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f(x) is a five-member multi-national K-pop girl group formed

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Isabella Gomez

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Transcript of f(x) is a five-member multi-national K-pop girl group formed

f(x) is a five-member multi-national K-pop girl group formed by S.M. Entertainment in 2009. The quintet consists of Chinese leader Victoria, Taiwanese-American member Amber, Korean members Luna and Sulli, and Korean-American member Krystal.
The group’s music is best known for its fusion electro pop sounds.[2] Introduced as "Asia's Pop Dance Group" on September 2, 2009,[3] they released their debut digital single "LA chA TA".[4] In November of the same year, they released their first single album Chu~♥.[5] Then in May 2010, they released their first EP Nu ABO to growing popularity. After the members expand individually in the entertainment industry and the return of member Amber from hiatus (in June 2010), they returned with their first studio album Pinocchio, released in April 2011. The lead single off the album gained their first music program win and was their first song to win the triple crown that led to its first repackaged album "Hot Summer", on June 2011 which led the group to fame and popularity.

A year after, they returned with their second EP Electric Shock. Electric Shock reached the number one spot on both the US and Canadian iTunes electronic albums chart soon after its release.[6] The lead single off their EP gave the group multiple recognition in the music industry. Electric Shock holds the record as f(x)'s song with most music wins.[7]

In March 2013, they became the first Kpop group to perform at 2013 SXSW South By Southwest.[8] After 13 months from the release of Electric Shock, Pink Tape, was released in July 29. The group received critical acclaim and huge success, most notably being described as "experimental, steeped in quirky, boundary-pushing electronic sounds with woozy harmonies", thus being the only Kpop album released in 2013 to be ranked as "The 41 Best Albums of 2013", by Fuse TV, an American music channel.[9] Rum Pum Pum Pum swept all 9 Korean charts soon after its release, and most notably, the song ranked #3 on billboard's "20 Best K-Pop Songs of 2013".[10][11]

In July 2014, the band released their third full length album Red Light to critical and commercial success. However, in the midst of promotions, SM Entertainment posted an official statement on the group's homepage on July 24 stating that Sulli would be taking temporary hiatus from the entertainment industry due to severe emotional and physical distress caused by "continuous, malicious comments and false rumors," but would still be a member of the group.[12] Thus, SM Entertainment scrapped all previously scheduled promotions for Red Light and instead had the rest of the group focus on their solo activities and group activities without Sulli.[13] In August 2014, f(x) album design for EP Album 'Electric Shock' and 2nd Studio Album 'Pink Tape' won Germany's '2014 Red Dot Design Award'. [14]
The group name originates from the Mathematical notation for function,[15] which member Krystal defined as their aim to change and adapt into many situations.[16] Member Amber confessed that aside from f(x), they had attempts on other names like "flower".[16] The members are often nicknamed "function girls" with the fact that their name is a notation for function. Notably, the members' individual stage names replace the "x", sometimes written like: f(Victoria), f(Amber), f(Luna), f(Sulli), and f(Krystal), but to connote the entire group, they use f(x).

f(x) was introduced as "Asia's Pop Dance Group" through a YouTube video teaser released on August 24, 2009.[21] For five days, S.M. revealed information about the group through news portals and posted photos of each member on their official website. Their debut single, "LA chA TA", was released on September 1, 2009.[4] Following their first performance at the Samseong-dong Fashion Center on September 2, 2009, the music video for the single was screened and released online.[22] The group's first broadcast performance of "LA chA TA" was held on the September 5, 2009 broadcast of MBC's Show! Music Core.[23]


f(x) with Girls' Generation at a showcase for the LG Chocolate cellphone
In October, f(x) promoted the LG Chocolate cellphone alongside label mates Girls' Generation.[24] Both groups released their own rendition of the song "Chocolate Love", with f(x)'s being an electro-pop version, on October 8, 2009.[25] The group released their first physical single, "Chu~♥", on November 9, 2009,[5] and a month later they appeared as special guests at Girls' Generation's Into the New World concert held at the Olympic Fencing Gymnasium on December 19 and 20, 2009.[26]

The members of f(x) started gaining popularity as they show off a different fashion style, music and choreography. The members were also known like member Amber for her boyish charms,[27] Krystal being Jessica's younger sister[28] and a similar facial feature of YoonA of Girls' Generation,[29] Sulli is known for her facial features, oftening mistaken as the group's youngest member/maknae, Victoria for her outstanding flexibility[30] and Luna for her vocal delivery and dancing skills, garnering the nickname "Mini BoA".
Krystal was first spotted by S.M. Entertainment in 2000 on a family visit to Korea, which earned her a small role in Shinhwa's "Wedding March'' music video.Sulli debuted as a child actress in 2005 when she was selected to play young Princess Seonhwa of Silla in the SBS television drama, Ballad of Seo Dong.In 2006, the agency recruited Luna after seeing her perform on the television program Truth Game.Victoria was spotted by one of S.M. Entertainment's agents at a Beijing dance competition in September 2007, and later joined the company. Two months later, Amber was cast through S.M. Global Auditions in Los Angeles, California, where she and one other male signed a contract to become trainees.
In January 2010, f(x) collaborated with Chinese boy band M.I.C. to promote the LG Cyon cellphone. They released a Chinese cover of "Lollipop", written by Julius Dixson and Beverly Ross, on January 2, 2010. The group released their first extended play, Nu ABO, on May 4, 2010. Consisting of six tracks, the lead single "Nu ABO" topped various online music portal charts in Korea,[31] and also become one of the Gaon Chart's weekly number-one singles. The group held their first performance of the song on KBS's Music Bank on May 7, 2010.[32]

Amber went on hiatus in June due to an ankle injury, with remaining group activities of the year carried out without her. The group began performing "Mr. Boogie", from Nu ABO, on music shows starting on July 17, 2010. f(x) participated in the SMTown Live '10 World Tour on August 21, 2010, at the Seoul Jamsil Olympic Stadium. They also performed in Tokyo, Shanghai, Los Angeles, and Paris on later dates.[33] This marks the first time f(x) and their fellow label mates have performed outside of Asia. Avex Entertainment and SM Entertainment Japan released a statement about the renewal of the contracts of S.M. artists who were signed to the label on November 24, 2010. It stated that f(x) is now signed to Avex, and their albums will be released under the label in Japan, Taiwan, China, and Hong Kong.[1]
In early 2011, it was announced by S.M. Entertainment that f(x) were planning to release a studio album in the first half of the year.[34] Their member Amber had returned from the U.S. after her hiatus as well. The first teaser photo for their full-length studio album Pinocchio was released on April 7, 2011. The music video teaser for their lead single "Pinocchio (Danger)", was released on April 15, 2011. The album was released on April 20, 2011, and the group held their performance of the single on the April 22, 2011 broadcast of KBS's Music Bank. f(x) achieved eight wins with "Pinocchio (Danger)" on various music shows.

The group re-released their first full length album on June 14, 2011, under the title Hot Summer. The album came with the eleven original songs and the new track "Hot Summer", a remake of a Monrose song written by Thomas Troelsen and Remee,[35] and their previous digital singles "La Cha Ta", "Chu~♥" and "Is It Ok?".[36] In August 2011, f(x) released an OST song called "Garagabana" for the online game Bust-a-Move,[37] and in December 2011, they released an English song entitled "1, 2, 3" as part of the 2011 Winter SMTown – The Warmest Gift album
f(x) released their second EP titled Electric Shock on June 10, 2012,[39] after releasing a series of teaser images and a music teaser.[40] f(x) began promotions for "Electric Shock" starting on M! Countdown on June 14, 2012, where they also performed "Jet" as part of the special comeback stage. f(x) ended their promotions on July 15, 2012 achieving 9 musical wins, and began preparing for their Japanese debut. They released a Japanese remake of "Hot Summer" in mid-August, which was also selected as the commercial background song for Uminoie Resort.[41] In the beginning of October Avex announced that f(x)'s first Premium Showcase 1st Shock was postponed to an indefinite date. The date of the showcase was supposed to be on October 18 and 19 at the Zepp Tokyo.

Then on November 30, 2012, f(x) attended the 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards in Hong Kong, where they have received an award of "Best Dance Performance - Female Group" for their latest single "Electric Shock". Then at the press conference for 10th Annual Korean Music Awards on January 29, 2013, it was announced that the songs "Electric Shock" and "Jet", both from their Electric Shock EP were nominated for Best Dance and Electronic Song. In regards to the two songs being nominated in the same category, a representative of the KMAs stated, "This is due to the corresponding songs having excellent music reviews and rather than disregarding them because it is from the same artist, we chose to recognize their excellence".
In March, f(x) performed at the SXSW South By Southwest 2013, a festival held in Austin, Texas annually, being the first K-pop artist to perform there.[44] Fuse, an influential American music channel, listed f(x) as one of the "30 Must-See Acts" at the event."[45][46] While in the U.S., f(x) also flew to Los Angeles to practice choreography for their second album with Kevin Maher. Maher and Amber later tweeted pictures of them rehearsing. Maher's dance assistant, Sohey Sugihara, also posted pictures of him and Maher with f(x) on Instagram.[47] On their last day in the U.S., the group filmed a Funny or Die sketch with Anna Kendrick.[48] These events were documented and shown in Go f(x).[49]

Later in the year, f(x) performed at the Hong Kong Dome Festival on July 1.

On July 17, a vintage-styled 'art film' was uploaded on S.M. Entertainment's official YouTube channel, that signaled the group's comeback. The teaser video featured a preview of "Shadow" along with poetry narrated by the members of f(x). It also included edited clips of the behind the scenes showing the photo shoot for the album jacket of Pink Tape.[50]

Their second full-length album Pink Tape was then released on July 29, consisting of twelve original tracks and having Rum Pum Pum Pum as their lead single. The album peaked at the number one position on multiple music charts internationally, including Billboard,[51] Gaon[52] and Hanteo. f(x) began promotions for "Rum Pum Pum Pum" and "Pink Tape" starting with M! Countdown on July 25. Their showcase f(x) Music Spoiler - Play! Pink Tape was then held through Naver Music on July 29. They introduced and performed songs from their Pink Tape as well as unveiled the "Rum Pum Pum Pum" MV making-of clip. During the promotion cycle, f(x) also performed "Airplane" as a special stage on M! Countdown and Show Champion. Overall, they achieved four wins with "Rum Pum Pum Pum" on various music shows.[53][54]

During December, Fuse chose Pink Tape as one of the only K-POP albums for "The 41 Best Albums of 2013".[55] Rum Pum Pum Pum also ranked #3 on Billboard's "20 Best K-Pop Songs of 2013".[56] Later, f(x) and EXO held two joint concerts together, titled SMTOWN WEEK f(x) & EXO Christmas Wonderland, at KINTEX and Ilsan on December 24 and 25. f(x) showcased the group's previous hit songs and new tracks from the 2nd album "Pink Tape", including "Step" and "No More" as well as several other special performances with EXO.[57]

During various Chinese variety shows, f(x) has covered a popular classic Chinese song by Teresa Teng "Tian Mi Mi", singing their version in three different languages, Korean, Chinese, and English
Earlier in the year, f(x) grabbed home "The Group Artist" award at 20th Korean Entertainment Arts Awards,[59] "Disk Bonsang" at 28th Golden Disk Awards,[60] as well as "Best Overseas Artist Performance" at Yin Yue Feng Yun Bang Awards held in China.[61] During the Golden Disk Awards ceremony, Krystal, Luna and Amber did a cover of Girls' Generation's "The Boys".[62]

f(x)'s third studio album Red Light was released on July 7, 2014, consisting of 2 versions: Type A (Sleepy Cats) and Type B (Wild Cats).[63] Since its release, the album and lead single "Red Light" has topped all 9 music charts in South Korea. Besides the lead single, other tracks such as “Milk”, “All Night”, “Butterfly”, “Paper Heart” and “Rainbow” also took up spots in the top 10 on Genie, Olleh and Bugs charts.[64] Red Light is of the electronic house genre with the meaningful message of if one stops for a bit, then one can enjoy the precious things in life. The album experiments with different sounds and has a total of eleven tracks.[65]

In regard to some mixed reviews regarding the album's dark and eerie concept, f(x) discussed that they themselves like new challenges and don’t think of this comeback as “tough.” Krystal further added that she likes this current concept because a lot of times she’s given roles that make her look pretty, but just this once she wanted something that would make her look darker and different.[66]

Fuse TV described the group as the K-Pop's top hipsters,[67] having their "Red Light" music video reaching more than 2 million views on YouTube on first day.[68] The music video was also ranked as the most viewed K-pop videos in America and around the world during the month of July.[69]

On July 17, f(x) performed on MNet's M!Countdown without Sulli, with SM Entertainment saying that Sulli was sick and thus was unable to perform.[70] However, when Sulli did not appear in the next few Red Light promotions and f(x)'s Korean promotion schedule was abruptly cleared for the rest of the month, it led to speculation that Sulli would be leaving the group (or that the group itself would be disbanding).[71]

On July 24, SM Entertainment posted an official statement on the group's homepage, stating that due to Sulli becoming "mentally and physically exhausted from the continuous, malicious comments and false rumors" that has been spread about her in the past year,[72] she is now taking a temporary hiatus from the entertainment industry, though she still remains a member of the group.[73][74] The remaining members would now focus on their solo activities and continue any group activities without Sulli for the time being.[75] During August, Pitchfork listed "Shadow", "Rum Pum Pum Pum", and "Red Light" as part of the best 20 essential K-pop songs in recent years, [76][77] and SM Entertainment has taken 8 awards home from Germany's "2014 Red Dot Design Awards, and one of those were Pink Tape and Electric Shock. [78]
f(x) has garnered recognition for experimenting with different concepts in terms of fashion, music and dance. They also garner recognition in Korea for being a girl group that has received acclaim and success without the need of high exposure. f(x) is also known for their consistently innovative electronic music, thus receiving praise from various music critics. As their name stands for function, f(x) has variously tried different concepts throughout their career. For LAchATA, the girls tried a groovy, hiphop concept. For Chu~♥, f(x) showed off a cute and bubbly image. Nu ABO, the members opted for a trendy image. Pinocchio (Danger) displays f(x)'s free-spirited and youthful image, and Hot Summer shows off f(x)'s sassy style. For the release of Electric Shock, f(x) showed off a cyber-punk theme. Rum Pum Pum Pum opted for a mature f(x) in terms of fashion and dance, thus showing off a more feminine style, and for Red Light, f(x) opted for a darker, more intense image. Red Light highlights the "one eye make-up". In terms of dance, f(x) began with an intense and high quality style, shown in LAchATA, Chu~♥ and Nu ABO, but choreography was simplified in future releases like Pinocchio (Danger) and Hot Summer. In fashion, f(x) is known as the "no uniform girl group" as Korean girl groups often wear the same clothes, outfit and style. LAchATA, Nu ABO, Hot Summer and Electric Shock highlight the variety of the members' styles, while in releases like Chu~♥ (blue), Pinocchio (Danger) (pink lip printed turquoise), Rum Pum Pum Pum (Scottish girl plaid) and Red Light (tuxedo), the members have a specific theme to their clothes.
Victoria Song (born February 2, 1987), better known mononymously as Victoria, is a Chinese pop singer and model active in South Korea. She was first introduced as an upcoming artist from SM Entertainment and modeled for several Korean brands, such as Spris, Anycall, and Samsung in early 2008. In August 2009, she was introduced as the leader of quintet dance group, f(x).

Early life and career
Victoria was born in Qingdao, Shandong on February 2, 1987. Before she set foot in Korean Entertainment, she was (and still is) a big fan of famous singer Kang Ta, as a loyal fan, she followed KangTa through fan meetings and concerts and the footages of her journey were shown in KangTa's MV (ETERNITY). [1] After her high school graduation, she was accepted to the prestigious Beijing Dance Academy and majored in Chinese ethnic dance.[2] Victoria's outward appearance and skilled dancing caught the eyes of a talent agent during a dance competition that was held in Beijing in September 2007, and she was recommended to audition for SM Entertainment. She passed the auditions that same month and began preparing for her modeling career in South Korea.[1]
Victoria's first media appearance was for a Spris commercial in early 2008 with South Korean singer-actor Lee Jun-ki and nobrain. A Spris publicist noted, "While Victoria Song is just a rookie, she carries a lot of potential. Whether she decides for a modeling career or an acting career, I can see a bright future ahead of her. Having such an innocent and playful image, she is very suitable to model our company's brand."[1] In April 2008, Victoria was signed to model for Samsung in a music video with Korean actor-singer Rain, and drew attention from the Chinese audience.[3]
Full Name: Song Qian
Position: Vocalist, Main Dancer, Leader
Birthday: February 2, 1987
Height: 168 cm (5‘6)
Blood Type: A
Birth Place: Qingdao, Shandong, China
Education: Beijing Dance Academy
Languages: Korean, Chinese
Jung Soo Jung or her stage name Krystal is maknae (the youngest in korean language) of South Korea girl group f(x). Although a maknae in f(x) but its nature tends to be more adult than Sulli. Krystal is member with Korean-American Nationality. Krystal was born in San Francisco, California on October 24th, 1994.
In 2000, Krystal and her family trip to South and while shopping at a Lotte Department Store. She and her Sister Girls' Generation Jessica were spotted by a talent agency SM Entertainment, which earned her a cameo appearance in Shinhwa's "Wedding March" music video. SM Entertainment saw potential in both Krystal and Jessica become SM Entertainment trainee. However, the offer was turned down by her parents, reasoning that Krystal was too young. Therefore, her parents at first only allowed Jessica to join the agency who debuted as a member of Girls' Generation in August 2007.
In 2006, Krystal was recruited as an SM Entertainment trainee in the "2006 SM Casting System" and her parents allowed her to join SM Entertainment. Krystal began modeling in several CF's by age 13 before she become f(x) member. On September 1, 2009 Krystal and her group f(x) debuted with their single 'La Cha Ta'. Krystal gained early interest amongst netizens due to being the younger sister of Girls' Generation Jessica. In 2009, she appeared in SHINee's MV "Juliette" as the main female protagonist. In 2010, Krystal appeared on Let's Go Dream Team 2, where she broke a high jump record that had been set on the show 10 years ago. She now holds the women's high jump record of 1.95m. Krystal also appeared in High Kick! Season 3 as Ahn Soojung.
Full Name: Krystal Jung/Jung Soo Jung (Korean Name)
Position: Lead Vocalist, Maknae
Birthday: October 24, 1994
Height: 165 cm (5‘5)
Blood Type: A
Birth Place: San Francisco, California, USA
Education: Korea Kent Foreign School, Hanlim High School
Languages: Korean, English, Chinese
Fun Facts:
Park Sun Young or her stage name Luna is member of South Korea girl group f(x).Luna was born in Seoul, South Korea on August 12nd, 1993. She has a twin sisterand she has a brother who is in the army.
In 2006, SM Entertainment recruited Luna after seeing her performing on a SBS's television program, "Truth Game". Luna had been training more than three years before she became a member of f(x). On September 1, 2009 Luna and her group f(x) debuted with their single 'La Cha Ta'. In 2010, Luna won the 'Variety New Star Award' at the SBS Entertainment Awards for 'Star King'. On October 15, 2010 she did a collaboration with the group of 20 'Let's Go'. On April 15, 2011, Luna dbuted as a host in music program by MTV called The Show with Secret Hyosung. In 2011, Luna debuted as an actress in television drama 'Saving Ahjumma Go Bong Sil' as Seo In Young with SS501 Kim Kyu Jong.
Full Name: Park Sun Young
Position: Main Vocalist, Lead Dancer
Birthday: August 12, 1993
Height: 163 cm (5‘4)
Blood Type: A
Religion: Christianity
Choi Jin Ri or her stage name Sulli is a member of South Korea girl group f(x). Sulli was born in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea on March 23rd, 1994. Sulli attended Seoul Arts High School the same school with SHINee Taemin, EXO-K Kai, Miss A Suzy, Jo twins, and several other artists.In 2005, she debuted as a child actress in the SBS television drama The Ballad of Seodong as little Princess Sunhwa. Sulli began her career in Entertainment world industry in 2005.
On September 1, 2009 Sulli and her group f(x) debuted with their single 'La Cha Ta'. A few months later after Sulli debuted with her drama 'The Ballad of Seondong', she made a cameo appearance in Love Needs a Miracle, another SBS television drama. In 2006, she made a small supporting appearance as the childhood crush of TVXQ's Micky in the theatrical drama Vacation. From February 7th, 2010 Sulli became MC for SBS’s program Inkigayo until November 13rd, 2011. On April 26, 2012, Sulli and her labelmate, SHINee's Minho were confirmed to play the leading role for television drama "To The Beautiful You".
Full Name: Choi Jin Ri
Position: Vocalist, Rapper, Visual
Birthday: March 29, 1994
Height: 170 cm (5‘5)
Blood Type: O
Birth Place: Yangsan, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
Religion: Christianity
Amber Josephine Liu or her stage name Amber is a member of South Korean girl group f(x). Amber is Taiwanese-American . Shre was born in Los Angeles, San Fernando Valley, California, United States on September 18, 1992. Amber was selected as an SM Entertainment trainee through the "2007 SM Entertainment Global Audition" and in 2008 moved to South Korea and trained for a year and a half. On September 1, 2009 Amber and her group f(x) debuted with their single 'La Cha Ta'. On December 19 and 20, 2009 in Girls Generation first concert Into The New World at Seoul, South Korea, Yuri performed a cover of Ciara's song "1, 2 step" featuring Amber as a rapper and dancer. On June 2010 Amber went on hiatus due to an ankle injury. The remaining group activities in 2010 were carried out without her. Amber cameback in the album 'Pinocchio' after she returned from USA after a long break since June 2010. On November 19 and 20, 2011 Super Junior made their opening stops in Seoul, Korea for Super Show 4 World Tour. In there, Amber sang with Super Junior-M's Henry a cover of the song 'Baby by Justin Bieber'. Amber did the rap part along with Henry. Amber along with her bandmates Victoria and Sulli performed Oops!! with Super Junior Shindong, Donghae, Eunhyuk and Leeteuk. On March 17, 2012 Amber appeared as a guest on Immortal Song 2 to support her labelmate SHINee Taemin.
Full Name: Amber Josephine Liu/Yoo Il Woon (Chinese Name)
Position: Vocalist, Main Rapper
Birthday: September 18, 1992
Height: 167 cm (5‘5)
Blood Type: B
Birth Place: San Fernando Valley, California, USA
Religion: Christianity
Languages: Korean, Chinese, English
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