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feudalism in europe

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Maciel Ceballos-Peralta

on 8 May 2011

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Transcript of feudalism in europe

Feudalism in Europe What is feudalism? In its most general form, the term "feudalism" has been used to refer to the oppressive hierarchy in European society as a whole during the Middle ages; however, it more accurately describes the specific economic, political, and social relationships between lords and vassals during that era. The Vikings Invade From The North. The vikings carried out their raids with terrifying speed. Clutching swords and heavy wooden shields, these helmeted seafarers beached their ships, struck quickly, and then moved out to sea again. They were gone before locals could mount a defense. Vikings were also traders, farmers, and explorers. They traveled far beyond Western Europe. They journeyed down, rivers into Russia, to Constantinople, and even across the icy waters of the North Atlantic. A viking explorer named Leif Evicson reached North America around 1000, almost 500 years before comlumbus. Magyars Attack. They attacked isolated villages and monasteries. They overran northern Italy and reached as far west as the Rhineland and Burgundy. The Magyars did not settle conquered land. Instead, they took captives to sell as slaves. Muslims Attack. In the 600s and 700s, the Muslim plan was to conquer and settle in Europe. By the 800s and 900s their goal was also to plunder. Peace. In all, two former enemies faced eachother in a peace ceremony. Rollo was the head of a viking army. Charles the simple was the king of France. Charles granted Rollo a huge piece of French territory. It became known as Northmen's land, or Normandy. In return, Rollo swore a pledge of loyalty to the king. Feudalism Structures Society. The system of governing and landholding, called Feudalism, had emerged in Europe. A similar feudal system existed in China under the Zhou Dynasty, wich ruled from around the 11th century b.c. until 256 b.c. Feudalism in Japan began in A.D. 1192 and ended in the 19th century. How Feudalism Works. King
provides money, army on demand Bestows land on his many nobles. Bestows land on his many knights. Nobility Provides military service and protection on demand. Knights Bestows land on his many vassals. provides military service and food on demand. vassals Social classes Are well Defined. In the feudal system, status determined a person's prestige & power. Medieval writers classified people into three groups: nobles & knights, men & women of church, & the peasants social class was usually inherited. Manors: The Economic side of Feudalism The manor was the lord's estate. During the Middle Ages, the manor system was the basic economic arrangement. The manor system rested on a set of rights & obligations between a lord & his serfs. Knights Nobility Viking warships were awe-inspiring. The largest of these long ships held 300 warriors, who took turns rowing the ship's 72 oars. The prow of each ship swept grandly upward,often ending with the carved head of a sea monster. Rollo charles the simple Harshness of Manor Life. For the privilege of living on the lord's land, peasants paid a high price. They paid a tax on all grain ground in the lord's mill. Any attempt to avoid taxes by baking bread elsewhere was treated as a crime. Many children did not survive to adulthood. Ilness and malnutrition were constant afflictions for medieval peasants. Average life expactancy was about 35 years. Resources
*world history book
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