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Intro to Wildlife Managment

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Samantha Risling

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Intro to Wildlife Managment

WildLife Management > ~ ~ + = SO WHAT ARE WE SUPPOSED TO DO? 1. Develop a better undersatnding of the relationship between wildlife and humans
2. Research wildlife management issues and perspectives
3. Develop opinions based on research and facts, rather than emotion and speculation What is WiIdlife Management? 1. The process of ensuring long term viability of spaces, speices, and ecosystems 2. The protection and use of wild animal population and of the land necessary to support them to ensure that productivity and ecological balance are maintained while social benefits are realized. Economic/social 3. The wise use of resources/wildlife in the spirit of responsible stewardship that preserves the productivity and diversity of the world's resources/wildlife. 4. The sum of activities, policies, cultural practices, laws, and rules of governemnts and citizens whereby a society provides for itself the amount and kind of wildlife that meets it's perceived needs. It means different things to different people. Let's try and match the following definitions with the perspective they represent: Wild +Life + Management= ? : not domesticated :the conducting or supervising of something To Conserve or Preserve...that is the question... Conservation vs. Preservation Conservation Preservation a matter of trade-offs
how much can be lost to achieve specific gains
preserve productive potential and diveristy aviod any disturbance of "natural" conditions
can become problematic (ie. supressing fires) Modern Conservation
used to be focused on "hoarding" and slow use of resoucres
now focuses on sustained yeild, minimal waste, recycling, and maintaining the quality of the environment
governement aims to regulate the use of resources using a philosophy of conservation, but confilicting demands (environmental, social, cultural, and economic) complicate the matter
You tell me- 10 marks: Do you support conservation, preservation, or some combination of the two. Why? A Brief History of Wildlife Management in Canada Pre-contact people of Canada relied on wildlife for food, clothing, and shelter Europeans came to Canada and recognized the value ($) of the wildlife found here 1532 The need for conservation was not recognized because resources seemed to be unlimited 1600's 1800's 1700's 1900's Fisheries and the fur trade developed Europeans fished in Atlantic Canada and traded their catch for furs with the native peoples Demand for beaver pelts increases tremendously Beaver populations diminish until the beaver is almost gone from Canada Beaver populations begin to recover due to decreased demand and management Over 200,000 bison are killed every year for their hides Natives who depended on Bison begin to starve Free ranging bison are nearly gone from Canada (reintroduction will take over 100 years) Development of Modern Management Settlers demanded freedom to hunt
Stocks declined
Sportsmen and naturalits emerged
The need for management became apparent Perspectives/Philosophies Environmental Social Economic Cultural Organizations/People of Interest Government NGO's Canadian Wildlife Federation
Saskatchewan Wildlife Federation
Greenpeace Canada
PETA
Saskatchewan Trappers Association Environment Canada: Canadian WIlidfe Service
Federal Wildlife Enforcement Division
http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/enforce/act_e.cfm
COSEWIC- (Committe on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada)
Saskatchewan Ministry of Environment: Fish and Wildlife Branch
City of Saskatoon: Pest Management Ministry of Environment passes environmental laws in parliament:
1917/1994- Migratory Bird Convention Act
1966- Bird Hunting Permit
1973- Canadian Wildlife Act
1975- Convention of the International Trade in Endangered Species of wild flora and fauna (CITIES)
1975- Species at Risk Act (SARA)
http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/enforce/law_e.cfm Jurisdiction Federal- migratory birds, animals on federal land, national parks, and territories
Provincial- game birds, mammals, other migratory animals in provincial territores
*Responsibility of fish is confusing because of juristiction of waterways NOW WHAT? Aborigincal Perspectives on Wildlife Management
By Hugh Tait


Pre-contact

Traditionally, First Nations cultures believe that human beings were a part of nature, not separate from it. First Nations culture recognized one of the simplest facts of life everything is connected in many ways and on many levels and everyone had a responsibility and a role as the Earth’s stewards. Elders in Aboriginal communities have always instructed their people on the proper respect for fellow animals on Mother Earth.

The Cree world view held that animals existed before human beings in the first condition of the Earth, the age of the narratives called acaðohkiwin. Acaðohkiwin " refers to a narrative recounting events that occurred in the early period of the world, a past both continuous with and detached from the present. During this era, animals talked and behaved in other respects like iðiniwak 'human beings', and this, in fact, is the characteristic that Crees emphasize when describing it.

The stories about Omiðahcis 'Wolverine', for example, make pointed reference to his tail, which he used to chisel beaver lodges. The way of life of the animal characters is overtly cultural. Animals are represented as talking, making fires, arranging marriages, living in lodges, exchanging food, making dry meat, practicing sorcery, and using such manufactures as toboggans. Since human beings were not yet in the world, these myths implicitly suggest that Cree designs for living are to some degree carried over from the animals who originated them.

Crees noted a variety of physical, behavioral, and spiritual differences, of both discrete and continuous types.
Dwelling/technology
"Don't live in houses" (except muskrats and beavers).
"Some live in the water and under the ground."
"Don't make fires; don't need to."
"Don't need clothing. Don't get cold in winter."
"Live in the bush. People live in camp or town."

Physical traits
"Hairy coats."
"Can't walk around on two legs" (except bears).
"Stronger than people" (bears, wolverines, moose).
"Faster than people" (wolves, wolverines, dogs).
"Don't get tired as easy as people."
"Don't get cold like people."

Spiritual traits
"Souls are stronger than people's. They say if you kill an animal it gets its body back and goes back in the bush."
"Cleaner than human beings. Like to be clean all the time. Dogs are dirty because they live in town."

Speech
"Can't talk" (bears may understand Cree).
"They say that they used to talk like people."
"Maybe they talk to each other when there are no people there."
"Talk among themselves but not like people."

Intelligence
"Not as smart as people."
"Smarter than people about some things: never get lost in bush, always know where their food is."
"Smart just like people" (bears, beavers, wolves). http://www.ted.com/talks/michael_pollan_gives_a_plant_s_eye_view.html ? Life is... : the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body Sweedish Botanist Caralous Linnaeus Life is a tree! DOMAINS KINGDOMS PHYLA (PHYLUM) CLASSES Jawless Bones Limbs Amniotes Feathers Hair ORDERS FAMILIES GENUS SPECIES- HOMO SAPIEN Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mamalia Primate Hominidae Homo Sapien www.tolweb.org Research, Feild Work, and Decision Making Chordata Mamalia Primate Hominidae Homo
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