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LS- MH-CH.7 - INFORMATION PROCESSING & MEMORY

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Linda Olson

on 2 March 2017

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Transcript of LS- MH-CH.7 - INFORMATION PROCESSING & MEMORY

ATKINSON & SHIFFRIN-
A MODEL OF INFORMATION PROCESSING
MEMORY PROCESSES
ENCODING: Getting information into the
system.
CONSOLIDATION: Transforming a sensory perceptual experience into a long lasting memory trace
STORAGE: Holding information in a long term memory store.
RETRIEVAL - retrieving information from
long term memory
MEMORY - THE HUMAN COMPUTER
The human “computer” takes in information through the sensory register, which holds the information for a very brief period.

Identify the information processing approach. An analogy is the computer with its ability to systematically convert input to output. Emphasizes basic mental processes in attention, memory and decision-making

MEMORY
WORKING MEMORY: A mental scratch pad “that temporarily stores information while actively operating on it.
MEMORY
MEMORY: Our ability to store and later retrieve information about past events
LS- MH-CH. 7 - INFORMATION PROCESSING- MEMORY
PART 1

SHORT TERM MEMORY: The memory store in which limited amounts of information are temporarily held (saved) 7 items or chunks + 4-5 seconds
LONG TERM MEMORY: Memory store in which information that has been examined and interpreted is stored relatively permanently.
WATSON--JEOPARDY
10 year old memory genius
INFORMATION PROCESSING APPROACH
SEIGLER & others, 2015
This approach analyzes how individuals encode information, manipulate it, monitor it, and create strategies for handling it.
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->
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S
Stimulus
Attention
Memory
Thinking
R
Response
Does processing speed matter? How quickly individuals can process information throughout the life span is linked with their competence in many aspects of cognition.
ATTENTION:
The focusing of
mental resources.
ADHD- Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder-Disability in which children consistently show one or more of the following characteristics over a period of time:
1. Inattention
2. Hyperactivity
3. Impulsivity
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