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Copy of North & South

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Patricia Abney

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of North & South

9 Chicago Vandalia Portsmouth Cincinnati Toledo Cleveland Buffalo Albany New York
City Pittsburgh Columbia Wheeling New Orleans Mississippi River Ohio River Miami & Erie Canal Ohio & Erie Canal Erie Canal Champlain Canal Pennsylvania Canal Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Road 2 Geography NORTH:
4 distinct seasons, short growing season & harsh winters
Jagged coast with rocky soil (good for shipping, not farming)
Thick forests (good lumber)
Wide plains with rich soil in NY, Penn., & NJ.

Mild winters & hot, humid summers ideal for farming
Coastal plains with swamps & marshes
Rolling hills & mountain hollows
Broad, flat rivers Economy: SOUTH
Based on agriculture (farming)
Cotton is “king” (main cash crop)
Eli Whitney introduces Cotton Gin (makes cleaning seeds from cotton easier)
Small farms
Large Plantations used slaves to raise cash crops 5 Transportation: NORTH

National Road built across Appalachians.
Robert Fulton invented steam engine -- provides power to move boats faster (steamboat)
Canals created and used; Erie Canal (man-made rivers)
Steam powered trains created; North lays 20,000 miles of track Society: SOUTH Rich planters lived in large mansions (plantations) & ruled life in the South (but were minority).
Most white farmers owned small farmers & maybe one slave… many were too poor to own land.
Free blacks worked as craftspeople, servants & laborers… but were not equal.
Most blacks in South were slaves owned by the wealthy planters. Society: NORTH Growing number of people moved to cities, yet 7 in 10 still lived on small farms.
Cities were dirty & crowded, but full of entertainment & shopping.
Blacks were free, but not equal -- faced discrimination in jobs, voting, education & housing.
Plentiful job opportunities in factories attracted many immigrants… Irish came because of potato famine & many Germans came after failed revolution. Transportation: SOUTH
Goods moved mostly by riverboats, and some rail
Cotton shipped down rivers
Mississippi River was mightiest river.
Only 10,000 miles of train track 1 CH. 19: Worlds of North & South Economy: NORTH
Based on manufacturing (making things).
Industrial Revolution: shift from human labor to machines.
Factories built next to rivers for power, then steam invented.
Unskilled workers in factories (immigrants, girls, etc.)
Eli Whitney introduces interchangeable parts HOMEWORK: Pg. 138 in ISN
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