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Methods in Blood Brothers: Literature Paper Two

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Paul Hanson

on 17 April 2018

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Transcript of Methods in Blood Brothers: Literature Paper Two

Literature Paper Two: Section A: 'Blood Brothers'
Section A: 'Blood Brothers'
AOs:
AO1: ideas, quotations and meaning
AO2: analysis of methods and their effects
AO3: relevant contextual information about the playwright and the musical
AO4: SPaG
prologue
red herrings
circular narrative
songs
dialogue
stage directions
the Narrator
the verfremdungseffekt (the distancing effect)
foreshadowing
(Mostly) Dramatic Methods (AO2)
characterisation
chorus
hamartia
motifs
cultural allusion
dramatic irony
monologue
repetition
metaphor and simile
orientation
climax

Section A: 'Blood Brothers'
AOs:
AO1: ideas, quotations and meaning
AO2: analysis of methods and their effects
AO3: relevant contextual information about the playwright and the musical
AO4: SPaG
Which Methods to Choose?
Poor grammar ('Gis a sweet.'), taboo language ('You're a fuck off!') and so on are okay for this question but this isn't English Language- it's
English Literature
- so you want
literary
rather than linguistic (language) methods.

'BB' is a
tragedy/musical
, so it's best to go for methods that match this genre.
The Prologue
'So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone twins?
As like each other as two new pins
Of one womb born, on the self same day
How one was kept and one given away?
An' did you never hear how the Johnstone's died
Never knowing they shared one name
Till the day they died, When a mother cried
My own dear sons lie slain
An' did y'never hear of the mother so cruel
There's a stone in place of her heart
Then bring her on and come judge for yourselves
How she came to play this part'.

Pick one quotation and write it down as follows:

Prologue:
''So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone twins?
As like each other as two new pins
Of one womb born, on the self same day
How one was kept and one given away?'
Circular Narrative

'So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone twins?
As like each other as two new pins
Of one womb born, on the self same day
How one was kept and one given away?

Definition?

Function/effect?
Songs
Overture
Marilyn Monroe
My Child
Easy Terms
Shoes Upon the Table
Easy Terms
Kids' Game
Gypsies in the Wood
Blood Brothers
Bright New Day
Long Sunday Afternoon
Bright New Day
The Narrator
'So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone twins?
As like each other as two new pins'

'An' did y'never hear of the mother so cruel
There's a stone in place of her heart
Then bring her on and come judge for yourselves
How she came to play this part'.

'But a debt is a debt and it must be paid'

''And do we blame superstition for what came to pass?
Or could it be what we, the English, have come to know as class?'

Definition?
Function/effect?

Note that this can work for any character: Mrs Johnstone, Mrs Lyons, Eddie... They are all used as methods to explore Russell's ideas and messages.
The Verfremdungseffekt
(The Distancing Effect)
The Narrator:
'An' did y'never hear of the mother so cruel
There's a stone in place of her heart
Then bring her on and come judge for yourselves
How she came to play this part'.

'And do we blame superstition on what has come to pass? Or could it be what we English have come to know as class?'

Definition?
Function/effect?

Look how you can use the same quotations, narrowing down what you have to remember.
The Chorus
MRS JOHNSTONE stands alone and we hear some of her kids, off.

KID ONE (off)
Mam, Man the baby’s cryin’. He wants his bottle. Where’s the milk?

KID TWO (off)
‘Ey Mam, how come I’m on free dinners? All the other kids laugh at me.

KID THREE (off)
‘Ey Mother, I’m starvin’ an’ there’s nothin’ in. There never bloody well is.

MRS JOHNSTONE (perfunctorily)
Don’t swear, I’ve told y’

KID FOUR (off)
Mum, I can’t sleep, I’m hungry, I’m starvin’…

KIDS (off)
An’ me, Mam. An’ me. An’ me.

.Definition?
Function/effect?
Foreshadowing
Mrs Lyons:
'They say that if either twin learns he was one of a pair they shall both immediately die.'

The Narrator:
'Shoes upon the table
An' a spider's been killed
Someone broke the looking glass
A full moon shinin'
An' the salt's been spilled
You're walkin' on pavement cracks
Don't know what's gonna come to pass
Now y'know the devil's got your number
You know he's gonna find you
You know he's right behind you'

(Both from the song 'Shoes Upon the Table')

Definition?
Function/effect?
Motifs
E.g. guns:

'Sammy: 'I got ya, I shot ya, and ya bloody know I did. I got ya. I shot ya' (from the song 'Kids' Games')'

Chorus: 'But you know that if you cross your fingers
And if you count from one to ten
You can get up off the ground again
It doesn’t matter
The whole thing’s just a game.' (from the song 'Kids' Games')

The Narrator: 'There’s a man gone mad in the town tonight,
He’s gonna shoot somebody down,
There’s a man gone mad, lost his mind tonight'.

Definition?
Function/effect?
Cultural Allusion
'They said the bride was lovelier than Marilyn Monroe.'

Definition?
Function/effect?
Dramatic Irony
Mickey: 'Do you wanna be my blood brother, Eddie?'

Definition?
Function/effect?
Monologue
Narrator:
'So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone twins?
As like each other as two new pins
Of one womb born, on the self same day
How one was kept and one given away?
An' did you never hear how the Johnstone's died
Never knowing they shared one name
Till the day they died, When a mother cried
My own dear sons lie slain
An' did y'never hear of the mother so cruel
There's a stone in place of her heart
Then bring her on and come judge for yourselves
How she came to play this part'.

Definition?
Function/effect?
Repetition
Lyrics from the song 'Marilyn Monroe':

'No more dancing
No more dancing'

'They said the bride was lovelier than Marilyn Monroe
With a wife he said was twice the size of Marilyn Monroe
For a girl they say who looks a bit like Marilyn Monroe'

Definition?
Function/effect?
Simile and Metaphor
Simile: 'So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone twins?
As like each other as two new pins'


Metaphor: 'An' did y'never hear of the mother so cruel
There's a stone in place of her heart'

Definition?
Function/effect?
That Summer Sequence
The Devil's Got Your Number
That Guy
Shoes Upon the Table
I'm Not Saying a Word
Miss Jones
Marilyn Monroe
Light Romance
Madman
Tell Me It's Not True

I don't think songs need defining but you can certainly pick one title as a quotation and then consider its
function/effect?
Structure Freytag's Pyramid
EXPOSITION: 'By the time I was twenty-five
I looked like forty-two.
With seven hungry mouths to feed
And one more nearly due' (from the song Marilyn Monroe).
INCITING INCIDENT: Mrs L: 'Give one of them to me. Please, Mrs Johnstone, please.'
RISING ACTION: 'EDWARD laughs, grabbing LINDA jokingly. Their smiles fade as they look at each other. Suddenly they kiss.'
DENOUEMENT: 'And do we blame superstition for what came to pass?
Or could it be what we, the English, have come to know as class?'
CLIMAX: Mickey: '(He stands glaring…almost uncontrollable with rage): I could have been…I could have been him!'
Rhyme
'So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone
twins
?
As like each other as two
new pins
Of one womb born, on the self same
day
How one was kept and one given
away
?
An' did you never hear how the Johnstone's
died

Never knowing they shared one
name

Till the day they died, When a mother
cried

My own dear sons lie
slain

An' did y'never hear of the mother so cruel
There's a stone in place of her
heart
Then bring her on and come judge for yourselves
How she came to play this
part
'.

Rhyming couplets
Alternate rhyme
Red Herring
'An' did y'never hear of the mother so cruel
There's a stone in place of her heart
Then bring her on and come judge for yourselves
How she came to play this part'.

Definition?

Function/effect?


The Prologue
There aren't many marks for just naming a method. You need its function and effect. As we go through the methods, try to define each and its function.

Prologue: a short introduction to a play.

'So, did y'hear the story of the Johnstone twins?
As like each other as two new pins
Of one womb born, on the self same day
How one was kept and one given away?

Function/effect: Russell uses the prologue to foreshadow the tragic ending and to inform us that the musical is about more than just entertainment.


Hamartia
Mrs Johnstone:

'If my child was raised in a palace like this one...'

'I would still be able to see him every day, wouldn't I?'

.Definition?
Function/effect?
Making Flash Cards
Make a minimum of six flash cards.
Dialogue
Mrs Lyons: 'Give one of them to me. Please, Mrs Johnstone, please.'

'If my child was raised in a palace like this one...'

'I would still be able to see him every day, wouldn't I?'

Definition?
Function/effect?
Daily Task and Reward
Don't forget to check Google Classroom for the daily task. Remember, if you complete all four you'll get a treat on Friday.
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