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rachael lautenbach

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Iceland

World's 18th largest island
Located at the juncture of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans
30 minor islands off main island
320,000 population compared to U.S.'s 316,364,000
Many national parks
3,088 miles of coast and the highlands of Iceland are uninhabited
Iceland consists of lava fields, volcanoes, geysers, and tundra
Material Culture
Hallgrimskirkja Church, Reykjavik, Iceland
Iceland's 6th tallest architectural structure. Established in 1986. Lutheran church.
The Blue Lagoon is a spa near the Svartsengi power plant. Pumps hot water 2 miles beneath the earth. Plant generates electricity. Regarded as a mineral bath.
Knitted sweaters are common in Iceland due to cold weather. To the right is traditional wear of early 20th century Icelandic women.
Icelandic meats consist of mostly salmon, sausage, and lamb. Other cuisines like cheeses, mushrooms and blueberries are common healthy choices.
Transportation in Iceland is mostly cars and buses. There are no railways. Only 3,130 miles of Iceland's 7,996 are paved roadways.
Non-Material Culture
Iceland's Parliament

Iceland has a left-right multi-party system. The biggest parties are the centre-right Independence party centrist Progressive party.
Seat of the Cabinet of Iceland, Executive Branch
Iceland is a representative democracy and a parliamentary republic. The president of Iceland is the ceremonial head of state while the prime minister, along with the cabinet, is leader of the executive branch.
Icelanders have freedom of religion under their constitution . From a survey this was concluded:
76% member of Church of Iceland
11% Christian
10% unaffiliated
1% Atheist

One of the first countries is the world to legalize same-sex marriage. Ranked among the top 3 countries in the world for women to live. Ranked 13th in study of Yale University's most Environmental countries.
Sports are an important part of Icelandic culture since the population is generally active. The most common sport is Glima, a form of wrestling thought to have started in the medieval ages. Sports also include handball, basketball and winter sports like skiing and snowboarding.

Geothermal Power Plant

Naval Military Engineering
One of world's leaders in biotechnology
Solar Power
Iceland's official language is Icelandic, a North Germanic language descended from Old Norse. Icelandic Sign Language was officially recognized as a minority language in 2011. English and Danish are taught and school and widely spoken and understood throughout the country.
By law, Icelanders must follow the tradition of deriving their last name from the first name of their father (Patronymic system).
It is not appropriate to call an Icelander Mr. or Ms. since they do not have surnames. Everyone calls each other by their first name.

Shoes should be removed at the door when entering a home.
In Iceland, it is considered rude to give your host a gift when staying with them.
Values Gender Equality greatly.
There is a relative lack of formal marriage in Iceland. Almost 36% of women have children out of wedlock.
Icelanders are stressed from early on to be organized. The nation holds itself in high regard in the upkeep of public areas.
It is common for families to attend theatres, operas, or symphony orchestras.

Icelandic magical staves are symbols created with magical effect. These symbols date back to the 17th century and earlier. According to the museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft, the effects of the staves where very influential to the Icelanders of the time as most of them were subsistence farmers having to deal with the harsh climate.

Interesting Facts

Life expectancy in Iceland is 81 for women and 76 for men, one of the highest in the world.
An international study done in 2006 ranked Iceland the fourth happiest nation in the world.
More than 13% of the country is covered in tundra and glaciers.
Icelanders value literacy and hold the world record of books per capita.
Iceland was the last European country to be settled. The country's first occupants were Irish monks.
In 1980, Iceland elected Vigdis Finnbogadottir as the world’s first female head of state
Many Icelanders believe in elves. Certain roads have been re-routed to avoid disturbing areas where elves are thought to live.
Iceland in the News
Icelandic and Russian presidents set to meet at Arctic Forum
Icelandic President ólafur Ragnar Grímsson is set to meet Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin later this week at the The Arctic – Territory of Dialogue forum, revealed Putin’s aide Yury Ushakov. The two leaders intend to discuss key issues regarding cooperation between the countries, including business ties and trade, in addition to the two nations’ approaches to improving contacts in the region.
Concern over number of foreigners collecting Danish dole
The number of foreigners collecting unemployment benefits in Denmark is on the up, and the government is concerned about it. Over 7,000 EU citizens collected cash benefits in Denmark in 2012 after new regulations were brought in making EU citizens residing in other member nations eligible for public benefits after just 10 weeks of work.
Statistics show that one in seven foreign benefit recipients has been in the country for less than a year, and that number is rising.
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