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Aldous Huxley- "A Brave New World"
Transcript of Aldous Huxley- "A Brave New World"
Huxley's ashes were interred in the family grave at the Watts Cemetery, home of the Watts Mortuary Chapel in Compton, a village near Guildford, Surrey, England. Distribution of Soma makes citizens to avoid depression. THE DISTRIBUTION OF SOMA Society is divided into: Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Delta. Stratification of society Relationship between these characters Main Characters Themes - Work in order to produce and consume Working for the Government Resources CONSUMPTION "A Brave New World" by Aldous Huxley Alpha, Beta,
Gamma and Delta
(Design of Soma) Alpha are the leaders and they manage society. They are born from one egg. Beta are born from two eggs, and they are not original but copies from one an other. Soma, manipulation & orgies Manipulation Consumption of Soma Happiness Avoid depression and give you a state of happiness Society is manipulated through this drug You work in order to produce and there is an economic growth due to this manipulation You must consume and waste: consume leads to an economical increase of that society Society is mechanized; you live in order to satisfy the needs of the Governments. Your emotions, feelings and thoughts do not exist in this world. Humans act like robots since they are born. There are parties and orgies. These orgies are celebrated in order to be promiscuous as promiscuity is a rule that this society must obey The idea of having a family is a concept that is considered "pornographic" as anyone can be part of every body because a person must be free in order to avoid depression women cannot reproduce because machines do everything for you. (Though Lenina, at the end of the book was pregnant) They must take wear a special belt at every moment to avoid these kind of problems. This is an artificial happiness, not the real one Work to produce and consume Lenina Lenina John the Savage Bernard Marx John the Savage Bernard Marx He does not take Soma He is a savage (Real human) He falls in love with Lenina, and he tries to teach Lenina what is real love, though she does not know what it means He is an Alpha Plus (His father was alpha, but his mother was not considered to be an alpha) He has peculiarities that every Alpha have, nevertheless, he is a new experiment for society. He is not worth as a person, but as an experiment of a mechanized society that only matters facts and science, not people He is a real person. He came to this world in order to teach people how emotions works. At the end, he was fed up of the situation because he could not be alone. He was alone during a period of time until media discovered him, and he comited suicide. He does not want comfort. He wants poetry, danger, freedom and Shakespeare. He is worried about his work.
He is an alpha, and at the beginning he does not show love for Lenina though they have been together during six months, both of them are promiscous. He does not feel anything for Lenina, though at the end, he is jelous because John is flirting with her, and Lenina loves John because he shows his feelings Bernard is friendly, he gives advices to John and tries to help him.
Love triangle: Lenina vs John and Bernard She is a curious woman, a teacher that is worried for her future. She is intelligent, beautiful though she suffers from lupus, and her eyes are purple. She is in love with John, and she uses Bernard as her sexual object She tries to understand the reality but it is very difficult. At the end, when she is pregnant she start to understand the world that John had explained her. The relationship he has with Bernard is very nice. John the Savage feels love for Lenina. He feels uncomfortable because he cannot do anything at all in order to wake her up. They never have sex, but they kiss each other. This love is purely passional and it reflects the spiritual side of the human being. Not everything are orgies, parties but being passional and having feelings is part of John's world He did not know why he came to this new world, however, he was used as an experiment of how emotions really are. Bernard was his friend, but also his advisor. I wonder how a friend can use a person as an experiment. It is very cruel how this "superficial and friendly atmosphere" is not real. Sex Drugs Orgies Parties - Rules : control society - Artificial babies so that woman can work and produce as men - No feelings, emotions, and if someone is death it does not matter because you can take phosphorus of that specific body Quotes “But I don't want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin.” “One of the principal functions of a friend is to suffer (in a milder and symbolic form) the punishments what we should like, but are unable, to inflict upon our enemies.”
“God isn't the son of Memory; He's the son of Immediate Experience. You can't worship a spirit in spirit, unless you do it now. Wallowing in the past may be good literature. As wisdom, it's hopeless. Time Regained is Paradise Lost, and Time Lost is Paradise Regained. Let the dead bury their dead. If you want to live at every moment as it presents itself, you've got to die to every other moment.” “Why do you love the woman you're in love with? Because she is. And that, after all, is God's own definition of Himself; I am that I am. The girl is who she is. Some of her isness spills over and impregnates the entire universe. Objects and events cease to be mere representations of classes and become their own uniqueness; cease to be illustrations of verbal abstractions and become fully concrete. Then you stop being in love, and the universe collapses, with an almost audible squeak of derision, into its normal insignificance.” “The real hopeless victims of mental illness are to be found among those who appear to be most normal. "Many of them are normal because they are so well adjusted to our mode of existence, because their human voice has been silenced so early in their lives, that they do not even struggle or suffer or develop symptoms as the neurotic does." They are normal not in what may be called the absolute sense of the word; they are normal only in relation to a profoundly abnormal society. Their perfect adjustment to that abnormal society is a measure of their mental sickness. These millions of abnormally normal people, living without fuss in a society to which, if they were fully human beings, they ought not to be adjusted.” “No social stability without individual stability.”
“The Savage nodded, frowning. "You got rid of them. Yes, that's just like you. Getting rid of everything unpleasant instead of learning to put up with it. Whether 'tis better in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows or outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them...But you don't do either. Neither suffer nor oppose. You just abolish the slings and arrows. It's too easy." “What a gulf between impression and expression! That’s our ironic fate—to have Shakespearean feelings and (unless by some billion-to-one chance we happen to be Shakespeare) to talk about them like automobile salesmen or teen-agers or college professors. We practice alchemy in reverse—touch gold and it turns into lead; touch the pure lyrics of experience, and they turn into the verbal equivalents of tripe and hogwash.”
“Great is truth, but still greater, from a practical point of view, is silence about truth.” “We are not our own any more than what we possess is our own. We did not make ourselves, we cannot be supreme over ourselves. We are not our own masters.” Sara Rodríguez Arias http://www.sararodriguezarias.webnode.com Soma is taken every day in order to feel good with yourself Compare it to pills nowadays He was born in Godalming, Surrey, England
He was the third son of the writer and schoolmaster Leonard Huxley and his first wife, Julia Arnold
Huxley began his learning in his father's well-equipped botanical laboratory, then continued in a school named Hillside. His teacher was his mother, who supervised him for several years until she became terminally ill.
Huxley's mother died in 1908 when he was 14
He study English literature at Balliol College, Oxford. In 1916 he edited Oxford Poetry and later graduated (B.A.)
He taught French for a year at Eton, where Eric Blair (later to becomeGeorge Orwell) and Stephen Runciman were among his pupils, but was remembered as an incompetent and hopeless teacher who couldn’t keep discipline. Huxley also worked for a time in the 1920s at the technologically advanced Brunner and Mond chemical plant in Billingham.
Huxley completed his first (unpublished) novel at the age of 17 and began writing seriously in his early 20s. His first published novels were social satires, beginning with Crome Yellow (1921).
During the First World War, Huxley spent much of his time at Garsington Manor, home of Lady Ottoline Morrell, working as a farm labourer
Works of this period included important novels on the dehumanising aspects of scientific progress, most famously Brave New World, and on pacifist themes (for example, Eyeless in Gaza). In Brave New World Huxley portrays a society operating on the principles of mass production and Pavlovian conditioning. Huxley was strongly influenced by F. Matthias Alexander and included him as a character inEyeless in Gaza. In 1937, Huxley moved to Hollywood, with his wife Maria, son Matthew, and friend Gerald Heard. He lived in the U.S., mainly in southern California, until his death, but also for a time in Taos, New Mexico, where he wrote Ends and Means (published in 1937). In this work he examines the fact that although most people in modern civilisation agree that they want a world of "liberty, peace, justice, and brotherly love", they have not been able to agree on how to achieve it.
In March 1938, his friend Anita Loos, a novelist and screenwriter, put him in touch with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayerwho hired Huxley for Madame Curie which was originally to star Greta Garbo and be directed by George Cukor. (The film was eventually completed by MGM in 1943 with a different director and cast.) Huxley received screen credit for Pride and Prejudice (1940) and was paid for his work on a number of other films, including Jane Eyre (1944). After the Second World War, Huxley applied for United States citizenship. His application was continuously deferred on the grounds that he would not say he would take up arms to defend the U.S. He claimed a philosophical, rather than a religious objection, and therefore was not exempt under the McCarran Act.
He married Maria Nys (10 September 1899 – 12 February 1955), a Belgian he met at Garsington, in 1919. They had one child, Matthew Huxley (19 April 1920 – 10 February 2005), who had a career as an author, anthropologist, and prominent epidemiologist. In 1955, Maria died of breast cancer.
In 1956 he married Laura Archera (1911–2007), also an author. She wrote This Timeless Moment, a biography of Huxley.
In 1960 Aldous Huxley was diagnosed with laryngeal cancer, and in the years that followed, with his health deteriorating, he wrote the Utopian novel Island, and gave lectures on "Human Potentialities" at the Esalen Institute, which were fundamental to the forming of the Human Potential Movement.
Despite his interest in spirituality and mysticism, Huxley called himself an agnostic.
The most substantial collection of Huxley's few remaining papers (following the destruction of most in a fire) is at the Library of the University of California, Los Angeles. Some are also at the Stanford University Library. 1939 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for After Many a Summer Dies the Swan.
1959 Aldous Huxley American Academy of Arts and Letters Award of Merit for Brave New World.
1962 the Companion of Literature by the Royal Society of Literature AWARDS Crome Yellow (1921)
Antic Hay (1923)
Those Barren Leaves (1925)
Point Counter Point (1928)
Brave New World (1932)
Eyeless in Gaza (1936)
After Many a Summer (1939)
Time Must Have a Stop (1944)
Ape and Essence (1948)
The Genius and the Goddess (1955)
Island (1962) NOVELS BIOGRAPHY WORK IN ORDER TO PRODUCE!
BE HAPPY, FEEL CONFIDENT, AND LOVE YOUR WORK.... SOME IMAGES: WORK CONSUME PRODUCE Manipulation Lies Real business