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Communist Regime in Bulgaria after WWII (1945-1989) - History

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Bogomila Katsarska

on 16 May 2013

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Transcript of Communist Regime in Bulgaria after WWII (1945-1989) - History

How it began? The Rising Other Things Cultural and Social
Development Movies, Music
and Literature Todor Zhivkov in power Todov Zhivkov(1954-1989) bring the greatest prosperity of Communist Bulgaria both in political and economical perspective. He adopts some of the ways of his predecessors but he implies his own methods in order to make Bulgaria one of the grates countries on the Balkan peninsula. He brings the whole population to work for its own good.
-He makes the Bulgarian heavy industry very prosperous.
-He starts the petroleum industry in the regions of Pleven and Burgas
-He brings a lot of foreign architects from the Eastern Block to make plans for the development of the Bulgarian cities in cultural and civil aspects.
-He builds AEC Kozludui and puts Bulgaria on 1st place in energetic level to such stage that we start to export electricity.
-The agriculture of the country is the most developed thing - export of goods for USSR
-He supplies the whole country with water
-He builds roads
He was very clever politician who didn't come along with the Soviets very often. USSR and the Western Allies divide
Europe in two halfs after the WWII.
In each half the former allies tried
to imply their own political regimes.
In Western Europe - capitalism
and in Eastern - communism.
Bulgaria as part of the eastern
counties falls under the rule of
communism after September9th, 1945 - Georgi Dimitrov(1946-1949) puts the foundations of the so-called Stalinist communism in Bulgaria. He tried to make Bulgaria almost the same as the USSR and he did it. Because of that Bulgaria is the most loyal country from the Eastern Block to the USSR till 1989. There were a lot of speculations if Dimitrov died naturally or was killed in 1949 by his beloved friend - Stalin. Dimitrov was buried in the Mausoleum on Batemberg square. After his rule comes Vulko Chervenkov Communist regime in Bulgaria after WW II
1945 - 1989 Zhivkov developed sports - built stadiums,
sport academies, promoted players, etc. Education in Bulgaria was obligatory not only for Bulgarians but for the minorities. The system was very developed. Students were divided in certain groups - "chavdarcheta" , "pionercheta" and "komsomolci". They weren't only studying at school but also helped in other social spheres - culture, sports, building, movies, etc. -The movies were with historical and ideological
purpose. They were censured and controlled by
the Government.
-The music was mostly early pop with national aim. Famous singers were Lili Ivanova, Emil Dimitrov, Pasha Hristova, Yordanka Hristova, Biser Kirov, Orlin Goranov, etc.
-The literature was marked after the political changes in 1944. Again there was grate censorship. The themes were about the new socialist society. Famous authors were Dimitar Dimov, Dimitar Talev, Radoi Ralin, etc. Presented by Bogomila Katsarska Even before the coming of the Soviets there were
already some communists political movements in
Bulgaria. Some of them were BCP, "Otechestven front" and earlier BZNS(Bulgarian Agricultural Peoples' Union) but the last one was not fully communist. In 1945 there were "elections" and they were won by BCP. The victory was ensured by Georgi Dimitrov who had strong reputation in the worldwide communist party. -Vulko Chervenkov(1949-1954) was famous for his self-confidence. He pretended that he can make even better political system than the one of Stalin. He is the first who creates the labor camps of death in which he sends mostly political enemies who don't share his views. His cruelty was directed towards communists with more humane understandings. He didn't help for the economical prosperity of the country rather than dealing with his own problems. After the death of Stalin he was removed of office because he was accused of his cult of personality. "Iunak" and "Vasil Levski" Stadium Stefka Kostadinova's jump NSA "Vasil Levski" Georgi Asparouhov Conflicts The Prague Spring was in 1968 and Bulgaria wanted military intervention in Czech republic due to uprising against the socialism. Bulgaria was the 1st country to send military forces and stopped the revolution. External Internal The minority crisis when a lot of people in the region of Razgrad and Kurdzhali wanted to have independent state but Zhivkov sent military forces in these regions and forced the people either to leave or to change their names. Most of them left. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION ! Dimitrov's Communist Youth Union Chavdarcheta Pionercheta
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