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ALCOHOLISM

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by

Maira Figueroa

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of ALCOHOLISM

ALCOHOLISM
By: Mairacely Figueroa & Selena Rivera
WHAT IS ALCOHOLISM?
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Problems controlling your drinking
Preoccupied with alcohol
Continuing to use alcohol even when it causes problems
Having to drink more to get the same effect
Having withdrawal symptoms when you rapidly decrease or stop drinking.
NATIONAL
ETHNICITY
Diagnosis
The following questions are used by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to screen for alcohol abuse:
Have you ever had any blackouts after drinking?
Have you ever missed work or lost a job because of drinking?
Tests that may be done include:


Blood alcohol level


Complete blood count (CBC)

Liver function tests

Magnesium blood test
SYMPTOMS
Behavioral cont...
PHYSICAL
Physical cont...
Lapses in memory after a night of drinking
Illnesses, such as alcoholic ketoacidosis (includes dehydration-type symptoms) or cirrhosis.
Support groups
Support programs can usually offer:

Counseling and therapy
Mental health support
Medical care

ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS (AA)


A support group for recovering alcoholics
offers emotional support
A support group for partners and others who are affected by someone else's alcoholism.
Women for Sobriety

is a support group for women.
Moderation Management
is a program for those who want to reduce how much they drink.
LifeRing recovery and SOS are two nonreligious programs that offer support for people with alcohol abuse.

EPIDEMIOLOGY
A chronic and progressive disease.
Treatment programs can help you
quit. However, drinking again after
treatment is common.
With treatment, about 70% of people with alcoholism are able to decrease the number of days they consume alcohol.
There is a high relapse rate for those dealing with alcoholism. Relapse is a real danger and it can occur even when people have been sober for decades.
The health care provider performs a physical exam and asks questions about the patients medical and family history, including use of alcohol.

Is someone in your family worried about your drinking?
Do you ever drive when you have been drinking?
Continued...
Continued:
Continued...
AL-ANON
Alcoholism is influenced by genetic, psychological, social and environmental factors that have an impact on how it affects your body and behavior.
The process of becoming addicted to alcohol occurs gradually.
The cause of alcoholism is still unknown. However, dependency on alcohol develops when you drink so much alcohol that chemical changes in the brain occur.
Alcohol cravings
Withdrawal symptoms including shaking, nausea, and vomiting
Tremors in the morning after drinking
BEHAVIORAL
Drinking alone
Becoming violent or hostile when asked about drinking
Neglecting personal hygiene and to eat
Missing work or school because of drinking
Making excuses to drink
Continuing to drink even when legal, social, or economic problems develop

AGE AND GENDER
Ages 26+
Can you guess?
Whites
Black
American Indians
Asian
Hispanics
Can you guess?
F-
M:
18-24
F-
M:
25-34
F-
M:
35-44
F-
M:
44-55
F-
M:
55+
Can you guess?
Australia
Canada
France
Germany
U.K
Japan
U.S

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