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Social Studies 9 (YCJA)

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Sweet Hearts

on 7 June 2014

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Transcript of Social Studies 9 (YCJA)

Chapter 2:
Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)

Young Offenders
Young person breaks the law
Young offender breaks a law for the first time and gets a WARNING
DONT STRESS
STUDY STUDY STUDY ! and GOOOOODD LUCK ! :D
Chapter 2 is about Canada's Justice system and how
fair
and
equitable
it is? Does it protect innocent offenders? Insure offenders breaking the law gets the right consequences?
Fair and Equitable
: Rules made that applies to everyone serving needs and circumstances of individuals
Justice
: Placing Laws
Justices System
:
The system into placing laws into society with action
12 to 17 years old offers different consequences such as
community service
Prohibits adults
sentences
for ages 12 to 14
Protects the privacy of young offenders
Allows young offenders avoid
criminal records
Community service
: help in a community as a form a sentence
Sentence
: A consequence for a crime
Criminal Record
: A record of times an individual breaks the law
YCJA passed by Parliament in 2003
Young Offender breaks a law for the 2nd time (lets say it was more serious)
They would be sent to court.
At court
the jury
determines the consequence.
The jury is made up of 12 people from the community they are chosen from 200 other people.
Guilty
Not guilty
Factors that determine the consequences for the young offender.
Interview
Check out the chart on page 69 in your textbook!(:
YCJA Principles and what they mean.
They have the right to remain silent.
The right to speak to a parent.
The right to have a lawyer present
with them at court.
Everyone in the jury must not know who the victim is.
3.
4.
2.
1.
The young criminal justice system is intended to prevent crime by addressing the circumstances underlying a young person’s offending behavior.
What it means..
The youth criminal justice system is intended to rehabilitate young persons who commit offenses and reintegrate them into society.
What it means..
The youth criminal justice system is intended to ensure that a young person is subject to meaningful consequences for his or her offense in order to promote the long-term protection of society.
What it means..
The youth criminal justice system is intended to ensure that a young person is subject to meaningful consequences for his or her offense in order to promote the long-term protection of society.
What it means..
Advocacy Groups:
In Canada there are 2 main organization involved in the justice system. These two organization are the John Howard Society and Elizabeth Fry Society. These two advocacy groups try to solve reasons why people do crimes. They also provide public education about laws and justice system like the YCJA. They work with young people and adults who broke the law to help them become part of their communities again. For example they can help them find jobs and places to live for them.
The Elizabeth Fry Society works on helping justice issues for women's and girls. Only girls are allowed
John Howard works with men, women, boys and girls who got in trouble with the law. They are not sexist.
Juries are also sequestered during court. That means that they are not to have any contacts from anyone outside court
Rehabilitate: To bring positive behaviors and attitudes.
Reintegrate: To make part of again.
Full transcript