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The Evolution of Rap Music :

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Alpi Aslan

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of The Evolution of Rap Music :

Conscious Rap
(1987 - 1996)
-> started with Public Enemy -It takes a Nation of Millions in 1987 :
Gangsta Rap
(1988 - 1996)
started in Los Angeles, triggered by social grievances:
Crack trade
Gang culture
The birth of Rap
(1979 - 1987)
started with the MCs getting more creative
first Rap song :
Sugarhill Gang - Rapper's Delight (1979)
-> Rap was seen as
Party music

Started from the bottom:
An upcomming new culture
Started in the
South Bronx, NYC in the 1970's
bad living conditions, a lot of riots
no federal, state or city money
social and art projects were cut off

What is Rap ?
it's part of a cultural movement (Hip Hop)
represented worldwide
is a huge economic, cultural & political force
resulted from social grievances in the Bronx, NYC
revived old Black music (Jazz, Soul, Funk)
became the soundtrack of rebellion for young people
The Evolution of Rap Music :
From Slave Songs to a Worldwide Culture

What is Rap ?

" at that time
black youths couldn't go to the disco
-> they created their own "Disco"
"Park Jams" were held
-> first Park Jam was held by
DJ Kool Herc

influenced by:
Jamaican Dub
How did that sound develop ?
new innovations:
Cutting on Time (by Grandmaster Flash)
Scratching (Grandwhizzard Theodore)
MC-ing (announcing and accomapnying the DJ)
DJ Kool Herc
DJ Kool Herc preparing for a Park Jam ...
... influenced by the big sound systems in Jamaica
US - President Gerald Ford denying federal assistance for New York (1975)
from MC-ing to Rapping
-> Rap began to take over
Run DMC played world tours
Rap music was often compared to the Punk scene
-> Rap was young, rebellious and loud
Run DMC brought up the
typical Rapper's Dresscode
Run DMC on stage with Aerosmith's lead singer Steven Tyler
Rap music became more rhytmical
and political
by Alpaslan Aslan
"I got a letter from the government
The other day
I opened and read it
It said they were suckers
They wanted me for their army or whatever
Picture me giving a damn -- I said never
Here is a land that never gave a damn
About a brother like me and myself
Because they never did"

Public Enemy - Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos
from East to West
musical influences:
Funk music of the 60's
Piano and Synthesizer sounds
Let's check the history !
lyrics had a deep message
content was more controversial
soundtrack of rebellion
How did it get from social criticism
to such explicit content ?
Full transcript