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Comanche Indians

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Alex Leach

on 22 October 2013

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Transcript of Comanche Indians

Comanche Indians
Who Are The Comanche? (With HISTORY! And a lot of names..)
Relationships With Neighbors
Primarily, The Comanche People were hunters and looters.

The Comanche had a lot of conflict with both sworn enemy's and allied tribes.

They had moved around, attacking and taking over territory occupied by other tribes.

The tribes they attacked and stole from were: the Crow, Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and the Apache.

The Comanche traded horses with other plains tribes.

The Comanche also obtained Ponies from the Spanish settlers nearby.

The tribes the Comanche traded most with were the Wichita and Osage tribes.

Other tribes the Comanche fought with and were also friends with at times were the Kiowas and Utes.
Life In The World Of Today
In Today's world, most of the Comanche's live in Oklahoma.

The Comanche speak English while some elders speak their native Comanche language.

The Comanche language is endangered because the children of the Comanche aren't being taught the language.

Comanche's put up te-pees only for fun or to connect with their heritage. The tee-pees aren't used for shelter anymore. The Comanche People live in modern houses and apartments just like us.

The Comanche's still own moccasins and/or a buckskin dress, or warrior's shirts, but they wear jeans instead of breechcloths, and they only wear regalia (emblems or insignia of royalty) on special occasions for weddings or dances.
Bibliography
http://www.legendsofamerica.com/tx-redriverwar.html

http://www.comanchelanguage.org/Comanche%20History.htm

http://www.indians.org/articles/comanche-indians.html

http://www.comancheindian.com/

http://www.bigorrin.org/comanche_kids.htm

http://www.ars.usda.gov/Aboutus/aboutus.htm?modecode=62-00-00-00

http://www.omniglot.com/writing/comanche.htm

http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-commanche.html

http://warriors.warren.k12.il.us/dmann/comanche.html

http://www.shareslo.com/2013/09/03/how-to-have-an-awesome-relationship-with-your-new-college-neighbors/

http://www.comanchelanguage.org/Products%20For%20Sale.htm

http://www.ehow.com/info_8615828_customs-comanche-tribe.html

http://www.native-languages.org/houses.htm#tipi

http://forums.powwows.com/f13/moccasins-50011/

http://www.cascity.com/forumhall/index.php?topic=34202.0

http://www.firstpeople.us/pictures/buffalo/ls/Pair-Of-Buffalo-1024x768.html
The Comanche tribe were first a part of the northern Shoshone tribe of Wyoming, however, they were split off from them and migrated to their modern location in the Southern Plains.

The Southern Plains consist of the states:

Arkansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.

The land that the Comanche controlled was called: Comancheria.
Housing
Comanche People lived in tee-pees similar to most plains natives.

A tepee is made of a cone-shaped wooden frame with a covering of buffalo hide.

Like modern tents, tee-pees are carefully designed to set up and break down quickly. As a tribe moved from place to place, each family would bring their Te-pee poles and hide tent along with them. Carried by a horse, or prior to horse power, lots of dogs. Like a dog sled.

Originally, tee-pees were about 12 feet high, but once the Plains Indian tribes acquired horses, they began building them twice as high.
Religion
Their religion was meager, or lacking quantity or quality.

Comanche believed in both good and evil spirits.

When praying to the spirits, they would begin with the smoking ceremony as mentioned before, but the first puff of exhaled smoke would be for the Great Spirit.

The Comanche had their own form of the Sun dance, it was performed at regular intervals throughout the year.

In 1890, other tribes participated in performing the "Ghost Dance," but the Comanche did not participate.
Clothing
The Comanche women wore long deerskin dresses, while the men wore buckskin war shirts and breech cloths with leather leggings.

The women's dresses and the men's warrior shirts were fringed and painted with tribal designs.

The Comanche People wore moccasins on their feet which was made of deer skin, or soft leather that was stitched together.

In the cold weather, The Comanche People wore long buffalo-hide robes.

In the 1800's some of the Comanche men preferred to wear the long father head dress of the Northern Plains tribes.

After some time in the future, The Comanche adapted to wear European clothing such as cloth vests and colorful blanket robes.
~The Following Slides will tell about Comanche Culture~
Have Some Interesting Facts About Comanche Customs!
The customs that the Comanche have mainly have to do with warfare, spirits of all living things, and names.

During warfare, it was a custom to make contact with the enemy without actually hurting them, the Comanche stole their enemy's weapons and forced them to surrender. This showed that the Comanche were brave and did not have to destroy or conquer.

Comanche Natives also had a custom to cut off a portion of their food to offer to the spirits, they would hold it up to the sky, and then bury it in the earth for the spirits.
The Comanche tribe are a Native American tribe who began settling in the Southern Plains of North America. This dates all the way back to around the 1700's.
The name "Comanche" is a household word that has been used in many fiction novels, TV shows, video games, and etc.
This word is believed to be from a "Spanish interpretation" of their Ute name " Kohmahts" which means: Those who are against us, or want to fight us.
The Comanche People call themselves "Numunuh" meaning: The People.
Explorers knew the Comanche as "Padouca" their Siouan name.
They obtained and breeded horses to use for transportation, fighting other tribes, and hunting.
The Comanche tribe were warriors, good traders, thieves, and survivors.
The Comanche were known as lords of the Southern plains. (Most likely because of the fact that they had horses, weapons, shelter, and were fierce warriors)
The Comanche were also one of the tribes that was forced to move to "Indian Territory" during the Red River War in 1874-1875.
Where Was The Comanche Tribe Located?
Language Of The Comanche Tribe
By Alex Leach
~INTERMISSION~
Brought to you by:
Story Time, With Alex Leach

"Take it back where you found it!" roared Humpback, and his frightened son did as he was told.
As soon as the killdeer was released it returned to where the people were camped and changed back to Coyote. "I have failed," he said, "but that makes no difference. I will try again in the morning. Perhaps a small animal will be better than a bird."
The next morning when Humpback's son went to the spring, he found a small dog there, lapping at the water. The boy picked up the dog at once and hurried back into the house. "Look here!" he cried. "What a nice pet I have."
"How foolish you are, boy!" Humpback growled. "A dog is good for nothing. I'll kill it with my club."
The boy held tight to the dog, and started to run away crying.
"Oh, very well," Humpback said. "But first let me test that animal to make certain it is a dog. All animals in the world are schemers." He took a coal of fire from the hearth and brought it closer and closer to the dog's eyes until it gave three rapid barks. "It is a real dog," Humpback declared. "You may keep it in the buffalo corral, but not in the house."
This of course was exactly what Coyote wanted. As soon as darkness fell and Humpback and his son went to sleep, Coyote opened the back door of the house. Then he ran among the buffalo, barking as loud as he could. The buffalo were badly frightened because they had never before heard a dog bark. When Coyote ran nipping at their heels, they stampeded toward Humpback's house and entered the rear door. The pounding of their hooves awakened Humpback, and although he jumped out of bed and tried to stop them, the buffalo smashed down his front door and escaped.
After the last of the shaggy animals had galloped away, Humpback's son could not find his small dog. "Where is my pet?" he cried. "Where is my little dog?"
"That was no dog," Humpback said sadly. "That was Coyote the Trickster. He has turned loose all our buffalo."
Thus it was that the buffalo were released to scatter over all the earth.


We'll Be Right Back After These Messages...

Stay tuned for a touching story..


How the Buffalo Were Released on Earth

In the first days a powerful being named Humpback owned all the buffalo. He kept them in a corral in the mountains north of San Juan, where he lived with his young son. Not one buffalo would Humpback release for the people on earth, nor would he share any meat with those who lived near him.
Coyote decided that something should be done to release the buffalo from Humpback's corral. He called the people to a council. "Humpback will not give us any buffalo," Coyote said. "Let us all go over to his corral and make a plan to release them."
They camped in the mountains near Humpback's place, and after dark they made a careful inspection of his buffalo enclosure. The stone walls were too high to climb, and the only entrance was through the back door of Humpback's house.
After four days Coyote summoned the people to another council, and asked them to offer suggestions for releasing the buffalo. "There is no way," said one man. "To release the buffalo we must go into Humpback's house, and he is too powerful a being for us to do that."
"I have a plan," Coyote said. "For four days we have secretly watched Humpback and his young son go about their daily activities. Have you not observed that the boy does not own a pet of any kind?"
The people did not understand what this had to do with releasing the buffalo, but they knew that Coyote was a great schemer and they waited for him to explain. "I shall change myself into a killdeer," Coyote said. "In the morning when Humpback's son goes down to the spring to get water, he will find a killdeer with a broken wing. He will want this bird for a pet and will take it back into the house. Once I am in the house I can fly into the corral, and the cries of a killdeer will frighten the buffalo into a stampede. They will come charging out through Humpback's house and be released upon the earth."
The people thought this was a good plan, and the next Morning when Humpback's son came down the path to the spring he found a killdeer with a crippled wing. As Coyote had foreseen, the boy picked up the bird and carried it into the house.
"Look here," the boy cried. "This is a very good bird!"
"It is good for nothing!" Humpback shouted. "All the birds and animals and people are rascals and schemers." Above his fierce nose Humpback wore a blue mask, and through its slits his eyes glittered. His basket headdress was shaped like a cloud and was painted black with a zig-zag streak of yellow to represent lightning. Buffalo horns protruded from the sides.
"It is a very good bird," the boy repeated.
And now, back to... Facts about The Comanche Tribe!
The Comanche tribe speak their own native language: Comanche. Their language is Uto-Aztecan (Numic,) meaning it's part of a language family of Central and Western North America.

The language is spoken in south west Oklahoma and New Mexico by about 854 mainly elderly speakers, out of a total Comanche population of 12,000 people.
More Customs!
Names were a very important thing to the Comanche People. They had a magical and mystical meaning to them. It was custom that you had to get the names right.

It was also customary for a shaman or relative to name a baby soon after its birth.

Woman normally kept the same name throughout their life. However, some men took a new name to commemorate an act of bravery.

Smoking a pipe is a method used to "communicate" with the spirits. When they exhaled the smoke it was considered to be a prayer to the spirits.

Red was the most desired color for the bowl of the pipe, which is the part where you would put the tobacco.


Food!
The food that the Comanche ate mostly what was around them.

Most of what the Comanche ate was buffalo, and in addition to that, they ate rabbit, fish that was in the lakes and rivers, various nuts, fruits, roots, berries, fried corn, and wild potatoes.

The Comanche were forbidden to eat dog meat, and they rarely settled for horse meat.
Yay!
Thoughts On The Comanche Tribe
The tribe itself was very interesting to learn about.

Obtaining the information needed for this presentation took a lot of time and patience. (also annoying)

The Comanche people were aggressive, but very smart and brave survivors.

It's a shame that their language is dying, but it's just what happens in our world.

I think it would be both cool and not so cool to be around in their time period. It would be cool because of how they hunted, had so much wildlife to explore, no pollution, and to see what life would be like back then. It wouldn't be cool because (generally) our technology today is far more advanced and efficient and having to live like the Comanche did wouldn't be as easy as it is today.

I also thought that the Comanche's way of fighting their enemy's was really clever because of how they just steal the weapons and force their enemy to surrender, Rather than to make a bloody mess.
The End
Thank you very much, have a good day!
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