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Transcript of Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhi was not a person
...He was a nation
10 January, 1908
Arrested for failing to register or leave Transvaal
Sentenced to two months
Released January 30 following a compromise
07 October, 1908
While returning from Natal he was unable to show registration, which he had burnt
Sentenced to imprisonment with hard labor
25 February, 1909
Arrested for not producing registration certificate
Sentenced for 3 months imprisonment
06 November, 1913
After the ‘Great March’ he was arrested at Palm Ford
Released on 7th on bail furnished by Kallenbach.
08 November, 1913
Again arrested in South Africa and released on bail.
09 November, 1913
Arrested and sentenced to nine months imprisonment, then sentenced to another three months at Volkhurst.
Unexpectedly released on 18 December, 1913.
10 April, 1919
Arrested at Palwal on his way to Amritsar and taken back to Bombay
Released on 11 April.
10 March, 1922
Arrested near Sabarmati Ashram for writing three articles in Young India.
Sentenced to six years imprisonment.
Released from Yervada prison on 5 February, 1924 after an operation on 12 January, 1924
05 May, 1930
Arrested at Karadi near Dandi for violating Salt Laws
Was imprisoned without trial and released on 26 January, 1931 unconditionally.
04 January, 1932
Arrested in Bombay for sedition and held without trial
Was released 8 May, 1933 as he started fasting to protest untouchability
01 August, 1933
Arrested with 34 members of his Ashram in Bombay following his March toward Rass and released on 4 August
Arrested again that day for not leaving Yervada limits. Sentenced to one year imprisonment.
Started fast on 16th August and was released on 23 August due to serious health condition.
09 August, 1942
Arrested under Defense of India Rules following ‘Quit India’ resolution and was placed in Agakhan Palace Jail.
Kasturba was arrested with him and died while in prison, 22 Feb 1944.
Gandhi was released on 6 May, 1944.
16 April, 1917
While touring Champaran, India, served with a notice to leave the district but was not arrested.
These were some of the ten items Gandhi possessed when he died
The Clothes on Gandhi's Back
When Gandhi went to go meet the king he wore his simple clothing.
A journalist asked:
“Mr. Gandhi, did you feel under-dressed when you met the King?”
Gandhi replied, “
The King was wearing enough clothes for both of us!
The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated.
“Be as simple as you can be; you will be astonished to see how uncomplicated and happy your life can become.”
"Why live simply?… So others may simply live!"
Gandhi's Living Quarters
"You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is like an ocean, if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty."
Gandhi's Life Before Satyagraha
Traveling To and Through India
Began in January 1915
Traveled with no possessions
Toured the country studying "with his ears open and his mouth shut"
Not yet well known in India
Settled down on the bank of the river Sabarmati
The Salt March
Harbour NO Anger
Faith in God
Gandhi with the stretcher-bearers of the Indian Ambulance Corps during the Boer War, South-Africa.
Boer War October 1899- May 1902
It is better to be violent, if there is violence in our hearts, than to put on the cloak of nonviolence to cover impotence.
~ Mahatma Gandhi
"You can chain me, you can torture me, you can even destroy this body, but you will never imprison my mind."
~ Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhi after release from prison in May 1944.
Gandhi at 7 years old
Gandhi and Wife Kasturbai
July 7, 1893
Durban, Natal ---> Pretoria, Transvaal
Refusal=First act of civil disobedience
Shaped his strong desire to fight injustice and defend Indian rights
- Started social activism
1.) June 25, 1934- bomb thrown at car
2.) May 1944
3.) September 9, 1944
4.) June 29, 1946
5.) January 20, 1948- bomb planted on garden wall
"Just an old man in a loincloth in distant India: Yet when he died, humanity wept."
Sentence= 1 YEAR
Served 9 DAYS
Sentence= 6 YEARS
Served 2 YEARS
British colonial rule strove for centuries to end self-sufficiency in villages.
With one grain of sand, Gandhi reversed this.
March 12, 1930
April 6, 1930
Gandhi at Dandi
= Salt laws were not repealed.
= Violence of British colonial system was revealed and India gained worldwide empathy and support for independence.
Thirteen was awkward...
Gandhi The Lawyer
Salt march organizers
"I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent."
White Supremacy over 'coloured' South Africa
Satyagraha: 'Militant non-violence'
Laws for coloureds/coolies
Gandhi's Invisible Hands