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Portfolio 2010-2011

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Hailey Freeman

on 13 June 2011

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Transcript of Portfolio 2010-2011

Extra Credit essay: Museum of Man (Replacement of Personal Reflection) Colleges PORTFOLIO PROJECT ORDER: PERSONAL REFLECTION WORLD EVENTS LOCAL EVENTS RELIGIONS FOOD WORLD GOVERNMENTS JOBS AND EDUCATION COLLEGES AND FUNDING SOURCES OP-ED/LETTER TO THE EDITOR 1. Oxford Faculty of Music
2. Stanford: Engineering School
3.University of Southern California
4.University of California: LA
5. University of Oregon
6.New School of Architecture and Design
7. University of San Diego
8. Duke University
9. Harvar Engineering School
10.Columbia University of New York One of the largest and liveliest music departments in the country, and an internationally renowned centre of musical teaching and research. The Faculty came top of the ‘research power’ rankings in the most recent (2008) Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), with 50% of its research rated as ‘world-leading’ and the largest number of research active staff submitted by any Higher Education Institution in the UK.

Admissions
Both the Faculty of Music, and many of theOxford colleges offer travel grants to both undergraduates and postgraduates. These can be to help with the costs of attending an academic conference, a research trip, or to help with the cost of a 'worthy' holiday (for example, a trip to Venice in preparation for studying the music of St. Mark's might well be considered favourably by a college grant-making committee).

The Board of the Faculty of Music, through its Performance Committee, administers a departmental fund (the Performance Fund) established to assist musical performances in the University involving junior members. Applications to the Fund are invited for activities planned for academic year 2010-11.

The term ‘Musicology’ is understood in the Oxford Faculty (as in the UK system in general) in a very inclusive fashion, embracing historical musicology, music theory and analysis, opera studies, critical musicology, performance studies, the musicology of popular music and film music, the history and analysis of recorded music, music and gender, empirical musicology, and music and dance.

Oxford seeks to attract the best and brightest applicants irrespective of background. We encourage and welcome applications from all kinds of candidates, whatever their age, nationality or schooling. There is no such thing as an ‘Oxford type’: the only two essential criteria are a dedication to and passion for your subject, and a dedication to learning. If you think you meet these criteria, then we are interested in you, and you should seriously be considering applying to us! Oxford Faculty of Music From the founding of Stanford in 1891, engineering has been a core of the university's education and research programs. The School of Engineering was founded in 1925, and over more than eight decades Stanford engineers have driven uncounted technological innovations, fostered the development of the technology industry in California, and helped found more than 800 companies.

Stanford University is committed to being a leader in the research, teaching and institutional practice of environmental sustainability.

Goals:
-advance sustainability knowledge
-reduce greenhouse gas emissions
-foster land stewardship
-conserve water resources
-create environmentally sound buildings
-encourage alternative transportation
-minimize waste
-purchase sustainably

Admissions:
-Undergraduate: All undergraduates apply and are admitted to the university as a whole. Stanford believes strongly in the benefits of a broad-based education, so students are encouraged to sample widely from the abundant array of course offerings, and are not required to declare a major until the beginning of junior year.
-Graduates: Students interested in School of Engineering graduate programs apply directly to a particular department. Many of the admission requirements are common to all departments, but specific requirements, deadlines, and contacts vary. STANFORD: ENGINEERING SCHOOL Located in the heart of Los Angeles, the University of Southern California is one of the nation's major private research universities. Since its founding in 1880, USC has conferred degrees on more than a quarter-million students-leaders who have helped southern California grow to become a national trendsetter in architecture, public policy, engineering, economics, business affairs, scientific research, law, cinema, education, and health care. Today, USC and its graduates continue a tradition of leadership by developing innovative ideas, exploring new fields of scholarly investigation, and establishing a widening network among Pacific Rim partners.
USC was founded in 1880. It has been on the same site since then and is currently 155 acres. Three miles south of the Los Angeles Civic Center campus is adjacent to the museums and parks of Exposition Park. Nearby freeways provide access to most cultural, business and recreational areas of southern California. There are 132 buildings on campus including an excellent collection of Italian-Romanesque style buildings. Situated in one of the most exciting and dynamic cities in the country, the university has made a commitment to the urban environment of Los Angeles and is enthusiastic about the opportunities it provides students to participate in the future of our city. This interaction of academia and community creates an unparalleled laboratory to engage the problems and possibilities of urban settings. USC is also one of the safest urban campuses in the United States. This has been accomplished through joint programs with our neighbors and campus programs that provide students with excellent personal safety and security.

Portfolio Requirements:
1. A design portfolio is a compilation of one’s own work which demonstrates past creative and graphic ability.  It should include drawings and photographs of models from past architectural or design studios as well as any professional work you have done.
Applicants to the Master of Historic Preservation program may submit a portfolio consisting of writing samples, articles, published essays, or case study examples.
 Applicants to the Master of Building Science program may submit a portfolio consisting of papers, projects, computer programs, web sites, or other materials which demonstrate technical competence, research skills, or appropriate knowledge or talents. 
A portfolio is not required of applicants to the Certificate programs.  If  a portfolio is submitted, it will be reviewed.
2. All work must be submitted in a bound format.  The portfolio should not be larger than 8.5” x 11”.  All work submitted should be reproductions of the original work and any three-dimensional work, such as sculpture or models, must be presented in photographs.  Do not submit original drawings, slides, loose sheets or oversized binders.  Portfolios for the Building Science program may be submitted in electronic format or posted to an accessible website of the applicant's choice.
3. Label the portfolio with your name, address, USC ID number, and e-mail address.  Include a table of contents listing everything being submitted.  Also, each project should be labeled indicating when and where the work was produced, such as semester and year, studio level, project duration, where the project was built, etc.
4. Include the portfolio cover page.  Please note that the portfolio cover page requires a USC ID number.  Once you have submitted your application online, USC will email you with an USC ID number.  Please allow several days for the USC ID to arrive by email.
5. Please remember that the selection committee will be reviewing the portfolios for the quality of work, not the quantity.  It will be very important to present your work in a clear and coherent manner, and it is wise to limit the number of projects to a maximum of ten projects, showing your best and indicative work.
6. Think of your portfolio as a design problem.  You want it to look good but also to be easy to look at.  The images should be clear.  Orient the pieces in the same direction. University of Southern California Grants:
Most fellowship and grant awards are for one academic year (three terms or two semesters). Entering students may, however, receive offers covering all the years of study through degree attainment. Some federally funded awards provide additional summer coverage. Departmental fellowships and grants are awarded in varying amounts and may include fees and nonresident tuition. Awards are competitive and open to all graduate students. Recipients of fellowships, traineeships and grants must maintain satisfactory progress throughout their tenure. They must be registered and enrolled each quarter for a minimum of 12 units and are expected to devote full-time to study and research.

On Campus Housing:
The student's housing application and non-refundable $30 fee are received prior to 4 p.m., Sunday, May 1, 2011.
The student's Statement of Intent to register is submitted to the Admissions Office on time.
The student's initial housing payment and all remaining payments are made by the deadlines stated in the online housing offer.
The student resides in UCLA Housing and agrees to the terms and conditions stated in the 2011-2012 Academic Year Contract.

Undergraduate in Design and Media Arts
The Design Media Arts (DMA) undergraduate program emphasizes innovative creation with digital and mass media within the context of a public research university. The curriculum features a solid foundation in form, color, space, motion, and interactivity, followed by a broad selection of area studies courses in 3D modeling and animation, gaming, interactive media, networked media, sound, video, and visual communication. This uniquely challenging and diverse program invites students to balance aesthetic sensibility with logical reasoning, formal theories with practical application, and contemporary thought with historical perspective. Most courses are taught as studios of no more than eighteen students, which encourages individual growth and fosters a sense of community within the department. Rather than focusing on narrow professional development, our curriculum fosters experimentation across a range of different media. We privilege a social outlook, process, experimentation, and personal growth over conservatism and commercialism and we search for students who share the same goals. We strive to provide a broad education that encourages young people to make new connections, to analyze complex situations, and to think critically. UCLA About: The circular Oregon O is the ultimate symbol for learning, an unending process throughout your life.
The University of Oregon is all about energy and education, action and adventure, opportunities and outcomes. The UO’s commitment to academic excellence draws well-rounded students and faculty members to the university’s 263 comprehensive academic programs, many of which rank number one in Oregon and among the top 20 in the nation.

Architecture and Allied Arts (AAA)
In the School of Architecture and Allied Arts (AAA), you’ll learn about design of the built environment, help communities grow and change, and take responsibility for sustainable development. Through the multi-disciplinary structure represented by the departments and programs comprising the AAA school, you’ll be part of a diverse, learning community. Within the school, you can focus on architecture, interior architecture, landscape architecture, historic preservation, and planning, public policy, and management, as well as related programs in art, digital arts, product design, art history, and arts and administration.

Enrollment fifty percent of SAT scores Total-23,389 Critical Reading:490-610
Math: 500-610
Writing: 490-600
Undergraduates-19,534
Graduates-3,855
Full-time-21,022
Part-time-2,366

Gender Age of undergraduate students
Male: 11, 485 Average age: 22
Female: 11, 904 Average age of freshmen:19 University of Oregon Requirements:

Graduation from a recognized high school, or acceptable evidence of comparable academic achievement
A high school cumulative grade point average of 2.5
A completed application form with application fee.

Tuition: Architecture
$7,665 per quarter for full time status ( 12 to 18 units per quarter)
$667 per unit over 18 in a quarter
$667 per unit for part time status (less than 13 units per quarter)
Other Fees:
$75 Application fee
$250 Late registration fee
$50 fee to drop/ add a course
$25 late payment fee
$35 return check fee
$10 transcript fee
$250 graduation fee( includes official transcript, theses processing, commencement ceremony fees, degree audit, and thesis exhibition)
$500 course challenge fee
$0.25 overdue library book fee( charged per day)
$25 student ID replacement fee

The Campus:
Located in in the heart of Downtown San Diego’s East Village, this campus was once old industrial buildings now, contemporary, sometimes sustainable office and studio space. NSAD’s 83,000 square foot campus os comprised of design studios, classrooms, technology an dproject labs, a student center, and the library; sometimes accessible ot students 24/7 and are up to date with federal, states, and local ordinances, including regulations for fire safety, building safety and health. New School of Architecture and Design Art and Science:
The Master of Arts Program in International Relations (MAIR) offers a 30-unit curriculum of comparative politics and international relations. The goals of the program are to allow students to pursue advanced understanding of world politics and to enhance their career options in a wide array of international fields, including government, education, private business, and non-governmental organizations. USD also offers a joint degree (MA/JD) in conjunction with the School of Law; interested students need to apply for admission to the two programs separately.
Art, Architecture and Art History
The architecture major is a pre-professional program leading up to a bachelors degree within a four year course. The primary goal of the major is to introduce architecture as a cultural practice that structures both the physical and social environment. This course go’s through architecture history, analysis and design. The architecture major also prepares student for graduate programs in architecture and the allies fields such as landscape architecture, interior design, urban design, urban planning, historic preservation, art and architecture history.

Tuition:
38,150 per school year or 19,075 per semester
Part time: 1,315 per unit, for up to 11 units
Additional fees required for undergraduate students
Average cost of room and board per school year is $11,000 University of San Diego Art, Art History and Visual Studies:
The department of Art, Art History, and Visual Studies at Duke University currently offers an interdisciplinary PhD program in the History of Art, a MFA in Experimental and Documntary Arts, and a JD/MA in law and History of Art. The PhD program is committed to preparing students for advanced research in the global visual cultures of the past and present for advanced research inj the global visual cultures of the past and present. The department recognizes that visual literacy plays an increasingly important role in negotiating contemporary society.

The first-year class comprises some 1,400 Trinity College students and 250 students from the Pratt School of Engineering; the total undergraduate student body numbers approximately 6,500. Over 80 percent of our undergraduates enroll in Trinity College, and all undergraduate students take courses in Trinity College. Duke University FOOD 1.Fast Food Franchises: Effects on our Growing World
2.Face the Trash: How much More Can the Environment Take
3. Recipe: Middle Eastern Eggplant Casserole
4. Ethiopian Food: The Experience
5. History of Tamales
6.McDonalds: Image and Health
7. The History of Sushi
8. Snack Food and Globalization Globalization…our world is becoming more advanced and connected every moment and it has become inevitable to escape its effects. First world countries and a growing amount of developing countries have a fast food chain business within their borders. Today there are more than 500,000 fast food chains worldwide and at the top of this line up, McDonalds. People can turn towards fast food as an inexpensive, fast solution to solve hunger. Though the effects of purchasing fast food go beyond health problems. Yes consuming a hamburger containing a thousand calories with a side of fries and a coke is detrimental to one health, but the impact on the environment and economy is even more so.
Fast food packaging accounts for twenty percent of the world’s trash, the rest is mainly trash bags, packaging, paper, and diapers. So why is it an issue that needs to be addressed, why does it matter now? The fact is, as the world grows closer together, and even less diverse, as everyone wants the latest fashion, the coolest technology, there is a limited amount of time before most every country in the world has a Burger King and McDonalds three blocks away from each other. Plus as counties like India and China face major overpopulation and gender ratio problems, it is only a matter of time before globalization “naturally” takes its toll on the worlds environment and economy. Fast Food Franchises: Effects on our Growing World Everything is disposable, but where does it in fact go. Most people don’t think past properly throwing away their garbage, but where is the trash supposed to go from there? Styrofoam take out boxes and plastic bags cannot be recycled, easily. So, since there are not recycling cans every place there is a trash can, the general can expect the companies to me making personal strides to reduce waste. The leading company PepsiCo states that it encourages “conservation of natural resources, recycling, source reduction and pollution control to ensure cleaner air and water and to reduce landfill wastes,” (PepsiCo foundation website) As the worlds largest food and beverage company, PepsiCo is an example of just one company putting forth efforts to reduce water use, waste, and environmental impact. Face the Trash: How much More Can the Environment Take ( Food and Environment Combonation) 2 med. Eggplants
8 roma tomatoes
2 cans garbanzo beans
2 large yellow sweet onions
5 cloves of garlic
1 bunch parsley
1 13 oz can tomato sauce
bread crumbs
Ramono cheese
Olive oil
1. Heat oven to 400
2. Slice eggplant in half long way then slice into 1in halves and layer on baking sheet with olive oil and salt....bake for 20 min
3. Slice onions into rings and chop garlic...sauté together in olive oil for 10 min...
Drain garbanzo beans and add to onions and garlic....sauté for another 15 min...
4. In deep baking dish 9x13 or so cover bottom with bread crumbs
5. Place a layer of eggplant then a layer of sliced tomatoes, then a layer of onion and bean mix, sprinkle with parsley.
6.Grate ramono and mix into bowl with bread crumbs....sprinkle over parsley a good layer...then cover with half can of tomato sauce....start again with eggplant and do another layer....top the thing with a last layer of crumbs and cheese and cook uncovered at 450 for 40 min or until it browns.
7. Enjoy!
I have really enjoyed this recipe for its simplicity and goodness. It is so filling and quite healthy for how good it tastes. When we found this recipe, we were a little worried about how it would turn out, but in the end it was amazing. I recommend this to anyone, even those who are meat eaters because this is just a warm comfort food that is guilt free. I could compare it to veggie lasagna, but it tastes way better since it is infused with a Mediterranean taste. It was also super easy to make and it make great leftovers. Recipe: Middle Eastern Eggplant Casserole A meal in Ethiopia is an experience. A traditional Ethiopian dinner consists of one or two of the guests are seated at a low comfortable table. The other guests are then seated round the table on stools about eight inches higher. Then
The mesab is taken out of the room and returned shortly with the domed cover. She removes the dome and the table is covered with what looks like a gray cloth overlapping the edge of a huge tray. But it is not a "tablecloth" at all. It is the Injera, the sourdough pancake-like bread of Ethiopia. Food is brought to the table in enamel bowls and portioned out on the "tablecloth!" When the entire Injera is covered with an assortment of stews, etc., you tear off a piece about two or three inches square and use this to "roll" the food in-the same way you would roll a huge cigarette. Then just swoop it up and pop it into your mouth. Your host might "pop" the first little "roll" in your mouth for you. It takes a bit of doing to accomplish this feat but once you master it, you cannot help enjoy it.
Afterward an amber-colored honey wine is normally served, post meal. It is put on a little table close by. Or the host may bring a weakly carbonated water or Tella, the homemade beer.
earn that you are eating Chicken Wat and Lamb Wat-two peppery stews- Iab-cottage cheese and yogurt with special herbs giving it an acidic lemon flavor; and Kitfo-ground raw beef, which we are told is considered the dessert of the meal.
No other dessert is served. Coffee comes in on a tray in tiny Japanese cups served black with sugar.
Dinner is concluded with hand-washing again and incense is burned. Ethiopian Food: The Experience Origins of Tamales: Tamales originated in Mexico, in the pre-Columbus era of the Latin American region. The history of tamales starts with nixtamalization, which is processing of corn with wood ashes to make it softer. They did this so the corn was far easier to digest and also saves more nutrients to be absorbed when eating.

Here are some varieties of traditionally made tamales:

Culiacan, Sinaloa - Everyday varieties include tamals made of small, sweet brown beans, pineapple and corn. Special occasion versions are large and made with both meat and vegetables.

Veracruz - Tamales made of fresh corn and pork seasoned with hoja santa. Other styles include banana-leaf wrapped masa with chicken and hoja santa.

Oaxaca - Large tamales wrapped in banana leaves spiced with their regional specialty "black mole". They also do a corn husk variety with other moles including green or yellow with small black beans and chepil (a herb).

Monterrey - This region prefers a small tamal that uses both smooth or coarse dough which includes shredded meat and red chilies.

Yucatan - Achiote is a favored seasoning. Many tamales from this region are quite large and cooked either in a pit or baked in the oven. The dough is made of smooth-ground masa and fillings include chicken and pork, or a combination. Another version is called the vaporcitos, a simple thin layer of masa on a banana leaf, steamed. Tamales colads, a thin dough with fillings of chicken, tomato and achiote.

San Cristobal de las Casa, Chiapas - A banana leaf wrapped version called tamales untados, filled with pork and a mole.

Michoacan - Specialties include corundas wrapped in fresh corn leaves and unfilled.

North Western Mexico - Both Diana Kennedy and Rick Bayless write of the huge three or four foot long tamales called zacahuiles made with very coarsely ground masa with flavorings of red chile, pork and wrapped in banana leaves. These monstrous tamales are baked in wood heated ovens in specialty restaurants, normally on weekends. The History of Tamales: When driving by a McDonalds, what’s the first thing that comes to mind? The thought that it’s a cheap and easy solution to your grumbling stomach, or that its an overdose on sodium and fat. By simply knowing the difference in what is an easy solution, and what is a healthy one, it can be simpler then thought to satisfy your hunger.

Image:
McDonald’s the biggest burger franchise in the world, with restaurants in 122 countries and over 31,000 locations worldwide. They have strived in their charity work with The Ronald McDonald House of Charity, in which they provide housing to families that live far away from their children’s hospital and cant afford to stay elsewhere. They have over 290 locations in 52 countries, helping families, keeping them together, and making it just a bit easier to get through the rough times with a sick child.

Health:
McDonalds spending on advertising has surpassed $570 million annually, mainly directed to a young audience. By coaxing parents to believe they will be making their child happy and be giving them a nutritious variety of food, including a pack of chicken nuggets, a chocolate milk and french fries, and don’t forget the happy meal toy, they have fallen in a franchise marketing hole. This can also translate to; 580 calories with 26 grams of fat, 5 grams of saturated fat, and 720 milligrams of sodium, and don’t forget the plastic toy that was made by a worker making less the $20 a month to support a family in a third world country.
There may seem to be some benefit to making the occasional trip to your local Mc’D’s, but with childhood obesity at an astounding historic high, with one in four children in the United States today suffering from this potentially life threatening disease, there stands a fine line in making a good choice. McDonalds: Image and Health Sushi dates back as far as the fourth century in southeast Asia. At this point in time it was prepared with salted, preserved fish, and fermented with rice, both which was a fantastic protein source. The two would be stored for months at a time and then would be eaten, and the rice that was surrounding it would be thrown out. This style of sushi is called nare-zushi. Throughout time this way to preserving fish spread throughout China, and later to Japan. During the Heian when Japan first was introduced to it, at the time they enjoyed eating the fish slightly raw and with rice. This style is referred to seisei-sushi, and became much more popular at the end of the Muromachi Period. The History of Sushi: Every region of the world has developed it own culture, its own distinct flavor. Today with globalization affecting nearly every corner of the world, and the physical distance of each location feeling virtually smaller and smaller, there is simply less distinction between regions as it used to be.

Examples in the world today:
In India, Women are forced to work tedious hours and earn few wages for their long working hours. An ecofeminist states, “ women work tow-thirds of the world’s working hours, produce half the worlds food, but earn only percent of the worlds income, and own less than one percent of the world’s property (Tomlinson).” Snack Food and Globalization: JOBS AND EDUCATION NEEDED 1.Architect
2.Farmer
3.School Teacher
4.Lawyer
5.Engineer BEST LOCATION: Barcelona, Spain; Beijing, China; Istanbul, Turkey; Chicago, USA; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Athens Greece; Rome, Italy

JOB DESCRIPTION: Design and plan out buildings, or structures. This job includes much more then a buildings appearance, an architect must ensure that the structure will be safe and meet the necessary regulations for the area (if its in an earthquake prone area then the plans must meet earthquake safe standards)

MONEY MADE: Average of $60,000 and after monthly taxes $49,000

EDUCATION: Degree in architecture, building permit and license

HELPFUL COURSES: Architectural theory, building design, math, and science. An internship is also very helpful ARCHITECT: BEST LOCATION: Denver Colorado;Kent County, Maryland; Ellis County, Kansas; Livingston County, Missouri

JOB DESCRIPTION: Farmers are those who grow crops and raise animals for food. They have a complex job of knowing when to harvest, plant and fertilize crops to make a substantial profit.

MONEY MADE: Salary Ranges from $25,600 to $49,100 with a profit sharing of $4,400 to $24,000

EDUCATION: College degree in Sustainable Agriculture, but not necessary.

HELPFUL COURSES: Courses in farm management and farm science would be helpful. FARMER: BEST LOCATION: Georgia, Connecticut, California, New Jersey, Illinois, Rhode Island

JOB DESCRIPTION: Teachers are responsible for providing education to students and give them the knowledge to be able to achieve the potential for intellectual growth.

MONEY MADE: A high school teacher makes an average of $43,000, a middle school teacher $42,000, and an elementary school makes an average of $40,000(annually).

EDUCATION: Need a minimum of a Bachelor’s Degree in Education teaching and age grade levels hat are going to be taught require different degrees.

HELPFUL COURSES: These courses along with a BEd Curriculum planning and instruction,
educational leadership,
curriculum and technology.
Instructional technology,
educational administration, and
special education. SCHOOL TEACHER BEST LOCATION: Chicago; Los Angeles; D.C

JOB DESCRIPTION: Lawyers are those who serve as advocates a a client to provide feasible evidence in court. They are also advisers to their clients by providing them with the knowledge of their legal rights. Lawyers can interpret laws and draft new laws. Lawyers need to research precedents to support their interpretation of a law.

MONEY MADE: The average yearly salary of a US lawyer is $90,300 annually with monthly taxes. Pay can range from as low as $44,000 to a high of $146,000.

EDUCATION: Majoring for pre-law students Includes English and rhetoricAnd a Juris Doctor.

HELPFUL COURSES: Passing the Law School Administrations Test. LAWYER In knowing that the bacterial outbreak began either from Spanish imported produce to Germany, or produce from its own country, it seems clear that Germany officials need to go a bit deeper in the problem. Though it is not an exact science, and it’s not easy to back track where every crate of produce has come from, there should be more of a push then just stating it came from those countries and the shipment of their production should just be put to a halt. Like in the past, with other case of E. Coli outbreaks the food simply goes to waste, and this can lead to major money losses for the company accounting for the outbreak. They could go out of business, and though there is surely enough produce to replace it, the price of the food in particular may go up for a period of time.
In addition to having Chinese scientists research the strand of E. Coli, they have labeled it as a “super toxin”. They quoted that they never had seen anything like it before, yet it was later stated that it had also been found in the Central African Republic and its symptoms. This is contradiction. It may be a new “super toxin” in the European region, but worldwide, this statement stands false. Overall, very informative and easy to read, with hopes that both Spain and Germany don’t have any more losses. Letter to the editor Re:E. Coli Strain Was Previously Unknown, Official Says This is quite interesting by the fact that there is such a collision in modern art and scientific technology. The world science festival now sounds greatly interesting in the fact that it has been made to sound so interactive. Also it was quiet interesting to start out talking about the achievements and brief description of the scientist Antoine Lavoisier who discovered the combustion of oxygen. It sounds interesting that the science festival actually has a panel where they display this odd combination. By adding music to the mix as well make this event sound just as much more enjoyable.
Its also interesting how Lavoisier is written about; a successful chemist who was happily married to his wife, yet he was corrupt with his spending. “A measure of Lavoisier’s social and financial position, Dr. Galitz said, was that he paid more for the portrait of himself and his wife than had the king, Louis XVI, for one of his own.” In the end he was beheaded, and was unfortunate, but even more so since he was such a brilliant mind to the country of France. RE: A Double Helix of Art and Science
By DENNIS OVERBYE The Story of I am Nujood, Age Ten and Divorced follows the struggles and constant battles a young girl has from trying to escape the clutches of her husband. Najood grew up living in the small Arabian village of Khardji, as a young, innocent daughter of Ali Mohammad al-Ahdel. Living in such an isolated location, the only way of connection to the closest major city, Sana, was by mule. When Najood’s sister Mona was married off and Najood’s father was accused of ruining the reputation of Khardji, the family was then forced to immediately leave the village. They then moved to Sana, the capital where the family continued to struggle. Najood’s brother Fares started to change once they moved to the capital, demanding items from his parents that cost more than their monthly salary and threatening them if they didn’t provide his requests. Najood had always admired Fares for his ambition and strong will, and when he suddenly left after an argument with his father, the family was devastated. With funds running low and no other options, Najood was married off to a man that took appeal to her. It was a February evening of 2008 that her father told her the sudden “good” news she had no option in, she were to be married off to a complete stranger. The story follows Najood in her escapade to be divorced form her husband. Her father had originally granted marriage to Najood if the man to be her husband would not lay a hand on her until she reached puberty. This deal did not follow through, and Najood had to suffer through the demand of her body and live an agonizing and tiring life as his wife, forced to due chores consistently and appeal to her husbands demands. As a married girl Najood had no rights to anything she had desired; to play with the children outside, to complain, or say no. After weeks of trying to convince her husband to let her visit her family back in the city, he finally complied. Once there, Najood begged her father and the men of the family to help her, but they simply replied with it was her duty as a wife now and that it would ruin the reputation of the family if she were to complain. She went to her fathers other wife, as her last resort for help. She was then told she could be divorced at the court house. There she met a lawyer who took Najood under her wing, to make sure she was to be protected and no longer married. With the help of this lawyer and the court Najood was able to win her case and divorce her husband, starting a new life. She then was enrolled in school getting the chance to become an educated women. Act 1 Scene 4
In one sentence…
Without this scene it would be nearly impossible to understand the relationship between Horatio and Hamlet, and why they are disputing with little events.

Quote Lines…
“He waxes desperate with imagination.” I found this quote both to be a slightly offensive to the well being of Hamlet and a complete unmasking of the dispute between them. He acts as though Hamlet is insane, but he was one of the men to initially point it out to him.

Describe your reaction…
Horatio act like he has a doubled personality, he agrees with and follows everything Hamlet says, then immediately afterwards he talks behind his back to Marcellus about how crazy he is. This is probably a foreshadower for an event that make take place in their relationship later on.

Act 1 Scene 5
Ask Questions…
1.What does his father ghost mean by “Doom’d for a certain term to walk the nigh, And for the day confin’d to fast in fires.”?
2. Was the father murdered?
3. Will Hamlet have his mind set on the fact that his father might have been murdered, and end up seeking revenge on his uncle and/or mother?

Comment in one sentence…
This scene is crucial to the play for it comprises the essential information Hamlet gained form meeting with his fathers ghost, plus it is a main event of the entire play.

Talk about the relationship…
The fathers ghost and Hamlet clearly have strong and defined relationship, even after death. Hamlet talks to his father as though he were still alive, expecting to get as much information out of him that is possible, but unfortunately his father had to leave at daybreak. Of Mice and Men Ch. 1General Questions:1.George-small and quick, dark of face, with restless eyes and sharp, strong features. Every part of him was defined: small, strong hands, slender arms, a thin and bony nose. Lenny-a huge man, shapeless of face, with large, pale eyes, with wide sloping shoulders, and he walked heavily.2.For Lenny not to drink so much of the river water. 3.Lenny had just wanted to feel a ladies dress and wouldn’t let go, so he was accused for molest. They had to get out of Weed or Lenny would be put in jail. 4. Lenny has a dead mouse in his pocket that he keeps as a pet, to pet.5. George could have a job, a nice house with a wife and kids, and have no worries. 6.George freaks out and says he doesn’t want Lenny to leave, cause he knows he will starve or get shot if he were to live up alone in a cave. 7. George and Lenny are different because they are a team, and nobody really travels together. They also have a future, and aren’t just going to where they can land a job. 8. They are going to own a little plot of land which they can live off of. They will also have a pen of rabbits. 9. Not to say a word at the ranch and to go back the river if he ever gets in trouble. 10. They wasn’t to stay so they will start off early for the full weekend.

Summary:The beginning of Mice and Men is about the journey the two main characters George and Lenny had to cope with that day. The two set up camp no their way to a ranch they were soon going to work for. The camp was only a quarter mile away from the ranch. The two started to discuss their dreams for their own piece of land and how they would raise rabbits on the land too. George kept trying to keep Lenny from petting a dead mouse in his pocket and finally threw it across the river. Important Event:The important event of this chapter was the dispute over the mouse. It seems to have played a vital role in their past; how George has always been on top of Lenny about killing mice. George promised to get Lenny a puppy if he would stop carrying mice around.

Illustration: In my own words:This is an imitation of Lenny petting the dead mouse as they walk along the beaten path through the forest down to the riverbed.

Figurative Language:1. “On the sandy bank under the trees the leaves lie deep and so crisp that a lizard makes a great skittering if he runs among them.”-pg 1 center of page2. “Lenny dabbed his big paw in the water and wiggled his fingers so the water arose I little splashes; rings widened across the pool to the other side and came back again.”-pg 3 ph 43. “George lay back on the sand and crossed his hands under his head, and Lenny imitating him, raising his head to see whether he were doing it right.”-pg7 ph 8

Question: It Says: I Say: And So…What is the Theme? Well we ain’t got no ketchup. You go get wood.” Forget about luxuries and work for your keep. The theme of the chapter is that you need to work for the things you want, and work 2x for luxuries.Who is the Protagonist? “No-Look! I was just foolin’ cause I want you to stay.” George is having an internal conflict with himself. George is just trying to create a better life for the two of them. Who is the Antagonist? “You know…damn well what I want. I want that mouse.” Lenny is a suborn character who has been getting in the way of George in advancing in life and a career. George continuously tries to show Lenny the way things could be if he just behaved. How so reckless you seem to be today
And with your plans for more than can be done
We can laugh out loud and as you would say
Charlie Sheens “winning”, having so much fun
Don't need more than sugar and some techno
And a bit of facebook while your at it
While still awaiting to have your lightshow
Its funny you still haven't had a fit
I'll have my story and you'll have your side
Of the awesome friendship we have now bound
Hold on! Switch we're going for a bike ride
Through Chula Vista, do another round
Hanging and doing the fun things we choose
Swear you are one friend I will never loose. The completion of Assyrian dictionary after almost a century, 90 years, is a monumental accomplishment. How much work must have gone into the creation of it, not just writing it, and publishing, but recovering the tablets in the first place and being able to depict them. 90 years for such a task, recovering an ancient language and creating a reference of it, does not sound unreasonable, but what it must have been for those working on it this entire time, the tedious waking hours they went through, sound completely painstaking. As it was made pretty clear in the article, it is appreciated everywhere that the world has people like this who spend their lives dedicated to producing that contributes to the education of the world in out history. Ancient world dictionary finished — after 90 years
By SHARON COHEN, AP National Writer Summary : The Little Friend
The Little Friend by Donna Tartt is about a girl named Harriet and her search in perusing her brothers murdered. It takes place during the 1970’s and its summer down south. Her and her friend Hely spend the summer catching snakes, getting into trouble and enjoying the creek. One incident where Hely goes down to he creek even after he invited Harriet to come with him, where there were a few men who were shooting off guns, having one almost hit Hely. When he reported this to Harriet, Harriet became even more determined to have Danny Ratliff caught. One delay in her pursuits the rumored fact that the Ratliff boys prefer to be in jail. As Harriet becomes even more saturated in her determination, trying to kill Danny Ratliff with a cobra, and instead nearly killing his grandma, drowning, having him shot, and having a caesura herself. With all the difficulties of trying to solve her brother murder it finally paid off. Collapse by Jared Diamond shows a very wide array of examples for civilizations collapsing or thriving even today. Using examples like the Mayans sudden disappearance, or the deforestation effects of Norse Greenland make understanding even why Modern Countries are slowly failing. Talking about each section would be retelling the book, but a brief description of each will be enough. Essentially starting off with how societies in the past managed Diamond analyzes the little details which major affected the societies. Noticing patterns in climate, taking into account geographic resources, and neighborly relationships were what affected early civilizations. With modern day societies Diamond focuses mainly on warfare, environmental distress , and emigrational issues, for example the amount of people which a region can support based off of environmental resources and exports to other countries. He rapes it all up by reviewing his five-point framework in more detail and what effects certain characteristics of a nation could have on it in the future. Actions and characteristics which will major effect nations are over fishing and deforestation, overpopulation and energy consumption. Response to Homeless:
The author conveys an idea about the meaning of home in a very simple, yet complex idea in the sense of having to take a step further to show an original idea. The author says, “home is where the heart is.” More or less meaning a soul and mind, a place to rejuvenate, a sacred place to safe keep memories, memorabilia, and of course family. No matter, the author tries to make this connect to the way the world runs today. Yes, there are people who live this way, and realize this point, but so many more live based off of money and worth. The United Nations is promoting $40 billion to help and prevent deaths to mothers and children in third world countries due to poor maternal health. Nearly 8 million children die before the age of five and about 350,00 women die during childbirth annually. The United Nations’ goal is to cut this number in half, ensure universal primary education, and stopping the spread of HIV/AIDS. Some quotes towards the production includes; General Ban-Ki Moon stating, “ the crisis is no excuse for letting up our efforts, but underscores the need for action.” He said this in regard to the global economic crisis, since there is some concern mainly by the fact that the U.S says it cant afford it. Ban-Ki Moon also stated “We know how to solve malnutrition, and so its unacceptable to have millions of children still dying from it. Hillary Clinton also spoke on the topic saying, “ you can count on the U.S and Obama administration for the success of this initiative.” Though, this quote has yet to have any further action placed upon it. As well, an Oxman spokeswomen, Emma Seery, stated, “ that kind of money would go a long way in reaching the children and maternal health goals, but we have a big concern…half the donors cut their aid last year…government bringing together loss of previous commitments, which wont mean much to poor people.” This initiative would be taking place worldwide and discussed internationally. Taking part in this initiative would be beneficial with no doubt, the Obama administration and U.S is already planning and involve din planning to donate, but U.S citizens still have their say. Some disagree with taking part at the moment because they simply want the economies stability to not collapse any further. Fifty percent of San Diego roads are classifies as in poor condition at the moment, while a mere ten percent are considered in good condition. Poor roads are causing an average of $654 annually in car operation cost, for the average San Diego go-er. Poor road conditions lead to more necessary repairs and maintenance, more fuel consumption and tire wear. Its also not just in San Diego where there is a high percent of poor roads; an extremely high six out of the ten worst roads are in California. These six include: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland, Coachella Valley between Indio and Palm Springs, Riverside, and San Bernardino. With a nation wide survey as well, Atlanta, Georgia hold number one in the nation for best roads. By taking initiative to repair California’s roads, it will create a smoother ride, happier drivers, less maintenance costs, create jobs, and overall boost the economy. Awhile ago I went to the museum of man on a free Tuesday. It was really interesting we saw many new things. One of the exhibits we went to was the Cyborgs I learned many things. I learned that cyborgs are machines-human combinations and are found in science fiction stories. These Cyborgs mechanical body parts can assist people in various ways . I also learned that today people can get cochlear (inner ear) implants to help them hear and hip replacements to help them walk.

We also went to the primates exhibit. We learned about the giant of all primates. This species lived between 9 million and 400,000 years ago in what is now India, Pakistan, China, and Vietnam. These species remains have been found in China along with those of Homo erectus. One interesting example is that scientist have proposed that Homo erectrus was partly responsible for this giant primate’s extinction possibly by hunting it.

One other interesting exhibit we got to go to was to mummies exhibit. We saw the headless mummy. It says the tomb is of an Egyptian male from the Ptolemaic Period ( 332 to 30 B.C.) . It also explains that during the mummification process, the linen bandages were secured with a gummy resin that has since become hard and black. Radiographs show that the arms were placed over the body and that there are broken ribs and fractured long bones. Also sometime in the past vandals stole the mummy’s head and toes.

We also visited the climate section of the museum. It talked about that twenty million years ago Earth’s climate was warm and dry especially in Africa. The continents weren almost in their current positions, except South America, which was an “island”. Africa and Eurasia were connected by a land bridge this allowed early apess to spread from Africa into Asia, India and Europe.
When we went to this museum there was a new exhibit there it was the card board. There where poke man card and we played game it was fun. When I went to the Museum of Man they had Mayan Stelas set up. Some of the history I learned about the history of Mayan Stela’s. The tallest Stela in the world is twenty five feet tall and was erected and dedicated to the ruler of Quigua, K’ak’Tilim on January 24 a.d 711 to honor the ending of the time period. Having the Stela made in his honor also reinforced his power in the 46th year of his reign. On this particular stela, on the south side, dedicated to K’ak’Tilim shows him dressed in ceremonial costumes, a tall feather headdress, and a solid jade mask. On the northern face of the Stela is K’ak’Tilim holding a Venus shield of warfare, which emphasizes the role as a define ruler and God king.
What is a Stela?
A Stela is a tall shaft of carved stone that incorporates legacy, the colanders, date, portray the current ruler, hierarchical texts about history, myths or astronomical events.

Primates and Genes
Humans share a very great amount of genes with our primate cousins. The amount of genes and DNA that humans share with other common things are: 90% of genes and DNA are the same as a mouse, 97.7% of DNA are the same as a gorilla, 98.4% with chimps, 99.9% with the human next to you, and approximately 50% with a banana.
“Lucy”
Lucy was the very first discovered full grown human female at 3.5 feet tall and weighing approximately sixty pounds. Her skeleton is nearly 3.2 million years old. Lucy was discovered in Hadar, Ethiopia in 1974 by Donald Johansson and his team. Even though the skeleton is only 40% complete including arm and finger bones, which are adapted to climbing trees, her spine, pelvis, one knee and foot bones. Lucy was considered a mosaic of and ape and human, contain traits from both species. 

On Friday March 11, 2011 an 8.9 earthquake 270 miles off the coast of Honshu, Japan has killed nearly 300 people and left many with out homes. A widespread list of 50 countries have been warned including; central American countries such as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Costa Rica, along with Hawaii. In Hawaii, 10 p.m., eastern time 3 a.m., was warned that they should expect a tsunami within five hours. The island of Kauai was the first hit which hit the coast with six foot surges.
Along the western coast of the United States northern California has been evacuated, in counties like Del Norte and Humboldt county. The tsunami is travelling at nearly 500 miles and was determined not to stop until it hits a large mass of land (west coast of the U.S). 
Event:  54 year-old George Djura Jakubec has been charges with 8 federal charges, pled not guilty, and was later arrested. The Escondido residents were filled with homemade bomb and were discovered to be the nation’s largest bomb center. The house was interrogated by the bomb squad and was found to be too dangerous to detonate; the safest option was to burn it down. A radius of half a mile was evacuated for safe precautions and a sixteen foot metal fence was temporarily put around the house. The burning began shortly after 10:30a.m Thursday morning. The plan went extremely well and the toxic fumes the house was letting off went straight up into the atmosphere at about 2,700 feet. Even though traffic on the fifteen  was very trying to San Diego residents. What are the goals of UNICEF?
The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund was created in 1946 for helping protect children in war-zone countries, Europe, Middle East, and China at the time it was originally created. UNICEF was then extended to helping children in the developing world. This humanitarian organization has saved more children’s lives from preventable causes than any other organization. The goal of UNICEF is to one day have no children dying from a preventable cause.
Where is UNICEF located?
The UNICEF headquarters is located in New York City and there are centers all over the world, particularly in the countries they are working in.
Plan:
To fundraise money on campus that will be directly donated in the form of supplies to the UNICEF orphanages in Afghanistan. Afghanistan’s infrastructure has been extremely damaged and nearly seventy percent of Afghani citizens are living in poverty, the effects of being at war for more than twenty years.
How will the funds be raised?
A temporary on campus organization that sells an array of candy bars in class rooms that come with ribbons with the UNICEF logo on them. Donation boxes can also be placed around the school in classrooms for those who don’t wish to buy anything. Half the profits will go towards buying and shipping supplies to the Afghan Orphan Project, Powered by UNICEF.
Where are the supplies going?
The Afghan Orphan Project is working on the Khalakhan Orphanage which is now the largest Orphanage in Afghanistan. This organization is already receiving a ton of support, so even the smallest amount of donations will excel the program.
What is needed for this fundraiser?
The fundraiser is selling candy on campus so candy bars are needed. To also raise more awareness, blue UNICEF ribbons will be wrapped around the candy bars or come with them to remind people why they bought it. It may come with a small description of the Orphanage or a picture of a child from the orphanage.


Timeline?
The fundraiser could start a week after winter break, living time to prepare. It would be taking place in classrooms around the school. It could consecutively run until a goal of two hundred dollars is reached. It would end right after Valentine’s Day. Personal Reflection Anyone who eats chametz, that individual will be cut off from the Jewish people (Shemos 12:15).

Matzah is the traditional food of Jewish Passover. Its concept: Bread is the staff of life, but Matzah is the most basic bread, the simplest food made by man. Matzah involves the amalgamation of the three most basic elements which define civilized man; grain, water and fire. Matzah is a food which man makes and bakes, no external element beyond flour and water defines or influences its form. Matzah is no more than flour and cold water -- no more. Here is a comparison believed by part of the Jewish community: “In the ultimate sense, fermentation is not merely a process which does not take place in matzah. That is its lesson. In reality it was Israel who had become fermented -- up to the point where they almost became chametz. It was G-d who saved Israel from becoming chametz, which would have spelled Israel's destruction. It was the redeeming hand of G-d which guaranteed that Israel would "remain Matzah" for all time to come.” By the Jewish Religion resolving into such a belief, and comparing their very religious existence, there shows another level into this sacred religion, even in dealing with their Holy war in the city of Jerusalem. There has and still is today, a long standing dispute between the Islamic faith and the Jewish faith.
The Jewish faith is a monotheistic religion that uses the "Jewish Bible" which is the Tanakh. Its essentially composed of the books of the Old Testament. The first five books of the Old Testament and the Tanakh (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) are called the Torah and are the central books to Judaism. The Tanakh is important but definitely second to the Torah.
Believers in the Jewish faith are all over the world, with a total of 13.3 million with nearly no growth. The bulk of Jews live in Diaspora and Israel. The other bulk live in the America’s with about 46%. What are the core beliefs?
    The Baha’i Faith is the youngest of the world's independent religions. Its founder, Baha’u’llah (1817-1892), is regarded by Baha’is as the most recent in the line of Messengers of God that stretches back beyond recorded time and that includes Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Krishna, Zoroaster, Christ and Muhammad. The theme is that humanity is one single race and the the day has come for its unification as one global society. God (Baha'u'llah) has said historical forces to break the barriers of race, class, creed, and nations that will one day have a universal civilization.

How many People belong to this faith?
    There are five million people worldwide that belong to this faith, originating in Persia Baha'u'llah was a Persian nobility who suffered a lifetime of exile and imprisonment for His claim to be the bearer of a divine revelation. Baha’u’llah was ultimately exiled to the prison city of 'Akká in Palestine.

How does the Baha'i faith affect a country's Policies?
      The Baha'i faith has nearly 300,000 followers in Israel, making Israel the largest community of Baha'i believers. Since Israel is a democracy, the government cannot discriminate against the religion. Population: It is estimated that there are approximately 0.7 to 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide, with about 1.1 to 7 million in the U.S. About 23% of the worlds population is Islamic, and with the current trends Islam will be the largest religion in the world, leading right behind Christianity with about 33% of the worlds population apart of it.

Distribution: The majority of Muslims, Sunni and Shiite, are located in Northern Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Western Asia, and Southwestern Asia. The most Shiite are located in Iran.

Belief: There is no way to fully explain the Islamic faith but in a nutshell, Allah is the God of Islam and his Prophet is Muhammad. The Holy book of Islam is the Qur’an and people pay their pilgrimage to the Holy city of Mecca. The History of Matzah in the Jewish Faith The Islamic Faith The Baha'i Faith Hot Dogs are also called frankfurters, frank, weenie, wienie, wiener, dog, and red hot. Hot Dogs are a cooked sausage that consists of a combination of beef and pork or all beef, which will be cured, smoked, and cooked. Traditional seasonings may include coriander, garlic, ground mustard, nutmeg, salt, sugar, and white pepper. They are fully cooked but are usually served hot. Sizes range from big dinner frankfurters to tiny cocktail size.
The simplest form of Hot Dogs range all the way back to the ninth century. But to start in the U.S, the very first Hot Dog shop started in 1916, at Nathan’s Famous in New York at Conley Island. There are a variety of Hot Dogs all over the United States, affected by each regions preferences and culture. In Phoenix, Arizona is the Sonoran, a bacon wrapped hot dogs that is grilled and placed in a steamed bun. Being in the southwest, the Sonoran has taken on toppings such as queso fresco, cotija cheese, salsa verde, and guacamole. In upstate New York the Michigan Red Hots are steamed beef frank swerved in a steamed split top bun, topped with chili. Another traditional hot dog style is the saw Dog, which is the southern version of Hot Dogs. These being just a few traditional styles, there are an endless amount of toppings and combinations for enjoyment. Hot Dog History Rastas started with a moment in Ethiopia, 1930 and named after Ras Tafari Makonnen, who was the Emperor of Ethiopia at the time and has about one million followers today. It is offensive to Rastafari to add the “ism and schisms” that characterize oppressive and corrupt white society. Rastafari developed in the slums of Jamaica in the 1920’s and 30’s
The Rastafarian movement began with the teachings of Marcus Garvey (1887-1940), a black Jamaican who led a "Back to Africa" movement. He taught that Africans are the true Israelites and have been exiled to Jamaica and other parts of the world as divine punishment.
The book of Rastafari is the Holy Piby and it was compiled by Robert Athlyi Rogers of Anguilla from 1913 to 1917 and published in 1924.The Holy Piby is a version of the Christian Bible that has been altered to remove all the deliberate distortions that are believed to have been made by white leaders during its translation into English.
Rastafarians believe in the Judeo-Christian God, whom they call Jah. In general, Rastafarian beliefs are based in Judaism and Christianity, with an emphasis on Old Testament laws and prophecies and the Book of Revelation. Allegorical meaning is often sought in the Holy Piby. Rastafari Summary: Collapse- How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed Sonnet Of Xena Hamlet Reflections Extra Credit: Museum of Man (Replacement of Personal Reflection)
Mayan Stela’s Response to Homeless Summary:
The Little Friend Problem Number Two: Proposal; The United Nations Children’s (UNICEF) Fundraising Reflection of Mice and Men Reflection of I Am Nujood By: Hailey Freeman -Summer Job
- Music Scholarship
-Sport Scholarship
-Academic Scholarship
- FAFSA
-attend Community College first
- attain a public service job to have loans relieved
- join the military
-apply for financial aid
- apply for a college grant Funding Sources: The Harvard College had approximately 6,700 graduate students, 14,500 proffesional students, totaling to about 21,000 students. Harvard was established in 1636 and has nearly 323,000 living people who one attended the University, in around 202 countries overall. Its library included 16.2 million volumes, and holds a total of 4,979 acres.

Tuition:
Undergraduate: $38,416
With room, board, and student service fees: $50,724
2010-2011 Estimated ten month expense budget
Books and Supplies: $900
Apartment housing including utilities:$12,680
Meal Plan for dormitory residents:$2,108
Food: $4,920
Miscellaneous:$5,600

Environmental Sciences and Engineering requirements:

Students take at least 8 disciplinary courses which do not include 298r or 298r, at least 6 are at the 200 level; at least one is from EPS 200, EPS 202, and EPS 208. Most students take two or more of EPS 200, 202 and 208 and 9 to 10 disciplinary courses. Seminar, research, and reading courses fill out the balance of the program requirements. Students normally take two introductory graduate courses and two more advanced courses in their areas, two applied mathematics courses, and two graduate level courses in engineering sciences, earth science, biology, physics, or other areas where breadth of preparation is needed. Harvard Engineering School History:
Columbia University was founded in 1754 as King's College by royal charter of King George II of England. It is the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York and the fifth oldest in the United States.In July 1754, Samuel Johnson held the first classes in a new schoolhouse adjoining Trinity Church, located on what is now lower Broadway in Manhattan. There were eight students in the class. At King's College, the future leaders of colonial society could receive an education designed to "enlarge the Mind, improve the Understanding, polish the whole Man, and qualify them to support the brightest Characters in all the elevated stations in life." One early manifestation of the institution's lofty goals was the establishment in 1767 of the first American medical school to grant the M.D. degree.

Tuition:
Room and Board $18,252
Personal expenses $3,626
Books and supplies $2,000

-Tution: Full time entering students are charged with a flat tuition rate of $17,676 per semester, with eligibility to enroll for 10.5 to 19.5 credit hours each semester. - $35,352
-Activity Fee: A $75 fee per tem to cover student events, activities, and to help fund student organizations. -$150
-University Facilities Fee: Mandatory fee that costs $365 per term for full time students and provides access to facilities on campus, like the fitness center and Lerner Hall, Libraries and computer networks.-$730
-Instructional Technology Fee. -$400
-Health Service Fee: allows students to use health services at any time.- $900
- Heath Insurance: -$2,045 Columbia University of New York Japanese Earthquake and effects on other countries UN promotes health campaign for women and children ENGINEER Best Location: Chicago, Il; Huston, TX; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; New York, New York; Sacramento, Calif.; San Diego, Calif.; Seattle, Washington; Boston, Mass. San Francisco, Calif.; Washington, D.C.

Job Description: Engineers are everyone who design or produce things like buildings, technology, bridges, etc. The world always needs engineers and the more years of education, the better. They maintain, produce, look over the production of built items for example. They search for possible solutions that would be cheaper, safer, and more sustainable.

Money Made: The average annual income of an engineer is $80,300 and with eight or more years of experience income ranges from $75,000 to $110,000

Education Needed: Engineering is a 4 year college degree. It takes many math and science courses before entering a core engineering course. Chemical engineers often minor in chemistry, electrical engineers in computer science, mechanical and aeronautical engineers in physics.

Helpful courses: higher math courses, and any course that particularly pertains to the type of engineering. Communist countries today include: China, Cuba, North Korea, Laos, and Vietnam. Former Communist countries include Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, and Romania. Communism is a distinct socio-political philosophy that is willing to use violent means to attain its goal of a classless society. Communism is not the only government thought that has gone to extremes to impose its rule. Many countries have lost Communism because there is too much of a Capitalist idealism in the Globalizing world. Countries who have kept it today are consistently bombarded with issues of keeping this type of government. Communism tends to arise in countries that are in crisis and are in need of direction. When Russia was Communist, there was no good to come of it, and it led to the Jewish Holocaust during World War Two. Communism follows the outline that there is one party, the common good for everyone. Since there is only one party, there’s only one party to vote for. This is fine, but over time this system of government has shown to become corrupt and the common looses say and power, which the entire system is based off not doing. World Governments Communism Religion Democracy Democracy:
The definition of Democracy means government by people. Democracy is usually said that people have the right to exercise their decision directly by voting for officials or through representatives’ this second arrangement is then called Representative Democracy. Democratic Countries include: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria
Belgium, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Lithuania
Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Sao Tome & Principe, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Taiwan, Tuvalu, United Kingdom, United States, and Ukraine. Democracy was first practiced by ancient Athens in the 5th century BC. Athens pioneers an experiment in direct democracy, as opposed to the representative democracy of modern societies. It is copied by her Greek allies and colonies at the time, but it has rarely been attempted anywhere else since (Switzerland in the 13th century is one example). The future of democracy stands fair at this point in time. There is no telling whether it will be miss treated and not taken for what it actually is. Since there is already so many countries with this form of government, there probably aren’t going to be many more countries will be converting. A Monarchy is a governmental system in which the head of state is a single person. Typically, the position is hereditary, as is the case with famous monarchies like that of the United Kingdom. Originally, the term was used to refer to a system of government in which the monarch had absolute authority, but the term has evolved to encompass any country with a hereditary head of state, regardless as to how much power is vested in the head of state. Monarchs of the world today include: Antigua and Barbuda, Andorra, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bahrain, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Cambodia, Canada, Denmark, Grenada, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Monaco, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom. Monarch may have problems like every other government, some people will be against sole power ton one person, as well, if the leader is more of a dictator then no good will come of a Monarchy. Monarchy Local Event: TRIP Report: San Diego roads ranked 8th worst among major cities Local Event: Escondido Bomb House World Events Local Events The END
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