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Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners

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Virginia Schmehl

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners

Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners
Chapter 3 Building Background

Developing Background Knowledge
Teachers can assist students by:
using techniques such as chapter previews and anticipation guides.
using visuals such as pictures and photos as a reference point when introducing context.
teach from a culture responsive perspective. Keeping in mind that an ELL culture may have an impact on their reading comprehension.
consistently activate students background knowledge by providing linkages from their experiences to the key concepts.

SIOP Model and Teaching, Lesson Planning
In the SIOP models teachers are urged to explicitly link a lesson's key content and language concepts to students' background knowledge, enabling them to forge connections between what they know and what they learn.
To develop a student's background knowledge you should keep in mind these three questions:
What is meant by activating prior knowledge?
What is meant by building background?
How do they differ instructionally?
As important as it is to connect and activate background knowledge. It is just as important to make connections to new material as well. Explicitly connecting past content and language learning to a new lesson's content and language concepts assists in understanding the previous day's material.

Teaching Ideas
Teaching Ideas
Read Aloud
Digital Jumpers
The Insert Method
Pretest with a Partner
Word Clouds
Word Sorts
Vocab Self Collection Strategy
Word Wall
Four Corner Vocab Chart
Concept Definition Map
Cloze Sentences
Word Generation
Word Study Books
Vocab Games
Self Assessments

K-12 curriculum is quite different country to country. English Language Learners are at a frequent disadvantaged because their school experiences may be considerable different from U.S. education. The goal is to identify any gaps the student might have in English or their native language and make connections of their educational background.
Effective teaching takes students from where they are and leads them to a higher level understanding. (Echevarria, Vogt & Short , 2013)
Key Vocabulary Emphasized!
Vocabulary Development is critical for ELL. It is strongly related to academic development and comprehension.
Content Vocabulary:
keys words and terms associated with particular topic being taught.
General Vocabulary:
academics words students must learn because they are used in all academic disciplines.
Word Part;
Roots and Affixes: word parts that enable students to learn new vocab.
 "Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn." -- Benjamin Franklin

Virginia Schmehl

Chapter 3 Building Background

Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners

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Wordle is an example of a word cloud strategy. Students can paste in text. The program will create a picture that sorts all of the important words by placing them in bold, larger letters
Wordle is a great program to create a summary with or
to point out the key vocabulary words.

Place logo
or logotype here,
delete this.

You will create your own Wordle to share with the class.
You can use your own piece of text or one of the articles I
linked below.


Your Task

Place logo
or logotype here,
delete this.
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