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Mountain Lion

Ecology
by

Travis Rector

on 18 December 2013

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Transcript of Mountain Lion

Mountain Lion

Mountain Lion are usually a solid tawny color, with the fur being darker on the back and white fur on their stomach.
Warm/Humid Climate: Darker, reddish brown fur.
Cold Climate: Thicker, longer fur that is a silver-gray color.
They are the largest wildcat in the United States.
They have powerful limbs.
They can use the limbs to jump as high as 15 feet and as far as 40 feet.
Can climb with ease.
Adult Males weigh 40-60 percent more than adult females.
Males: Around 150 Ibs
Females: Around 100 Ibs
Moutain Lion's mating season is commonly lasts from December to March, but can occur at any time.
Their gestation lasts 82-96 days.
Their litter size is commonly 2-4 kittens.
The mother raises these kittens alone
She nurses them for two months.
After two months, she takes the kittens with her to teach them how to hunt.
Kittens remain with mother for 1.5 -2 years.
Other males who enter a males range often kill the kittens so the female would be more willing to mate.
Mountain lions are carnivores. Their diets consist entirely of meat.
Eat large mammals such as deer, and eat smaller mammals such as mice, squirrels, porcupines, racoons, rabbits, and beavers.
They have also been known to occasionally eat insects.
Habitat
They can be found from Northern Canada through Western United States and Florida (Southern area), Central America, and into most of South America.
Mountain Lions live in a variety of habitats:
Forests
Prairies
Deserts
Swamps
Mountain Lions live in home ranges that range in size from 30 - 125 sq. miles.
Males usually have the largest range.
These ranges can overlap other Mountain Lion's ranges, and usually overlap ranges of several females.
Mountain Lions usually find shelter under thick brush, rocky crevices, or caves.
Interesting Facts
Keystone Species
Umbrella Species

Mountain Lion
Description
Behavior
Video
Reproduction
Video
Diet
Sources
The Mountain Lion is known by many common names:
Puma
Cougar
Panther
Catamount
The Mountain Lion's Scientific Name:
Puma concolor
Type of Species
Mountain Lion is a
Keystone
Species.
It is also known as an
Umbrella
Species



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Mountain Lions interact with each other when their ranges overlap.
They can leave "messages" with urine, feces, scratches on logs, and marks they scrape on dirt or snow.
Can growl, hiss, mew, spit, and purr to communicate with other cats.
Can use a high-pitched scream or a whistle-like call.
Hind legs are usually more powerful than the front legs so that their jumps are more powerful.
They have a highly flexible spine like a cheetah.
Allows them to change position quickly and maneuver around obstacles.
They are usually "ambush hunters", which means they launch themselves at prey to knock them off balance.
They have keen eyesight.
Most active at dusk and dawn.
They hunt over long ranges.
They often bury their food to save for a later time.
http://animals.timduru.org/dirlist/puma%20cougar/wildcat11-cougarCatchPrey.jp g
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A healthy Mountain Lion in the wild can live to around 10 years of age. In captivity, they can live as long as 20 years.
Mountain Lions are currently listed as Endangered under the Endangered Species Act.
Deaths occur from:
Farmers protecting live stock
Habitat Loss
Poaching
Fragmentation
Automobile accidents
Mountain Lions are no longer found in the Eastern United States, except for Florida (Florida Panther), which is critically endangered.
http://animalfactguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/worldmap_cougar.pn g
http://www.cougarfund.org/conservation/
http://www.mountainlion.org/publications/When_Balance_is_Not_Enough.pdf
http://keystoneconservation.typepad.com/keystone_conservation/mountain-lions.html
http://mountainlion.org/FAQfrequentlyaskedquestions.asp
http://www.defenders.org/mountain-lion/basic-facts
http://www.mountainlion.org/featurearticlewhenbalanceisnotenough.asp
http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/mountain-lion-puma-cougar
http://www.animalfactguide.com/animal-facts/cougar/
http://www.dfg.ca.gov/snbs/SheepPredators.html
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061024214739.htm
https://ice.ucdavis.edu/node/186
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