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The Truth in Superstition

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Eilish Devine

on 22 May 2012

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Transcript of The Truth in Superstition


The warriors came home from battle and told stories from the war. One warrior stood out, Beowulf.

No human could possibly swim through a storm in the ocean with full chain mail on and defend himself against a seaserpent and live to tell the tale. Or slay a monster in an underwater realm. The Truth in Superstion Dracula
The Brothers Grimm Fairy Tales To believe in fate... Can he control the weather? Has he been killing
the children? Does
him? History of Vampires Myths
Vampires Legends Around the World A woman has an affair with a man in the village She then comes home with a hickie on her neck She tells her husband a story about how a monster attacked her in the woods Husband then spreads this around town that there is a monster in the woods Becomes a legend of the land that there is a monster in the woods ready to attack women Bram Stoker finds the story and uses it in his story of Dracula The story is amped up so that now she has a bite mark on her neck This attack is from a Vampire Superstition of Vampire existing in reality Lady has a baby Her husband has been away for 5 years at war The baby is two years old The lady has had an affair She tells her husband that "HE" came in and put her in a trance and violated Husband goes around telling the story of his wife Bram Stoker takes the now myth and allows his character Dracula to put people in a trance Dracula comes into woman's room and puts them in a trance and then violates them without their knowledge Superstition of Vampires is that they come into your room at night and get you Religion is supposed to save a person from evil Evil is not a monster but sin Crucifix or cross represented this safely Bram Stoker makes the crucifix save a person from a different evil The monster of Dracula could be held off by a cross Superstition of crosses protecting from vampires, evil spirits, and monsters Ancient Persia- Vase depicting a man struggling against a man taking his blood
Babylonia- Deity known for drinking blood of babies
China- legend of the living dead
Aztecs-would offer up a youth's blood to the gods
Ancient Greece- blood thirsty goddesses
Lamiae: Witches
Empusae: Demons
Striges: Vampires
All capable of taking human form to charm them
Europe- Christianity was confused and used real blood and body
Switch from pagan to Christianity
12th Century- doctors prescribed virgin blood as a cure to illness
England- William of Newburg wrote books on Vampires
14th century- thought the plague was the work of Vampires
England- person buried alive would claw out and "rise" covered in blood and labeled a vampire
15th century- Gilles killed over 200 children for experiments on the philosopher's stone
Romania- Vlad the Impalar
Bram Stoker- writes Dracula; stereotype vampire "I read that every known superstition in the world is gathered into the horseshoe of the Carpathians, as if it were the centre of some sort of imaginative whirlpool; if so my stay may be very interesting."
Bram Stoker 2 "In trance she died, and in trance she is Un-Dead, too... There is no malign there, see, and so it make it hard that I must kill her in her sleep."
- Bram Stoker, Chapter 15, Dracula "I shall cut off her head and fill her mouth with garlic, and I shall drive a stake through her body."
- Bram Stoker, Chapter 15, Dracula 17th Century- Erzsebet Bathory kidnapping and torturing young women; blood to preserve her youth
Eastern Europe- Werewolves die and become vampires
1726 - first used in German "Vanpir"
1732 - French "vampyre"
18th century- enlightenment Age set out to destroy superstition
Rumors- born of a union between vampire and mortal could spot vampires.
Suspected vampires was done with special precautions,
driving a nail into the forehead of the corpse
smearing the body with pig's fat
placing a clove of garlic in its mouth.
These were only some of the methods used to prevent the suspected vampire from rising
1847 - Prest and Rymer longest vampire novel yet
Victiorian era- the vampire legend got to his peak
Bram Stoker writes Dracula
1922 - motion picture of Nosforatu
1987 - The lost boys
1992 - Dracula a movie
1994 - interview with a vampire
Anne rice the Vampire Chronicles
1990s - Buffy the Vampire Slayer
2008 - present ; vampire show crazy
True Blood
Vampire Diaries "With his left hand he held both Mrs Harker's hands, keeping them away with her arms at full tension; his right hand gripped her by the back of the neck, forcing her face down on his bosom. Her white nightdress was smeared with blood, and a thin stream trickled down the man's bare breast, which was shown by his torn open dress."
- Bram Stoker, Chapter 21, Dracula Vampire Legends From Around the World: The Later Era

"Vampire mythology around the world has always been associated with unknown, unexplained and unacceptable themes. Leukoderma, lepers, skin cancer patients, albinism patients, viral fever patients and in some cases even cancer patients were associated and alleged to be vampires. In addition, prostitutes, people having extramarital affairs and people who were too liberal about their social behavior were also associated with vampires. This may also given birth to the term 'Vamp' " - Asticus Kshol

Between the 12th and 18th centuries the Habsburg Monarchy was burdened with the belief in vampires.
Man unexplained illnesses and crimes were blamed on Vampires because of the lack in medical knowledge.
Because of the un-advanced medical world at the time their were many sudden deaths

Dr. Gerhard van Swieten was assigned to look into these cases and so he told the people that the stories they had heard as young children were true and a vampire was out there. All over the world their were vampires but they all had different names but similar stories
Slavic, Serbian and Russian the stories went through the roof
Croatia: Morana and Kuzlac
Romania: Moroi (nightmare) and Strigoi.
Roman: Mullo and Dhampirs.
Transylvania: the ruler Vlad the Impaler who was known for his ruthless killings.
Hindu: Goddess Durga Mesopotamian Vampire Legends and Myths

The stories from these times were found carved on shards of pottery
The tales of vampires suggest the existence of a demon who followed cannibalism and blood drinking
This vampire demon went by the name of Lilith or Lilitu
Persia, ancient Babylonia, Hebrew, and Jewish
Their stories were that this demon Lilith was the first wife of Adam
She left to become a demon leader
She kept strong by drinking the blood of newborns and their mothers

Later she is described as a goddess who would kill and drink the blood of young children and babies who didn't sleep at night
Because of the children having a different sleep cycles the stories of vampires sleeping during the day and awake at night came to be Greek and Roman Vampire Legends and Stories

These two great empires have such a related history the their mythology it twisted together.

Empusa in greek mythology was a vampire demigoddess
She would seduce men so that when they got close she would attack and drink their blood and the man's suffering would be associated with sleep paralysis.

Lamia Greek vampire who had affairs with married men most notorious was Zeus When her children were found they were killed and thus driving Lamia insane and not allowing her to sleep. She was a threat to children ad family.

Strix was a Roman vampire who could take the form of an owl-like bird or simply known as a shape shifter. Said to have attacked a baby prince when he was sleeping.
Most likley this creature was a vampire bat or an owl because of the night hunting these animals got connected to vampires After reading all the stories I believe that the real life events that happened long ago during ancient times such as an affair, sudden death from illness, disappearance of a child could not be explained. Because of these unexplained events the people needed something to blame for these disturbances so they could get on with their life. So the people turned to a story about an evil being and thus came the story of a vampire. Throughout history people have needed a physical thing to explain evil events that occurred, thus came the myths of vampires. When Bram stoker went to write his book, Dracula, he collected these stories and then took them to a new level. Instead of a young child dying in the night, they were taken by the count and their blood was dunk by three women vampires. Then after people read this book the superstitions of vampires came into full swing. A grand battle against the enemy Warriors from the battle come back to the village Warriors tell the There was an intnse battle The story of the leader of the army helping The story is an extreme exageration This hero of the battle is a great warrior This story is Becomes a legend Finally is written down by a monk as Beowulf villagers of the defeat told for years as an oral story A wolf or bear is attacking the village It is killing and taking the drunk people of the town Another drunk who fell asleep comes back with the story The leader of the battles comes to slay the monster He looks for the monster but it comes to him The warrior kills the animal Comes back with an exagerated story of killing a monster under water He also killed the family of the monster The story is retold over and over The story is combined with the warrior one This heard in his home Hygelac’s thane,
great among Geats, of Grendel’s doings.
He was the mightiest man of valor
in that same day of this our life,
stalwart and stately. A stout wave-walker
he bade make ready. Yon battle-king, said he,
far o’er the swan-road he fain would seek,
the noble monarch who needed men!
The prince’s journey by prudent folk
was little blamed, though they loved him dear;
they whetted the hero, and hailed good omens. ME thus often the evil monsters
thronging threatened. With thrust of my sword,
the darling, I dealt them due return!
Nowise had they bliss from their booty then
to devour their victim, vengeful creatures,
seated to banquet at bottom of sea;
but at break of day, by my brand sore hurt,
on the edge of ocean up they lay,
put to sleep by the sword. And since, by them
on the fathomless sea-ways sailor-folk
are never molested. The outlaw dire
took mortal hurt; a mighty wound
showed on his shoulder, and sinews cracked,
and the bone-frame burst. To Beowulf now
the glory was given, and Grendel thence
death-sick his den in the dark moor sought,
noisome abode: he knew too well
that here was the last of life, an end

of his days on earth. Beowulf was originally an oral story passed down through generations as a story of a great warrior who was almost at a supernatural talent by the time it got to the monk who put the story on paper for the first time. This story was not always about this warrior who could slay a monster; I believe that it started out as a war story. This story that came home was then exaggerated on and with the monk's interpretation was written down, then the text was translated into English and from this there is more change to the story. To this day Beowulf is now only a legend used to study in school and for scholars to try and figure out what it is really trying to say, which used to be told as entertainment for children. Russian The Baba Yaga
Chinese Yen-Shen
Indian Gift of the Crocidile
Egyptian Rhodopis
Korean Pear Blossom
Mexican Domitila
Caribbean Cendrillion
Vietnamese The Golden Slipper
Spanish Little Gold Star
African Mufaro's Beautiful Daughter's
Irish Fair, Brown, and Trembling
Native American Rough Face Girl
Appalachin Smokey Mountain Rose Stories of Cinderella Around the world accounts of a girl enslaved by her step mother who looses her slipper at a dance and falls in love with her prince charming 1785- Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm January 4
1786- Wilhelm Carl Grimm February 24
1796- Father Grimm dies leaving 6 Grimm Children
Jacob is only 11
1798- Both brothers start school eventually graduating at the top of their class
1802- Jacob enters the University of Marburg to study law
1803- Wilhelm enters the university to study law
Both brothers used their professor Fredreich Karl von Savigny
Says that in order to use the law you must understand the history and origin
The brothers adapt this and study this way on linguistics and philosophy
1806- Jacob leaves university to help support the family and takes a secretary position
The brothers begin collecting folktales (Germany)
1807- Jacob looses his job because Napoleon takes over Kassels
1808- Mother Grimm dies May 27th and Jacob has to take a position as royal librarian to Jerome Bonaparte
Doesn't like the title but is allowed to continue his studies and support his family
1809- kinder- und hausmärchen the first book is published and contains 86 stories
1813- The brothers publish Altdeutsche Wälder
1814- kinder- und hausmärchen second volume containing 72 stories
1815- Publish many different books
1816- Altdeutsche Wälder volume three published
1819- Publish two more books and receive honorary doctorates from university of Marburg
1825- Wilhelm Grimm marries Henriette Dorothea Wild
Have known and been working together for 20 years
1826- Irish fairy tales are published
1829- Become professors at the University in Gottingen
1837- Join in protest again the monarchy and are fired from their professor position
Begin working on German dictionary
1840- Become professors at the University of Berlin and continue the work on Dictionary
1848- Become part of the representative part of the government leave disappointed and continues studies
1852- Wilhelm retires from the university
1859- Wilhelm Grimm dies
1863- Jacob Grimm dies
They never finished the dictionary, not even to the letter 'G' other scholar finished for them The story of a young girl who has an evil step mother She goes to a ball and falls in love with the prince She marries the prince and lives happily ever after The Grimm Brothers search for folktales Find the girl's story and it is similar to others they heard Combine all the stories together to get Cinderella Now everyone associates stepmothers with evil Girls want to find a prince Charming Walt Disney gets a hold of the story A prince needs a bride A young girl come to the palace door for help Find an excuse to say she is a princess Say she is a princess because she can feel a pea under her matress becomes a legend and story The Grimm Brothers find this story and publish it Princesses are super sensitive A little boy and girl are lost in the woods for a long time They come back with stories of an evil witch the towns people brush it off as if nothing happened this happens again and again eventually the children don't come back Blame the parents Grimm brothers have a witch cook and eat the children They knocked on the door, and when the woman opened it and saw that it was Hansel and Gretel, she said, "You wicked children, why did you sleep so long in the woods? We thought that you did not want to come back." There she had to do hard work from morning until evening, get up before daybreak, carry water, make the fires, cook, and wash. Besides this, the sisters did everything imaginable to hurt her. They made fun of her, scattered peas and lentils into the ashes for her, so that she had to sit and pick them out again. In the evening when she had worked herself weary, there was no bed for her. Instead she had to sleep by the hearth in the ashes. And because she always looked dusty and dirty, they called her Cinderella. There was once a prince, and he wanted a princess, but then she must be a real Princess. He travelled right around the world to find one, but there was always something wrong. Growing up with the Grimm Brothers stories in Disney form has shielded me from unhappy endings. Recently I got a beautiful leather bound book of all the Grimm Brothers fairy Tales and I realized why Disney cut out parts of the stories. The stories for children are quite gruesome. For example, Rumplestiltskin, in this story he rips himself in half by stomping on the ground. This was one of my favorites as a child besides Cinderella and the death of Rumplestilitskin just went right over my head. So the story of the Grimm brothers finding all these stories and making a living out of this was amazing to me. Now everyone is writing books but this type of fairy tale writing had never been done before. They were able to put lessons into stories for young children and set an example. The definition of superstition according to Meriam-Webster Dictionary is, "a belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, trust in magic or chance, or a false conception of causation; an irrational abject attitude of mind toward the supernatural, nature, or God resulting from superstition DON'T OPEN AN UMBRELLA INDOORS.

Asians in ancient times believed in gods of the skies. Royalty often used umbrellas to shield themselves from sunlight. Opening an umbrella where the sun's rays didn't fall could have been interpreted as offensive to the sun.

Opening an umbrella in your living room may cause you to break a lamp or two, but it won't bring on bad luck. Opening it under clear skies, though, can definitely be lucky. When your skin is exposed to sun, ultraviolet rays can cause damage like sunburn. So protecting your skin--whether it's with sunscreen or an umbrella--is always a lucky idea. SUPERSTITION HOW IT MAY HAVE STARTED WHY IT'S NONSENSE NEVER LET A BLACK CAT CROSS YOUR PATH.

During medieval times--the period between the 5th and 15th centuries--many Europeans believed "witches" could turn into black cats.

The color of a cat can't cause bad luck. In fact, a black cat's color may bring it good luck. Some scientists think the same gene that turns a cat's fur black might help it fight infections. Ancient Egyptians believed cats of all colors were lucky. "Cats were considered sacred," says Egyptologist Lorelei Corcoran. When a cat died in some Egyptian households, everyone shaved their eyebrows in mourning. HOW IT MAY HAVE STARTED WHY IT'S NONSENSE AVOID STEPPING ON A CRACK, OR YOU'LL BREAK YOUR MOTHER'S BACK.

This is actually an American twist on a British rhyme: "If you tread on a crack or tread on a spout, it's a sure thing your mother will turn you out." According to the book The Lore and Language of Schoolchildren, the idea may come from the fact that some old English roads--many built during the Roman Empire--are weathered and cracked.

Morns everywhere would be in trouble if this really brought bad luck, since it's almost impossible not to step on a sidewalk crack. "Making concrete is like baking a cake," says Paul Looney of the Kentucky Department of Transportation. Cement powder and rocks are mixed with water. Looney explains that as it hardens, the water evaporates and the concrete shrinks, which causes tiny cracks that get bigger over the years. SUPERSTITION HOW IT MAY HAVE STARTED WHY IT'S NONSENSE SUPERSTITION HOW IT MAY HAVE STARTED WHY IT'S NONSENSE A WITCH LIVES IN THE WOODS

Small children got lost in the woods and fell asleep, having a dream that they thought was real. They come back with a colorful story of a lady in a candy house trying to eat them

If these are the same woods out side the village why have the men not found this witches house when out looking for wodd, or hunting SUPERSTITION HOW IT MAY HAVE STARTED WHY IT'S NONSENSE GARLIC WILL PROTECT A PERSON FROM VAMPIRES

The sentch and natral essencce would keep the evil away according to Van Helsing in Dracula

There are no Vampires and if something as determined as a vampire were to want to kill you they would find a way and not be stopped by a piece of garlic SUPERSTITION HOW IT MAY HAVE STARTED WHY IT'S NONSENSE "Ancient Warriors." Legends & Chronicles. United Kingdom and Worldwide Law,
Spring 2009. Web. 20 June 2011. <http://www.legendsandchronicles.com/
Anonymous. Beowulf. 20 Jun. 2011 <http://pd.sparknotes.com/lit/beowulf>.
Gilliam, Terry, and Ehren Kruger. The Brother's Grimm. 2006. Dimension Films,
2007. DVD.
Grimm, Jacob, and Wilhelm Grimm. Grimm's Fairy Tales. 1869. New York: FIne
Creative Media, INC., 2003. Print.
Ralston, W R. S. "Tales Similar to Cinderella." SurLaLune. fariytaltes.com, 23
June 2005. Web. 20 June 2011. <http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/
Stoker, Bram. Dracula. New York: New York: New American Library, 1965. Print.
Tomlin, C N. "THE TRUTH ABOUT 8 CREEPY SUPERSTITIONS ." National Geographic
Kids, Oct. 2010: 16-19. EBSCO student database. Web. 20 June 2011.
detail?vid=11&hid=122&sid=904a4779-4bf4-465f-a324-1d270e5d951a%40sessionmgr114&bd ata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=prh&AN=53838674>.
"Vampire Legends From Around the World." Buzzle.com. Google, 31 Aug. 2010. Web.
20 June 2011. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/
vampire-legends-from-around-the-world.html>. Works Cited SUPERSTITION
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