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How Lord of the Flies Reflects a Psychological Allegory
Transcript of How Lord of the Flies Reflects a Psychological Allegory
The superego is the part of the mind that controls impulses based on personal morals.
How Lord of the Flies Represents a Psychological Allegory
The id is the part of consciousness that gratifies impulses. It has a physical effect on a person.
The ego is the part of the mind that controls impulses based on societal norms.
By Catherine Fei
William Golding made a statement that we can't escape our savage, violent tendencies. There are three parts of a psychological allegory and they are the different aspects of the human psyche.
"He looked at himself in astonishment, no longer at himself but at an awesome stranger. He split the water and leapt to his feet, laughing excitedly. Beside the pool his sinewy body held up a mask that drew their eyes and appalled them. He began to dance and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling. He capered toward Bill, and the mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness." (64)
"Jack spoke loudly.
'This head is for the beast. It's a gift.'
This silence accepted the gift and awed them. The head remained there, dim-eyed, grinning faintly, blood blackening between the teeth. All once they were running away, as fast as they could, through the forest toward the open beach." (137)
Jack uses the paint as a mask to hide from shame and he forgets about his ego and superego so that he can act however he wants; and the only thing left is the id.
In this scene, the hunters are giving themselves over to savagery and the id. The pig's head on the stick represents their acceptance of evil.
"Roger stooped, picked up a stone, aimed, and threw it at Henry - threw it to miss.... Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life. Round the squatting child was the protection of parents and school and policemen and the law." (62)
"In his other life Maurice had received chastisement for filling a younger eye with sand. Now, though there was no parent to let a heavy hand, Maurice still felt the unease of wrongdoing." (60)
Although Maurice realizes that there is no one to punish him, he still feels bad about doing bad things, like kicking sand into Percival's eye.
"Simon, sitting between the twins and Piggy, wiped his mouth and shoved his piece of meat over the rocks to Piggy." (74)
Simon saw that Jack was being unfair and mean towards Piggy and knew it was wrong, so he gave Piggy his piece of meat.
A modern day example of the struggle for power between the id, ego, and superego is my never ending hunger. I have to control myself from raiding the kitchen and eating everything because that's just wrong and my mom won't appreciate that because she'll have to buy everything all over again.
"Ralph held out his hands for the conch and the littluns sat down." (71)
Ralph is carrying out his responsibility and he is being the leader. To do this, he creates rules and uses for the conch to maintain order.
Roger, intending to cause harm to Henry, is throwing rocks at him, but he instinctively misses because he is used to having someone protecting his innocent victims.