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Musical Structure

A summary of musical structures for GCSE
by

Peter Bryant

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Musical Structure

Musical
Structure

is how a piece of music
is organised

a
start
a
middle
and an
end
All music will have
12 Bar Blues
Popular Song
Binary Form
Ternary Form
Rondo Form
Raga
Variations
Through
Composed

But there are lots of other ways
that composers have structured
their music....
Binary form is in
Two sections...
A
B
The B section is different from the first section
it could be in a different key...
or faster, or higher, or louder, or on a different
instrument, or all of these!
Ternary form is in
Three sections...
A
B
The B section is different from the first section
it could be in a different key...
or faster, or higher, or louder, or on a different
instrument, or all of these!
A
The A section is repeated at the end...
A
B
The B section is different from the first section
it could be in a different key...
or faster, or higher, or louder, or on a different
instrument, or all of these!
A
A
C
Rondo form can have many different sections...
But after each new section
it returns to the A section
Through composed music
grows organically...
Each new section develops from the last...
without going back to repeat old material
Modern pop songs are based
on a structure with
repeating melodic sections...
Intro
Verse
Verse
Chorus
Verse
Chorus
Middle 8
Chorus
Chorus
Outro
The
verse
has the
same
music
with
different
words
The
Chorus
repeats
both the
music
and
words
Traditional 'standards' from the
1930s, 40s and 50s often followed
a similar 32 Bar song structure...
A section
A section
A section
B section
8 Bars
8 Bars
8 Bars
8 Bars
This is the most common
form of the blues.
A set chord sequence is
repeated over and over
again.
Chords I, IV & V are used - often with the 7th
added.
A1
A2
The B section is different from the first section
it could be in a different key...
or faster, or higher, or louder, or on a different
instrument, or all of these!
A3
A5
A4
Each new section is based on the original melody
The composer changes
one or more of the musical
elements from the original...
pitch, dynamics, tempo, invertion, added notes, backwards...
A Rag or Raga (pl) is a scale used
in Indian Classical Music.
It is also the name used to describe
the performance.
Wynton Marsalis - Carnival of Venice
Mozart - Variations k265
Couperin - Les Moissonneurs
A, B, A, C, A, D, A
Lena Horne - Honeysuckle Rose
Binary form is often A,A,B,B
with both sections repeated...
Robert Schumann Album für die Jugend Op 68 No3
Full transcript