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Transcript of Adaptation Mind-Maps
Animal & Plant Adaptations
6th Period Biology
March 5, 2014
Leaf Structure Types
Structures/Methods to Prevent Water Loss
Methods of Getting Nutrients/Water
Wolves are extremely social animals who prey upon animals up to ten times their size. A single wolf could never hope to be able to take down such a large prey, and so they must work together in a group, in their case, a pack.
Adelie penguin males bring pebbles to their desired other in courtship. If accepted, they begin to build a nest together out of other pebbles.
A mother polar bear protects her cubs from any predators.
Hornets will try to kill you if you threaten their nest.
"Monkey see, Monkey do", basically. An older monkey uses a rock to crack open a nut. The younger, baby monkey will attempt the same to open its own nut.
A dormant state called torpor could be as important as helping small mammals to survive cold winters as hibernation.
Animals like these black bears would find it difficult to find food in the winter and so bypass the season with sleep.
During Madagascar's wet season, the fat-tailed dwarf lemur feasts on fruits, flowers, nectar, pollen, and some insects until the weather dries up again, and they drift off into torpidity.
Bacteria respond to stimuli by either moving towards it or away from it.
Dogs shaking themselves to dry after getting wet is actually a survival tool. Staying wet in the wild could be dangerous or even deadly. A soaking-wet coat, especially in long-haired dogs, can weigh heavily on them and make it harder to escape from predators.
A cat getting excited at the sound of a can opening or a bell ringing is because the cat has become accustomed to the sounds relating to food.
Ducklings will follow the first large moving object they observe.
Birds migrate to escape the harsh weather conditions that could threaten their lives or the lives of their young ones.
Exercise creates metabolic heat which raises the body temperature. Cooling mechanisms such as vasodilation and sweating begin, and the body temperature falls.
Rhinos use their massive size and strength as a defense mechanism, charging directly at would-be predators. When it perceives a threat, the rhino will charge head-first, using its horns to drive the enemy away.
The bee orchid resembles a female bee closely enough to attract males in search of a mate so that it can pollinate.
The arctic fox changes its coat to white for the winter and back to brown for the summer to blend in with its surroundings.
Cats, like humans, will automatically blink if anything touches, or comes near, their eyes.
This snapdragon has negative gravitropism because it is growing opposite from the ground.
These sunflowers always face in the direction of the sun.
These tree roots are growing towards the water.
This potted plant is growing towards the lamp, its light source.
This ivy plant is growing up the wall that it is touching.
This rose has thorns to keep animals away from it.
These seeds have attached onto this dog to be carried around until they fall off onto ground to regrow the plant again.
The ceanothus flings its seeds out of its seedpods to find new places to grow.
Coconuts fall off their trees and roll away to a new location where, with time, another coconut tree grows to repeat the same process.
Mangrove tree seeds germinate while still on the parent plant, and they drop into the ocean when about a foot long. These 'sticks' float upright in the sea, waiting to be flung onto the beach to continue germinating.
This sycamore tree's seeds have 'wing's that allow the seeds to fly great distances.
Plant roots help absorb nutrients and water.
Photosynthesis occurs in the leaves of plants, creating their 'fuel'.
Plants become dormant in the winter because it gets too cold.
Pansies reproduce through a pollination process, where the male flowers produce pollen that fertilize female flowers , which then drop the seeds.
Blackberries can reproduce asexually by sending out 'runners' and sexually with the help of their flowers.
Nepenthes form pitchers that hang from trees and rely on a pool of water to trap its prey.
Avocados have 'stone' seeds.
Cantaloupe have grain-like seeds.
The first root produced from a seed is called a radicle In many dicotyledonous plants, this root greatly enlarges to become the most prominent root of the plant and is known as the tap root. Many smaller roots may grow from the tap root.
In monocotyledonous plants,the radicle is short lived and is replaced by numerous roots of more or less equal size. This is called a fibrous root system. These roots are adventitious, which means they can from plant organs other than roots.
Poison ivy produces urushiol to protect the plant from herbivores.
The leaf blade is the flattened part of the leaf.
The petiole is the leaf's stalk.
Evergreens have needle-like leaves that don't lose much water.
This leaf is folded up so that it ends up trapping water so that it does not lose it quickly.