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Copy of North & South
Transcript of Copy of North & South
City Pittsburgh Columbia Wheeling New Orleans Mississippi River Ohio River Miami & Erie Canal Ohio & Erie Canal Erie Canal Champlain Canal Pennsylvania Canal Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Road 2 Geography NORTH:
4 distinct seasons, short growing season & harsh winters
Jagged coast with rocky soil (good for shipping, not farming)
Thick forests (good lumber)
Wide plains with rich soil in NY, Penn., & NJ.
Mild winters & hot, humid summers ideal for farming
Coastal plains with swamps & marshes
Rolling hills & mountain hollows
Broad, flat rivers Economy: SOUTH
Based on agriculture (farming)
Cotton is “king” (main cash crop)
Eli Whitney introduces Cotton Gin (makes cleaning seeds from cotton easier)
Large Plantations used slaves to raise cash crops 5 Transportation: NORTH
National Road built across Appalachians.
Robert Fulton invented steam engine -- provides power to move boats faster (steamboat)
Canals created and used; Erie Canal (man-made rivers)
Steam powered trains created; North lays 20,000 miles of track Society: SOUTH Rich planters lived in large mansions (plantations) & ruled life in the South (but were minority).
Most white farmers owned small farmers & maybe one slave… many were too poor to own land.
Free blacks worked as craftspeople, servants & laborers… but were not equal.
Most blacks in South were slaves owned by the wealthy planters. Society: NORTH Growing number of people moved to cities, yet 7 in 10 still lived on small farms.
Cities were dirty & crowded, but full of entertainment & shopping.
Blacks were free, but not equal -- faced discrimination in jobs, voting, education & housing.
Plentiful job opportunities in factories attracted many immigrants… Irish came because of potato famine & many Germans came after failed revolution. Transportation: SOUTH
Goods moved mostly by riverboats, and some rail
Cotton shipped down rivers
Mississippi River was mightiest river.
Only 10,000 miles of train track 1 CH. 19: Worlds of North & South Economy: NORTH
Based on manufacturing (making things).
Industrial Revolution: shift from human labor to machines.
Factories built next to rivers for power, then steam invented.
Unskilled workers in factories (immigrants, girls, etc.)
Eli Whitney introduces interchangeable parts HOMEWORK: Pg. 138 in ISN