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History of Film

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Amanda Watts

on 14 September 2014

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Transcript of History of Film

1990s
1980s
1960s to 1970s
2000s
Timeline of
Film Trends

Audery Hepburn as Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany's (FabAudery, 2007)
Sixteen Candles (released in 1984) has been described as the first movie to focus on white, middle-class teenagers (even the weirdos) and was therefore a big break in film fashion. Molly Ringwald's character makes her own clothing, but in reality the styling in this film was cutting edge.

Writer and director John Hughes made several films during the 80s, each making a winner out of the high school "loser". (Gross 2004)

Music

in Film //
1980s
Setting, Beauty, Fashion in Film //
1960s & 1970s
Sarah Jessica Parker - Sex and the City 1998
Beverly Hills 90210 - 1990
The A.V. Club. 2014. The Bataan Death March of Whimsy Case File #1: Elizabethtown · My Year Of Flops · The A.V. Club. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.avclub.com/article/the-bataan-death-march-of-whimsy-case-file-1-emeli-15577. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

Cher from Clueless: 90's Style Icon - theFashionSpot. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.thefashionspot.com/style-trends/101950-cher-from-clueless-90s-style-icon. [Accessed 14 September 2014].

Danny Elfman’s music from the films of Tim Burton – Programme Notes | Life at the Hall. [ONLINE] Available at: http://life.royalalberthall.com/2013/10/07/danny-elfmans-music-from-the-films-of-tim-burton-programme-notes/. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

Fashion in Film - Google Books. [ONLINE] Available at: http://books.google.com.au/books?id=FRVwZtaeGogC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false. [Accessed 01 September 2014]

I’m sorry for coining the phrase “Manic Pixie Dream Girl” - Salon.com. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.salon.com/2014/07/15/im_sorry_for_coining_the_phrase_manic_pixie_dream_girl/. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

History of 1960s Fashion and Textiles - Victoria and Albert Museum. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/h/history-of-1960s-fashion-and-textiles/. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

'80s Fashion: Top 10 Most Influential Movies and TV | Gastro ChicGastro Chic . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.gastrochic.com/2009/fashion/80s-fashion-top-10-most-influential-movies-and-tv/. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

Best songs from ’80s movies: 50 songs to take you back to the future. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.timeout.com/newyork/music/50-best-songs-from-80s-movies. [Accessed 14 September 2014].

Yuppie Rebellion Scores In Three Current Flicks - Los Angeles Times. [ONLINE] Available at: http://articles.latimes.com/1985-04-03/entertainment/ca-28683_1_current-films. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

When the Losers Ruled in Teenage Movies - New York Times. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2004/05/09/fashion/09VIEW.html. [Accessed 14 September 2014].
Ja'dore By Design. [ONLINE] Available at: http://jadorebydesign.wordpress.com/2013/05/19/fashion-quote-of-the-day-27/. [Accessed 14 September 2014].

All-Time Screen Beauties - 1980s - Movie News, Michelle Pfeiffer : People.com. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.people.com/people/package/gallery/0,,20301963_20308766_20682744,00.html#20682784. [Accessed 14 September 2014].

Metzger, M 2007, 'Making sense of credibility on the web: models for evaluating online information and recommendations for future research', Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, vol. 58, no. 13, pp.2078-2091

20 '90s Movies and the Songs That Remind You of Them | Complex UK. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.complex.com/pop-culture/2014/03/memorable-songs-from-90s-movies/. [Accessed 14 September 2014].

Best Fashion Moments of the 90s - 90s Fashion Trends - Marie Claire. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.marieclaire.com/fashion/trends/best-fashion-moments-of-the-90s#slide-1. [Accessed 14 September 2014].

Film History. 2014. Film History. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.filmsite.org/filmh.html. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

Fashion in 1960s Films list. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.listal.com/list/fashion-in-1960s-films. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

Best Movie Soundtracks - 2000s - Film Music, Classic FM. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.classicfm.com/discover/film-music/best-movie-sountracks/2000s/howard-shore-lord-rings. [Accessed 14 September 2014]

The 50 best films of the ’90s (1 of 3) · Best of · The A.V. Club. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.avclub.com/article/the-50-best-films-of-the-90s-1-of-3-86304. [Accessed 14 September 2014]
Brook Shields
Michelle Pfeiffer
Kim Basinger

The 1960s, at the beginning, was dominated largely by Parisian designers - aimed at the elite, wealthy crowd. This was evident in early ‘60s films, such as “La Dolce Vita”. Styling in later ‘60s films like “Rosemary’s Baby”, in which Mia Farrow’s styling has more of a British influence. The gamine look became more apparent and structure in fashion changed, resulting in looser lines and short skirts.

The shape of clothing was also influenced by new ideas emerging from the London pop scene. During the 60s in Britain, musical tastes and dress styles were closely linked. The mod look made iconic in the 60s had an important presence in film fashion throughout the decade, as evident in films such as “The Graduate” and “Lolita”.
(V&A Museum 2014)
Titanic
Revlon experts gave the housewives of the 60s advice like, A simple blending of a concealer cream and foundation will eliminate unsightly rings from large glasses. So if you fancy big sun shades, feel free to wear them. (Lawrence 1967)

Rosemary's Baby - Mia Farrow's character portrays the "gamine" look, which later became iconic (V&A Museum 2014)
Video for Cyndi Lauper's "The Goonies R Good Enough", which was released at the same time as the film. The video, marks the return of rebellion to the screen, and music in film. (London 1985)
Beauty, Fashion in Film //
1980s
La Dolce Vita was made in the early '60s, when high fashion was aimed at the rich and elite. (V&A Museum 2014)
Flashdance, released in 1983, proved to be quite important to 80s fashion. Jennifer Beals' off-the-shoulder, oversized baggy sweatshirt still gets appropriated to this day. This classic was also responsible for legwarmers. (Gastro Chic 2009)
Images sourced from: OnSugar.com
The 80s certainly held its own with dance musical films, with the release of Staying Alive, Flashdance, Dirty Dancing and Footloose. (Filmsite 2014)

Top hits in music on film during the 1980s included songs by Madonna, Cyndi Lauper, David Bowie and Prince. Many artists recorded songs or albums to be released at the same time as a feature film, as either the soundtrack or an accompanying release. (Time Out New York 2014)

The late 1980s marked the second time Director Tim Burton teamed up with composer Danny Elfman, for the film "Beetlejuice" (released in 1988) - Burton and Elfman went on to work together almost exclusively throughout the next decades. (Bleek 2013)


Prince, in "Purple Rain"
(source: beardedgentlemenmusic.com)
Michael Keaton in the iconic Tim Burton film "Beetlejuice", (image source: www.moustachemagazine.com)
Kevin Bacon's final dance in "Footloose"
Beauty, Fashion in Film //
1990s
Setting, Music in Film //
1990s
Beauty, Fashion in Film //
2000s
Setting, Music in Film //
2000s
Bibliography
Le Vuong // Amanda Watts // Laura Vigilante
Think about the popular movies from the nineties. Have you ever noticed that a song from these movies may pop into your head.

Say a Little prayer (My Best Friend's Wedding 1997), Pretty Woman (Pretty Woman 1990) and we can't forget Supermodel from the famous (Clueless 1995)
Films during the decade of 2000-2010 saw a trend in releases of comic book and fantasy films. In these types of film, the style of beauty for women was largely “quirky” or futuristic. Coloured hair, asymetrical and bold haircuts. Releases included Sin City, The Dark Knight, 500 Days of Summer and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind.

This decade was also the emergence of the “Manic Pixie Dream Girl” - a phrase coined in 2007 by film critic Nathan Rabin, described as “a fantasy figure who “exists solely in the fevered imaginations of sensitive writer-directors to teach broodingly soulful young men to embrace life and its infinite mysteries and adventures.”
(Rabin 2007)
The 2000s had a large retro influence, and the doe-eyed look was made popular again by characters played by Kirsten Dunst and Zooey Deschanel.
Kate Winslet in "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind", portraying what would be known as a 'Manic Pixie Dream Girl' character.
Clueless (image source style.mtv.com)
Jennifer Connelly in "Requiem for a Dream"
"Sin City" was one of many comic or book-themed films to emerge in the decade of 2000s. Others included: "The Dark Knight", "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" and "The Lord of the Rings".
Introduction //
Assessing Credibility
(Ja'dore by Deisgn, 2013)
(Hefa, Hogan, Quan, 2009)
(Vingan, 2013)
(Vingan, 2013)
Lord of the Rings Trailer
Online sources were assessed for credibility by using a simplified checklist based on the
Metzger Model
. Each source was evaluated for the following:

Currency
of information
Completeness
of information
Qualifications or credentials
of the author or organisation
Whether the views are presented
objectively or as opinion

(Metzger 2007 p.3)
“In 1995, the film '
Clueless
' inspired a revival of women's preppy clothing. The lead character, Cher Horowitz, had a profound influence on women's fashion and she is considered a fashion icon of the 1990s. The film and character popularized knee-high socks, thigh-high socks, blazers and skirts in matching plaid patterns, collared shirts, and micro miniskirts.”
(The Fashion Spot 2010)
Though the '90s was not renowned for being on par with the '60s or '70s, film wise, it was a time when Directors such as Martin Scorsese and Robert Altman released some of their best work.

More importantly though, the '90s marked the emergence of several new filmmakers who brought with them a new "quirky" dimension to American films. Among this list are Quentin Tarantino, who brought in with him an entire new category of films, the Coen brothers, and Wes Anderson. (The AV Club 2012)

It is known that, during the production of Wes Anderson's "Rushmore", Disney would not approve a scene involving a helicopter as it would have cost $75,000. Actor Bill Murray, whom had previously said he loved the innovative script so much that he would have acted in the film for free, wrote a blank cheque to Anderson to cover the cost. (IMDB 2014)

Music:
John Travolta reviving Uma Thurman in Pup Fiction, released in 1994

Jason Schwarzman and Bill Murray in Rushmore, released in 1998.

“…If you were to just sit and listen to all of Howard Shore's music for the epic trilogy of music for Peter Jackson's stunning adaptation… A lilting pastoral masterpiece that embodies the pastoral surroundings of the Shire and the extraordinary journey ahead in just a few minutes.” (Classic FM 2014)
The filming in
“The Lord of the Rings"
series was shot in over 150 different locations in and around New Zealand (Brian Sibley2002) within their conservation areas and national parks.

Due to the remote locations of some of the untamed landscape of New Zealand the crew had to take survival kits in case helicopters couldn’t reach the location to bring them home in time. (Brian Sibley 2002)



Some of the information herein has been adapted from the following:
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