana is still illegal state-wide in Utah
But Legal in neighboring Colorado The Rights of Women 1870 – Utah Territory enfranchises Women
1882 - Edmunds Act passed by Congress making it unlawful to cohabitate
1887 - Edmunds-Tucker Act is passed by Congress. Congress denies women in Utah right to vote
1896 – When Utah joins the United States women regain the right to vote Travel and Tourism Tourism is a major industry in Utah and is well known for its year-round outdoor and recreational activities among other attractions. Utah is well known for its winter activities and has seen an increase in tourism since the 2002 Winter Olympics
Other attractions include:
Monument Valley
The Great Salt Lake
The Bonneville Salt Flats
Lake Powell.
The Moab area, in the southeastern part of the state, is known for its challenging mountain biking trails, including Slickrock (A popular mountain biking destination with worldwide fame) Mining Beginning in the late 19th century with the state's mining boom, companies attracted large numbers of immigrants with job opportunities. Since the days of the Utah Territory mining has played a major role in Utah's economy
Including the Bingham Canyon Mine, among the world's largest open pit mines
Minerals mined in Utah include:
Copper
Gold
Silver
Zinc
Lead Coal
Petroleum
Natural Gas Bibliography Education, U Religious, and March 29. "3. The Church and the Utah War, 1857–58 | Religious Studies Center." Religious Studies Center. BYU, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. http://rsc.byu.edu/archived/nineteenth-century-saints-war/3-church-and-utah-war-1857%E2%80%9358
State of Utah. "Utah History to Go." Utah History to Go. State of Utah, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. http://historytogo.utah.gov/
State of Utah. "Utah State History." Utah State History. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. http://history.utah.gov/
Wikipedia. "Utah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., 26 Jan. 2013. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UtahWikipedia.
"Utah War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 10 Jan. 2013. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utah_WarUniversity of Utah.
"Utah History Encyclopedia." Utah Education Network. University of Utah, Web. 27 Jan. 2013. http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/
Carter, Patrick. "Manifest Destiny (1828-1850)." American history. Toronto, Ont.: Emond Montgomery Publications, 2008. 157-158. Print.
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