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Chapter 1 section 1 Human Origins in Africa
Transcript of Chapter 1 section 1 Human Origins in Africa
Without their contributions, humans would not be where they are today.
Why is this important?
Recent discoveries have helped clarify some aspects of prehistoric life
Cave paintings, musical instruments.
Appeared roughly 40,000 years ago
Identical skeletally to modern humans
Planned hunts and further developed spoken language
The Neolithic Age, or New Stone Age, began around 8000 BC and lasted through around 3000 BC
This saw the first pottery, crops, and domestication of animals.
New Stone Age
The Old Stone Age, or Paleolithic Age, lasted from 2.5 million BC – 8000 BC
Saw the invention of the first tools, fire, and language.
Happened during the Ice Age
Old Stone Age
In 1978, Mary Leakey, an archaeologist, found prehistoric footprints.
It is believed that they belong to
, which were humanlike beings.
Paleontologists study fossils
Human fossils usually consist of teeth, skull, and bone fragments.
Paleontology in the news
Archaeologists learn about prehistoric people through archaeological digs, or excavated sites
They look for bones and artifacts (human made objects)
There are specially trained scientists who can help tell the story of the past.
Prehistory is the period before written records
Without written records, scientists face many challenges
What do you think some of these challenges are?
Human Origins in Africa
Neanderthals lived from 200,000 to 30,000 years ago.
First to develop religious beliefs
More advanced tools
Closer to Modern Humans
More intelligent than habilis
Used intelligence to develop technology
Moved out of Africa for the first time
Fire, spoken language, more sophisticated tools
2.5 million years ago
Means “man of skill”
Used tools to cut meat, crack open bones
These findings showed that millions of years ago there were species who were walking upright.
In 1974, Donald Johanson found a complete female hominid skeleton.
Lucy had lived 3.5 million years ago!
All these different groups of people along with other scientists work together to tell how prehistoric people lived.
Anthropologists study culture, or a way of life unique to a certain group of people.
What could you determine about a certain culture from this artifact?
TERMS & NAMES
• Paleolithic Age
• Neolithic Age
• Homo sapiens