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Canada's Political System

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Anna Sellers

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of Canada's Political System

The Monarchy
Canada's Political System
The Constitution
Canada's political Parties
Other Parties
Canadian Action
Animal Alliance Environment voters
Christian Heritage
Progressive Canadian
Western Block
The NPD party is the official opposition.
Leader: Thomas Mulclair
Stands for: Social democracy.
Has 100 MP's

The Conservative party in power.
Leader: Stephen Harper
Stands for: Conservationism, Economic Liberalism.
Has 161 MP's
Leader: Justin Trudeau
Stands for: Liberalism
Has 36 MP's
Leader: Elizabeth May
Stands for: Green/Environmental politics
Has 2 MP's
Bloc Quebecois
Leader: Andre Bellavance
Stands for: Separating Quebec from Canada, Social democracy
Has 4 MP's
Judicial Branch
The Judicial branch is separate from the other branches.
All the people in the Judicial branch are from legal professions (lawyers and judges).
Who? THE courts and the supreme court
What do they do? Applies, interprets the law. Makes sure all the rights of Canadians are respected.
The Supreme Court
The supreme court is the highest court in Canada.
The supreme court is made up of nine judges. There is always an uneven number of judges so there are no ties.
The supreme court judges get appointed to their jobs by the PM and cabinet when there is an open spot.
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Who? The Prime Minister, The Cabinet and the Governor General.
What do they do? Run the government, propose bills and put laws into action.
Prime Minister
The PM is the head of Canada's government.
Our PM is Stephen Harper from the Conservative party.
The PM is first elected as an MP.
The PM is elected to be the leader of a party. Then if their party has the most seats in the house of commons then they will become PM.
The Cabinet
Cabinet Ministers are MP's who are responsible for different government departments.
Cabinet ministers are selected by the PM.
They are all MP's from the leading party.

Minister of Health
MP for Edmonton - Spruce Grove
Part of the Conservative party
Rona Ambrose
The House of Commons
Members of Parliament
MP's are voted into office by Canadians.
MP's main job is to debate, study and vote over bills and represent voters in their riding.
The party with the most MP's form the government.

Blake Richards
He is our MP in Canmore.
MP in the Wildrose riding.
Part of the conservative party.

Who? Members of Parliament, Senate, and The Governor General.
What do they do? Make laws and Represent Canadians.
The place where all the MP's debate and pass laws.
This is where MP's participate in Question Period (debate about bills, budgets ect.)
The house of commons is also known as the chamber of commons.
The Queen
Queen Elizabeth is the formal head of state in Canada and is purely symbolic.
By Anna Sellers
The Governor General of Canada
Our Gov. Gen. is David Johnson.
He represents the Queen of England.
The Senate
A Senator's main job is to represent Canadian minorities and to overview bills.
Senators are appointed by the PM.
Senators are from all the different political parties.
They meet in the senate chamber.
Grant Mitchell
He is part of the Liberal party
Mitchell was appointed by Martin (Liberal.
He is a senator who represents Alberta
The Constitution is "The highest law of the land."
It describes governance in Canada and how our country is set up and run.
The Constitution gives the Gov. Gen., and all the branches in Canada's government, a role and tell how they all work together.
Canada's Charter of rights and freedoms is included in the constitution.
Canada is pat of the Commonwealth, which means it is ruled by England's royal family.
The royal family plays a very small part in Canada's politics, it is mainly just symbolic.
This is The British North American Act which is part of Canada's Constitution and Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Wikipedia - Commonwealth of Nations <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations>
Wikipedia - List of federal political parties in Canada <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_federal_political_parties_in_Canada>
The Parliament of Canada <http://www.parl.gc.ca/SenatorsMembers/Senate/SenatorsBiography/isenator_det.asp?senator_id=2778&sortord=P&Language=E&M=M>
The Parliament of Canada <http://www.parl.gc.ca/Parliamentarians/en/members/Rona-Ambrose(25447)>
Lychak, Patricia, Darrell Anderson Grrets, Alain Nogue, and Jim Parsons. Issues for Canadians. Toronto: Nelson Education, 2008. 16-55. Print.
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