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Depictions of Buddha

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Emily Storey

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Depictions of Buddha

By Jackie and Emily Symbols of Indian Buddism "The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism" In the earliest Buddhist art of India, the Buddha was not represented in human form. His presence was indicated by instead a sign such as a pair of foot prints, and empty seat, or a wheel. A conch shell
A lotus flower
A wheel
A parasol
An Endless Knot
A pair of Golden Fishes
A banner Proclaiming Victory
A Treasure Vase There are eight auspicious symbols of Buddhism: Conch Shell -Used to represent Buddhism in the same way that a cross represents Christianity or a Star of David represents Judaism
-The three basic parts of the Dharma wheel include the hub, rim, and eight spokes.
The hub of the wheel stands for ethical discipline, which helps in stabilizing the mind
Spokes represent the eightfold path of Buddhism in order to reach nirvana
Sharp edges that have the power to cut though ignorance
Rim symbolizes concentration, which is key in achieving the principles The Parasol The Endless Knot Artistic Buddha Representations The Conch Shell
- Acts as an emblem of power, authority, and sovereignty
-Used as a music instrument/ container for holy water during the actual practice of Buddhist rituals
-Most famous emblem of the Buddha's teaching, which spreads in all directions like the sound of the conch trumpet The Golden Fish Hand Gestures or Mudras Nonverbal mode of communication
Expression of inner intention
Suggests that it is more powerful than spoken word. Based on different movement of the fingers.
Symbolic signs that evoke awareness of divine powers.
Self expression using hand gestures and finger positions. The Five Fingers Each finger is identified as one of five elements. When the different fingers touch it shows the synthesis of the elements. The Elements Anjali Mudra Made with two hands joining vertically in front of chest.
Like in prayer
Evokes good feelings towards others.
Honoring a higher power if formed in front of face Vitarka Mudra A circle is made with the thumb and index finger.
symbolizes phases of the teaching of Buddha.
Leads listeners to enlightenment. Varada Mudra Hand is pointed downward with palms facing outwards.
Bestowing blessings or giving charity.
Accomplishment of devoting oneself to human salvation. Abhaya Mudra Symbolizes protection and fearlessness.
Hand pointed upwards with palm pointed outwards.
Sign of appeasement
Buddha was attacked by an angry elephant, and when he made this sign, the elephant was calmed. Dhyana Mudra Mudra of concentration.
Wanting attainment of spiritual perfection.
It is assumed it was adopted when Buddha was meditating and reaching enlightenment.
Made when one or both hands are placed in the lap.
When made with both hands the palms face upwards and the fingers extend and the thumbs touch.
This creates a triangle which indicates firmness of body and mind. Bhumisparsha Mudra "Gesture of touching the Earth."
The palm is facing inward with the fingers pointing downward.
Symbolizes temptations of Mara (or obsticles) that failed to divert Buddha from his goal. Dharmachakra Mudra Reserved for images of Gautama Buddha.
Used in most important moments in Buddha's life
e.g. First serman after enlightenment.
Two hands are near the chest with the thumb and index finger creating a circle.
Right palm faces forward and left palm faces chest. ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") ("Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage.") (Buddhist Art) When the shell's spiral is turning in a clockwise direction, it is rare and considered especially sacred
Symbolic of the celestial motions of the sun, moon, planets and stars across the heavens
Usually, the Buddha's body hair swirls to the right, as well as his hair whorls and conch-like swirl of his navel The Lotus Flower - Signifies the progress of the soul from the primeval mud of materialism
- Rising and blooming above the murk to achieve enlightenment
-"In esoteric Buddhism, the heart of the beings is like an unopened lotus: when the virtues of the Buddha develop therein, the lotus blossoms; that is why the Buddha sits on a lotus bloom.'" The Wheel - Umbrellas cast shadows, in this case the shadow of protection
- Symbol of protection, honors and respect
The coolness of its shade symbolizes protection from the heat of suffering, desire, and other spiritually harmful forces
- Act as a mobile temple
- Buddha depicted with large umbrella over head - Knot has no beginning or end
- Symbolizes Buddha's infinite wisdom
- Shows the harmony of the universe due to its balanced and conjoined workings -Consists of two fish standing vertically
-Symbolizes the two sacred rivers of India, Ganga, and Yamuna
-The fish also symbolize
Happiness: complete freedom in the water
Fertility: rapidly multiplying
-Fish often swim in pairs, representing conjugal unity and fidelity, where a pair of fish would often be given as a wedding present.
-Buddha known as "fisher of men" because he saves people from the ocean of suffering The Victory Banner -Emblem of Buddha's enlightenment
-Triumph of knowledge over ignorance
-Buddha's triumph over Mara and obstacles on path to spiritual realization Treasure Vase -symbol of the storage of satisfaction of material desires
-A traditional indian clay water pot
-As the myth goes, no matter how much is taken out of the vase, it stays perpetually full Non-Human Symbols Human Symbols Common Features of Buddha. Long Earlobes
Hair in a bun
Usually seated
Special hand gestures or Mudra's Body Positions
Standing
Sitting (usually in meditation)
Laying down (representing his death) There is no standard way of representing the Buddha. Each depiction differs among artist interpretation. Works Cited "Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage." Buddha Hand Gestures : Loulisa's Indian Heritage. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.loulisa.net/category/buddha-hand-gestures/>.
Buddhist Art. Dhammakayavideos, 2012. Youtube.com.
"The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism - A Study in Spiritual Evolution Article of the Month - October 2003 by Nitin Kumar ." Exotic India. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.exoticindiaart.com/article/symbols/>. "The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism" "The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism" ("The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism") ("The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism") ("The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism") ("The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism") ("The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism") ("The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism") ("The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism") Create your own Buddha! -Draw how you feel such a religion should be symbolized

- Will this representation take on a human or non human form?
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