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Transcript of Mesopotamia
Why do you think Mesopotamia means the "land between two rivers"?
The Fertile Crescent
The Agricultural Revolution
Can you tell me what is meant by Agricultural Revolution?
Before, Humans wandered the Earth, hunting and gathering their food.
These people formed Nomadic Tribes
After the Ice Age, humans
began to stay in one area.
They learned how to grow
crops, such as wheat and
Many people began to settle in
the Fertile Crescent
Why do you think this would be a good place to live?
Reflecting back to the other civilizations we have learned about, why do you suppose it would be beneficial to live by two rivers?
Silt from the river fertilized crops after floods
What could be bad about living around so much water?
Can you describe how irrigation might help prevent flooding?
The Waters of Life
Without irrigation, the land would have been barren
Inhabitants of different villages
were forced to work together
What could be good about floods?
Can you name some Characteristics of a Civilization?
Civilization : a group of people who live together in one place
It has these structures:
We will learn about these different structures as we study different Ancient Civilizations
Society and Class
Kings and Priests were the highest rank
Next were the Awilu, or gentlemen
The Awilu were
free men who owned land and
headed large families
Muskenu, or commoners
Worked as craftsmen, or small traders in marketplace, servants in the palace, or worked on farms the king owned
Wardu, or Slaves
usually enemies seized during battle, sometimes, poor people sold themselves or their children into slavery
Reflect back to when we studied early man.
Did the tribes of early man have similar social classes?
Why do think social structure for the Mesopotamians was different?
Early Mesopotamians begin to build more permanent dwellings
The King, of course, lived in a palace
Rich Mesopotamians lived in two story houses made of baked bricks. They decorated the outside of their houses. On hot nights they would sleep on the flat roofs.
Poor Mesopotamians lived in small one story houses made of bricks and mud
Those who lived in
built reed huts
If a builder built a house poorly and it collapsed and caused death to the owner,
the builder was put to death
The Ziggurat of Ur is made from more than 8 million bricks
Ziggurat of Ur
Clothing was different depending on what social class you were. Explain why it would be different.
Mesopotamians are the earliest known people to use the wheel
They also developed a type of writing called Cuneiform
Can you name any other types of Ancient writing?
Can you predict how other civilizations developed writing after watching this video?
The next two videos are brief overviews of Ancient Mesopotamia
Compare and Contrast.
Are there any similarities between
Ancient Mesopotamian society and
Are there differences?
We will be studying Ancient Mesopotamia for the rest of the week.
This next video is a visual summary of some of the topics we will be discussing.
Don't worry about reading everything.
Just use your eyes to make observations.
Pick one example of something we have learned about today and one example of something that you find interesting.
Keep those examples in your head, or write them down so you don't forget! We will discuss them in our next class.
Modern Day Iraq
Villages began to form