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Kolb's Learning Styles & it's comparision to the VAK style of learning
Transcript of Kolb's Learning Styles & it's comparision to the VAK style of learning
Kolb's Cycle of
KOLB'S LEARNING STYLES:
This theory uses the three main sensory receivers, namely sight, sound and touch to determine the dominant Learning Styles of a person.
Accordigly, learners can be categorized as
.Most people may
have a preferred style of learning.
However, some people may have a
mixed and evenly balanced blend of
the three learning styles.
This theory has become very popular due to
its simplicity. It helps teachers to prepare lessons that cover all three types of learners.
The north-south continuum is called the
. It defines how we feel about a certain task. It is the mode of transforming experience (feeling and thinking).
+ = Transforming experience
(Our emotional response to the
We may gain new information either through thinking, analyzing and planning(
) or by experiencing the concrete, tangible, felt qualities of the world (
Kolb’s four learning styles are based on the four stage learning cycle described by him. Kolb’s model works at two levels.
Kolb has identified mainly four learning styles
At the first level of Kolb's Theory is the cycle of experiential learning, that applies to all of us.
At the second level come the learning styles that are specific to each one of us.
The east-west axis in Kolb’s Experiential learning theory is called the
. It includes watching and doing. It is the mode of grasping experience ie doing and watching.
Doing + Watching = Grasping Experience
(How we approach a task)
We may decide we want to watch how another person does the task before performing it ourselves(
) or we may decide to jump head on into the task and try it out ourselves(
The intersection of the processing and the perception continuum leads to the four learning styles
When we are encountered with a new learning situation, we decide if we want to do or watch and at the same time if we want to feel or think. This results in our preferred learning styles.
Kolb’s 3 different stages of Development:
The preferred learning styles of an individual may change as he/she matures. Kolb identified three different stages of our development:
-> Birth to adolescence.
In this stage our basic abilities and cognition are developed
-> Schooling, early work and personal experiences in adulthood.
In this stage an individual develops a personalized learning style that is influenced by his personal, social and work experiences.
-> Through mid career and later in life other non dominant learning styles may find domination.
According to Kolb, people clearly exhibit a strong preference to a certain style of learning.
Learning will be more effective if learning is oriented according to their preferences.
Eg-A person with an Assimilating style of learning will be clearly uncomfortable without proper instructions.
A person with an Accommodating style with be at sea without being able to get a hands on experience.
KOLB’S LEARNING STYLE-MATRIX
(Doing and Feeling)
Hands on learning style
Act on gut instinct rather
than logical analysis
Prefer to work in teams
Try different ways to
achieve an objective
(Feeling and Watching)
Prefer to watch than do
View situations from different angles
They are imaginative and emotional
(Doing and Thinking)
Find solutions to practical problems
Attracted to technical tasks and problems.
Experiment with new ideas
(Watching and Thinking)
Concise logical approach
Require good and clear explanation
More attracted to logical theories
Need time to think things
The Processing Continuum of Kolb's Learning Style includes Doing and Watching. In other words, for grasping the experience, we would use our sensory recievers, according to our preferences to a particular learning style. The Flemming's VAK learning style also suggests that a learner grasps an experience or new knowledge according to his prefered learning style, ie Visual, Auditory or Kinesthetic.
Thus the processing continuum that decides how we approach a task is similar to the VAK styles we choose.
The Perception Continuum talks about
how we feel about a certain task. It is our emotional response to the experience, and hence is called 'Transforming Experience'. We decide if we prefer to think logically with the head or feel the concrete, tangible, felt qualities. This perception is missing in the VAK model which only talks about how we absorb knowledge through a preferred sensory experience, but is silent about what we would do after absorbing the new experience.
Both the models are guides and not a set of rules, and need to be used with discretion!!!