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Daily Life in Tenochtitlan

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Kaitlyn Lee

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Daily Life in Tenochtitlan

Short Term Daily Life Class Structure Most classes were not inherited
Chosen depending on what the person did
All trained to be soldiers
Classes could be lowered or raised
Emperor called tlatoani "he who speaks"
- First class and highest class
- Began wars or didn't and led Aztec Empire
- Supported emperor by counseling
- Government officials, military rulers, priests
- Pochteca was the highest class
- Could rise to be military leaders
- Fishers, farmers, or laborers
- Hired by nobles
- Were considered free
- Had to do jobs to pay off debt
- Children- not born slaves
- Freed once duties were finished Entering the Lives of Tenochtitlan Aztecs Chap 25: Life in Tenochtitlan Food ate home foods and foods from outside
Maize was an important part of their diet (used for flour, porridge, tamales)
Aztecs ate tortillas with their meals
enjoyed maize, cakes, boiled beans, tamales, algae, frogs, and shrimp.
if they wanted to spice up their dishes they used tomato paste and pepper.
special occasions, they ate hairless dog and a few turkeys.
hunted rabbits and pigeons. Religion Market Every city in the empire had a market
Tenochtitlan held a market, called Tlatelolco
Many things, like food, utensils, warrior costumes, feathers, and slaves were sold
Pochteca, professional traders sold things from lands far from Tenochtitlan like feathers, silver, gold, and tortoiseshells
Aztecs used a barter system rather than a money system
Guards made sure that everyone was honest
If there was a problem, the buyer and seller who disagreed would be brought to the court in the market
People also went to the market for social reasons believed gods were essential to survival
Quetzalquotl, Tlaloc, adopted from other cultures
Chief god: Huizilopochtli, sun and war god
"people of the sun"
saw sun as warrior who fought against darkness, needed blood to win
Animals were sacrificed to gods daily
Human sacrifice- thousands sacrificed each year Marriage Men were allowed to marry more than one wife (polygamy)
Only one wife was the "primary" one
Allowed to divorce if :
a) wife didn't take good care of the household
b) husband didn't didn't support wife, or treated her badly Marked entry into adulthood
Men married at around 20, women around 16
Very elaborate ceremonies Nobles enjoyed hunting
Everyone liked music and dancing
Played patolli, a game where colored stones were moved around a board divided into 52 squares
Nobles played tlachtli
Tlachtli had religious importance, so tlachtli courts were located near big temples Men were ranked above women
Married woman could own their own property and could be skilled in a specialty.
Men- farmers or craftsmen
Women- Tended household and wove cloth
Children were important
Parents trained children:
boys: fish, get water, canoe, commoners attended school at the telpochcalli and nobles attended school at the calmecac.
girls: weave cloth, clean and run a house, grind maize Family Life Recreation Long term daily Life The End
Thank You For Watching!
By Kaitlyn Lee, Crystal Tan, Rebecca Hasser,
Sophia Poplawski, Christian De Guzeman
Full transcript