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IOT Lecture 3, 2018

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Zoltan Schwab

on 19 February 2018

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Transcript of IOT Lecture 3, 2018

The art of listening
Genesis 1:1-2:4 - Creation of the World

D. 1 (1:1-5): Day and Night - D. 4 (1:14-19): Sun, Moon, and Stars

D. 2 (1:6-8): Sky and Sea - D. 5 (1:20-23): Birds and Sea creatures

D. 3 (1:9-13): Dry land - D. 6 (1:24-31): land animals, human beings

D. 7 (2:1-4): Sabbath
How to do Exegesis?
Slow down!
North American Christians live in a culture that is rife with impatience, and indeed cultivates it... If something is fast, you do not have to say any more to demonstrate that it is good, in everything from automobiles to computers to invasion strategies to reading techniques. I suspect that our infatuation with speed is bad for our souls in any number of ways, but in one area I am sure of it: speed-reading the Bible cancels most benefits of reading it at all. About six weeks into the Old Testament interpretation course, one of my first-year students said, "When I came here, I thought my problem was that I read too slowly. Now I realize I read too fast."

Ellen Davis, 'The Soil that is Scripture', in William P. Brown (ed.),
Engaging Biblical Authority: Perspectives on the Bible as Scripture
(Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2007) pp. 36-44
Immediate context
Biblical book
Section of the Bible
How to do Exegesis?
Slow down!
Pay attention to repetition!
Discover the structure!
Recognise the context!
How to do Exegesis?
Slow down!
How to do Exegesis?
Slow down!
Pay attention to repetition!
Discover the structure!
Recognise the context!
Ask questions: who, what, why, where, etc.
Which one represents the best exegesis?
Which one is the most 'biblical'?
A possible structure of an exegetical essay

about the genre and significance of the passage
about the Bible book (when written, by whom if known; theories on origins)
about the place of the passage in the book (i.e. context)
Structure of the passage
Verse by verse explanation or section by section explanation including:
literary observations (parallels, word-plays, repetitions, etc.)
problems in translation
unresolvable questions
Message / application for today (brief!)

Mind the referencing system!

Thank you!
Genesis 18:1-15
Read the text carefully (at least twice)
Note repetitions, parallels, and any other peculiarities
Try to divide the text into sub-sections, give titles
Note oddities (see also different translations)
Pay attention to context (cultural, textual)
Make a list of ‘discoveries’

And God said, "Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the dome of the sky." So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, of every kind, with which the waters swarm, and every winged bird of every kind. And God saw that it was good.

(Gen. 1:20-21, Day 4)

Technical solution: you have to learn the technical skills of reading well
Spiritual solution: you have to become a more spiritual person, a more mature person, someone who has a better theology
A 'parody' of a student essay:
Scholar X says this about verse 1...
Scholar Y says that about verse 2...
Scholar Z says this about verse 3...
Problem number 1:
what do you see in the text?
Phase I: Observation
Read through the text
Read it through again, this time marking:
- repeated words
- key words

Read it through again, this time marking:
- surprising things
- things you do not understand

Problem number 2:
What is the main point of the text?
Problem number 3:
What is the structure of the text?
Phase II: main point(s), structure

What are the main sections?
What titles would you give to the main sections?
How do they relate to each other?
What is the main subject?

Read the Exegesis Guidelines

Full transcript