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Road to Revolution
Transcript of Road to Revolution
What drove them to Revolution?
The War Begins
The War Ends
Treaty of Paris 1783
2. French & Indian War
The British & Colonists won this war over land against the French & the Indians.
British Parliament felt the Colonists owed England and stuck them with the bill from the war.
Definition: a colony exists to earn money for it's mother country
4. "No Taxation Without Representation"
Colonists did not have a representative in the British Parliament. They felt if they were going to pay taxes to a government, they should have some say in that government.
5. The Boston Massacre
Once British troops attacked colonists retaliation was soon to follow...
1. Proclamation of 1763
King George III said British colonists could not settle the land west of the Appalachian mountains.
Intolerable Acts - In response to the Boston Tea Party. Closed Boston Harbor and prohibited colonists from holding meetings.
Stamp Act- All legal documents, newspapers, and playing cards had to have a stamp on them signifying that the stamp tax had been paid.
-Townshend Acts - Taxed imported goods such as glass, tea, paint, paper, and lead
Sugar Act- Taxed sugar and molasses
Boston Tea Party
A Patriot group called the Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawk Indians and dumped tea into Boston Harbor to protest the high taxes.
The Articles of Confederation
The 2nd Continental Congress drafted the 1st United States Constitution
It was a very weak government
The states had 90% of the power and the national government had was almost non-existent.
The Declaration of Independence
The 2nd Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence which told King George III why they were leaving English rule.
They also appointed George Washington head of the Continental Army knowing that King George III would want a fight.
April 19, 1775
Winter of 1777-1778
Battle of Lexington & Concord
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the war
Americans start to gain hope again
Winter of Valley Forge
Washington's troops camped and trained in Pennsylvania during the winter.
The Final Battle
Battle of Yorktown
French help the Americans surround the British
USA vs. England
"One if by land, two if by sea" - Paul Revere
1/3 Loyalists (Tories)
40,000 Red Coats
Well trained, disciplined soldiers
Best Navy in the World
19,000 American Soldiers
Farmers with muskets
Home field advantages
Native American fighting techniques
""Shot Heard 'Round the World"
First Battles of the war
England recognizes the U.S. as a free nation