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Chapter 1 section 1 Human Origins in Africa

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James Eskew

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 1 section 1 Human Origins in Africa

These people and their developments helped lead to civilized society.
Without their contributions, humans would not be where they are today.
Why is this important?
Recent discoveries have helped clarify some aspects of prehistoric life
Cave paintings, musical instruments.

New Discoveries
Appeared roughly 40,000 years ago
Identical skeletally to modern humans
Planned hunts and further developed spoken language
The Neolithic Age, or New Stone Age, began around 8000 BC and lasted through around 3000 BC
This saw the first pottery, crops, and domestication of animals.

New Stone Age
The Old Stone Age, or Paleolithic Age, lasted from 2.5 million BC – 8000 BC
Saw the invention of the first tools, fire, and language.
Happened during the Ice Age

Old Stone Age
In 1978, Mary Leakey, an archaeologist, found prehistoric footprints.
It is believed that they belong to
, which were humanlike beings.

Mary Leakey
Paleontologists study fossils
Human fossils usually consist of teeth, skull, and bone fragments.
Paleontology in the news

Archaeologists learn about prehistoric people through archaeological digs, or excavated sites
They look for bones and artifacts (human made objects)

There are specially trained scientists who can help tell the story of the past.

Scientific Clues
Prehistory is the period before written records
Without written records, scientists face many challenges
What do you think some of these challenges are?

Human Origins in Africa
Neanderthals lived from 200,000 to 30,000 years ago.
First to develop religious beliefs
Very resourceful
More advanced tools

Closer to Modern Humans
More intelligent than habilis
“Upright man”
Used intelligence to develop technology
Moved out of Africa for the first time
Fire, spoken language, more sophisticated tools

Homo erectus
2.5 million years ago
Means “man of skill”
Used tools to cut meat, crack open bones

Homo Habilis
These findings showed that millions of years ago there were species who were walking upright.

So what?
In 1974, Donald Johanson found a complete female hominid skeleton.
Lucy had lived 3.5 million years ago!
All these different groups of people along with other scientists work together to tell how prehistoric people lived.

Anthropologists study culture, or a way of life unique to a certain group of people.
What could you determine about a certain culture from this artifact?

Mr. Eskew
World History

• artifact
• culture
• hominid
• Paleolithic Age
• Neolithic Age
• technology
• Homo sapiens
Full transcript