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Classical Civilization's Impact on our Modern-Day World
Transcript of Classical Civilization's Impact on our Modern-Day World
One example of the Roman and Greek innovative architecture was the aqueducts. These were bridge-like structures built from a water source outside of the city, bringing the water into the city. It was a new form of irrigation that still remains in Greece. We have modified this method to allow for irrigation on our farms, and bringing water into cities.
The Romans created a government that would let the power in the citizens with the ability to vote, and was exercised by representatives chosen, also known as a REPUBLIC.
This method of governing kept the high and low classes happy by allowing representatives of the plebeians, the tribunes. This is seen in city elections (as well as our national government), where we elect officials to serve in a bigger court and represent our beliefs.
Christianity began in Rome, and was led by Paul of Tarsus-whose job was to spread Christianity throughout the Mediterranean Basin. Missionaries traveled about, creating churches and converting people. Today, there are 2 billion followers of Christianity, along with churches and schools teaching about following Jesus and Christian beliefs all over the world.
Because agriculture was so important, the Chinese people felt it necessary to build water mills and harness that energy gathered from the water to power things like grain grinding. This invention was just modified over the years to better fit our needs-in ways like adding metal parts, and creating electrical energy instead of grain-grinding energy.
Chinese Water Mills
From the Romans and Greeks, we were influenced by their start of Christianity, their republic and government styles of governments, and architecture, such as columns and aqueducts.
Along the Persian Royal Road, courier stations were set up so that messengers could rest and get new horses and store mail at those stations. This became the idea behind out modern day post office, where mailmen exchange and store mail, and people go to send mail.
Something new during the Classical Era in Persia was religions of salvation, which promised an amazing life after death. This belief set the stage for belief systems like Zoroastrianism, and later, for Christianity, Judaism, and Mithraism
Religions of Salvation
Zoroastrianism--As a place of monotheistic religions and religions of salvation, Persia set the stage for other beliefs such as Judaism and Christianty, which we see and are involved in today
Indian religions were the most passed down cultural feature from the Classical Era India. Hinduism is a religion that we still see today, even in our own cities.
A religion based off of your social class/job, Hinduism was based off of the Vedas, writings that taught fulfilling one's purpose, prosperity, desire and enjoyment, and enlightenment.
The Guptan and Mauryan Empires
Originally started in Greece, the democracy was a style of government where the eligible classes made up and participated in the Senate and government, and this was usually through elected officials. This method of government can be seen in our own government today, in the US Government and also in state government and elections.
Confucianism was the most prominent religion in China, so once it was pronounced that, schools and governments began to become based off of it. This is seen in our own communities, as schools and clubs and associations base their mission statements off of religious beliefs.
Modern Hindu temples include one in Houston, the Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Temple. Here, Hindus practice the beliefs taken from India during the Classical Era.
The Chinese contributed things like beliefs systems, new inventions and architecture like water mills, which helped with agriculture production, and the idea of a government and learning standard being based off of a religion. All of these things are present in our world today-in China, and in the US.
Because Confucianism was the most prominent religion in China, and was supported by many of the emperors, they began to adopt Confucian ideas for government and military basis. This idea of basing government off of religion is not seen as much in the modern-day.
Persia contributed ideas like courier systems, monotheistic religions, and religions of salvation to the rest of the Persian culture, and to our culture in the United States.
Here in Houston, Texas, at St. John's School, we have been studying cross cultural exchanges throughout the Classical Societies and Eras. The classical civilizations of Rome, Greece, India, Persia, and China created and left behind many important things that helped inspire and influence many of the things we use and see today. The classical civilizations had a long-term impact on today’s world through architecture, religions, and government systems.
Modern Hindu places of worship
The Gupta and Mauryan Empires were military dependent governments, which meant that their government and politics was ruled mainly by military officials. This is not really the case anymore, although the military does factor into the decisions that our government makes.
Religion Facts-Hindu Beliefs. http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/beliefs.htm
Federal Government of the US. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_government_of_the_United_States
Chinese Watermill. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watermill
Top Religions of the World. http://www.godweb.org/religionsofworld.htm
Roman Republic. http://historywarsweapons.com/the-roman-republic/
Greek Democracy. http://eutopialaw.com/2011/11/09/greek-‘sovereignty’-and-european-‘democracy’/
Chinese Water Mills. http://scenery.cultural-china.com/en/148Scenery14143.html
Works Cited-Pictures cont.
Courier Systems. http://persian-rice.deviantart.com/art/Courier-1959-64660836
Hindu Temple. http://rahulbemba.blogspot.com/2012/01/hindu-temples-i-have-visited-part-iii.html
Mauryan Empire. http://withfriendship.com/user/mithunss/maurya-empire.php