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Yielding to Others

social psychology presentation.

bianca chend

on 23 March 2011

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Transcript of Yielding to Others

Yielding to Others by:
mihir, jackie, rita, and bianca
Conformity. Obedience. definition When people yield to real
or imagined social pressure Example:
If a person stands up to clap for a
performance that they thought was
mediocre only because everyone
around them was applauding. Why do People Conform? Public conformity Private Acceptance definition When a group gives an answer
they did not believe simply because
it was socially desirable thing to do. Conformity does decrease when people
respond anonymously instead of publicly,
but is not eliminated. there is a normative influence definition when a group’s beliefs are changed
because of information or
evidence they received there is an informational influence Norms definition learned, socially based rules that
prescribe what people should or should
not do in various situations. 3 influential factors: 1. people are motivated to be correct,
norms provide information about what
is right and wrong 2. people are motivated to be liked by other
group members, and we generally like those
who agree with us
3. norms influence the distribution
of social rewards and punishments
Why do People Conform? Ambiguity of the Situation The more ambiguous the situation is,
the more likely people will conform Unanimity and Size of the Majority People experience great pressure to
conform as long as the majority is unanimous. It only takes one person to disagree to
lessen the likelihood of conformity! People want to know others
question the unanimity as well. b e c a u s e Latane’s Social Impact Theory a group’s impact on an individual depends
not only on group size, but also on how
important and close the group is to the individual Minority Influence numerical minority in a group influences
the behavior or beliefs of a majority definition More indirect and gradual,
as compared to majority influence Gender No male-female differences in
conformity have been found Solomon Asch's Line Test One of the most interesting conformity
He brought participants into a room of
confederates and asked them to make a series
of simple perceptual judgments
Asch showed the participants three vertical
lines of varying sizes and asked them to
indicate which one was the same length
as a different target line
The answers were clear
Participants gave their answer’s aloud and
participants often conformed to the wrong
answers given by the confederates definition The behavior change comes in response
to a demand from an authority figure Occurs when you change your opinions, judgments,
or actions due to an individual with a position of authority
Although you have changed in some way, it does not
mean that you now agree with the change Milgram's Study Conducted study on obedience
People were chosen randomly and became
either “teachers” or “learners”
The learner was questioned by the teacher
and controlled a shock machine
Every time the learner made a mistake,
the teacher administered a shock which
increased by 15 each time Factors Affecting Milgram’s Study 1 2 3 Prestige: Milgram thought that since the
professor was from Yale people would obey to their orders Presence of Others Who Disobey: Had 3 “teachers” in his experiment
and 2 were fake while one was real the fake ones left the experiment early and eventually the third followed as well Personality Characteristics: the experiment revealed people who were authoritarian would carry out orders better and outside forces influenced people people were not naturally sadistic but actually nice Evaluation of Milgram's Study Ethical Questions: People were deceived in thinking that they caused great harm to another human being
the Stanford Prison Experiment caused great emotional distress to the participants Ultimate Meaning: His experiment shows how cruel man can be against one another under certain circumstances Real World Applications: Obedience has been shown throughout our history. Nazi Holocaust during World War II. Those expected to follow their duty are those who
can bring about controversy and problems. Many will face obedience and authority situations in everyday life, just as those in the Nazi Holocaust Any presidential election can relate to obedience. Political parties like Republicans and Democrats cause individuals
to make a decision to vote along their party lines or to vote on their
own conscious belief.
Media can also alter one’s decision. It is so powerful and can change anyone’s view on the presidential candidates, just as authority does The End!
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