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Martin Luther: On Christian Liberty
Transcript of Martin Luther: On Christian Liberty
Who was Martin Luther?
Summary of What was Written
Concerning Christian Liberty is “a summary of the Christian life.” At this time the church was teaching that one
gains salvation only from observation of the precepts of church
rather than by
, therefore Luther wrote this to
that idea. The objective of this treatise was to address the question of
but, with a freedom that enables them to serve.
Why did Luther write the treatise?
Luther's conversion to Christianity.
Salvation as a gift of God, not earned or merited.
The gospel should be delivered with less hostility.
The Church should be more concerned about the actual well-being of the people
Salvation and the word of God was for everybody.
The Indulgence COnt
He was not trying to break the catholic church.
the main man
Was viewed as antisemitic
Other works he wrote include "On the Jews and Their Lies"
Influence on Germany in the 1500s
His works acquired the status of Scripture
These texts were made popular again in the 1940s
Most widely read author of his time
Some Catholics thought he was a demon in the form of a man
Others thought "he alone was right"
Overall Christians were divided
To grasp the truth of this letter, we need to be in a completely different frame of mind than is common for us today
It requires a submissive attitude to a higher authority- one that is completely contrary to our natural desires
We can't earn a good standing with God, like we can with other people, or even with ourselves
Instead, he graciously gives that standing to us for free, and then we live out our gratitude by serving Him
We should live with a servant's frame of mind, since we serve Him through serving others
We can do this in our every day lives, through our little actions, not necessarily obvious evangelism
The Scriptures aren't an old book of myths with moral lessons
They are God's word, meant to show us how hopeless we are of escaping from our sin on our own
Then they instruct us how to live out our salvation after we are convicted
“A Christian man is the most free lord of all, and subject to none; a Christian man is the most dutiful servant of all, and subject to every one.”
Humans have two people within them, an inside new man and an outward old man. The inward man can be just, or justified the outward man cannot be justified. “Though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is relived day by day.”
Inward and outwardness of Man
Importance of the Word
Faith in God
“Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of my mouth.” (Mat. i.v. 14)
How to Use the Word:
using the word to bring faith and salvation
use faith to grow the knowledge
Importance of Faith
believing in His promises
What was the situation surrounding the Theses?
The activities of the Roman Catholic church at that time was highly criticized because:
It had become very powerful.
Corruption had seeped into the system.
The church was less religious or faith-based but became a political entity.
The church was ruthless.
believing he is True
Unites the soul to Christ
Noll, Mark A. Third ed. Michigan: BakerAcademic, 2012.